Presentation on theme: "Development prospects for ulaanbaatar city"— Presentation transcript:
1Development prospects for ulaanbaatar city Ulaanbaatar city’s Mayor’s officeDevelopment prospects for ulaanbaatar cityBerlin 2012
2Intoduction Ulaanbaatar city development HISTORY OF THE CAPITAL CITY OF MONGOLIACURRENT SITUATION OF ULAANBAATAR CITYMASTER PLAN OF THE CITYSTRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLANULAANBAATER SET TO BEGIN MASTER PLAN UPDATE WITH NEW PROJECTSberlin
3History of the capital city Ulaanbaatar city developmentHistory of the capital cityKhara-hot was the oldest city in Gobi Desert \ \The great ruler, Chingis khaan, ordered to build Khara-Khorum in 1220 as a capital of the Mongolian Empire. The second great khaan, Ogodei, made it the real capital of the Mongolian Empire. The city has been razed several times since Genghis Khan's day. But in Mongolia, Karakorum remains a powerful symbol of past glory. Later, Ming army completely ruined Khara-Khorum in 1410.
4Ulaanbaatar city development Ulaanbaatar founded in 1639 as the migratory residence of the spiritual leader of the lamas in Mongolia under the name Orgoo from which Urga is derived, the name of the city used by Europeans until 1924.It is located on the bank of Tuul River. It lies at the foothills of Bogd Khaan Mountain at an altitude of 1350 meters above sea level, covering an area of sq.km. The city is administratively divided into 9 districts and sub-districts.
5Ulaanbaatar city development The first 20-year general plan for developing the city was worked out in The first multi-party democratic election taken place in Mongolia in summer of 1990, which resulted in the first permanent multi-party Parliament. The new Parliament adopted a new Constitution of Mongolia (4th) in 1992, states: "Ulaanbaatar is the Capital city of Mongolia".berlin
7Ulaanbaatar city development In history Ulaanbaatar city has developed 5 master plans (1954, 1963, 1971, 1986, 2002 )First master plan 1954Proposed population thousandSecond master plan 1963 Proposed population thousandThird master plan 1971Proposed population thousandFourth master plan 1986Proposed population thousand
8Ulaanbaatar city development MASTER PLANSUlaanbaatar city- 1954Ulaanbaatar city- 1961
9Ulaanbaatar city development MASTER PLANSUlaanbaatar city- 1975Ulaanbaatar city- 1986
10THE MASTER PLAN OF ULAANBAATAR FOR 2020 Ulaanbaatar city developmentTHE MASTER PLAN OF ULAANBAATAR FOR 2020Proposed population 1150 thousand
12Ulaanbaatar city development Mongolia began the transition to a market economy in 1990.The loss of Soviet financial subsidies and technical support at that time weakened the government’s capacity.The collapse of many rural enterprises, combined with climate disasters exacerbated rural-urban migration.At the same time in Ulaanbaatar rapidly expanded uncontrolled and poorly serviced lower-income residential areas. (the Ger areas)The population of the city's ger areas has increased by approximately 70 per cent over the last twenty years.As today more than 60 percent of Ulaanbaatar population still lives in ger areas which lack modern infrastructure services, such as piped water, sanitation, proper roads, public transportation.Capital city Ulaanbaatar is bearing an increasing level of pressure on its own services and infrastructure trying to accommodate growth.
13Ulaanbaatar city development The Partial Planning.,
14Ulaanbaatar city development PARTIAL PLANNINGThere have been over 50 partial planning documents adopted by City Council.
15CURRENT SITUATION OF ULAANBAATAR CITY Ulaanbaatar city developmentCURRENT SITUATION OF ULAANBAATAR CITYOver 50% of GDP is produced in the Capital CityUlaanbaatar City makes up 1/3 of state budgetMore than 70 of registered companies are based in UBPolitical, economic, business and administrative capital of countryAs of the beginning of 2012, the population of capital city reached 1 million 200 thousand people an increase by 39.4 thousands compared to the same period of the last year. Today, 2 people of every 4 Mongolian citizens live in capital city whereas average household living in capital city consists of 4 members. Every day, approximately 78 people migrate from the provinces to Ulaanbaatar and very few people – just one third of incoming migrants leave Ulaanbaatar for provinces.
17Ulaanbaatar city development The General master planOur goal is to achieve autonomous status, self-sufficient economy and good governance, to support its development, and strengthening its financial capacity shall be the Ulaanbaatar City’s short-term goals.
18Ulaanbaatar city development To achieve its goals, municipality aims to determine balanced ratio of economic, social and environmental development; create a favorable, peaceful and sustained living conditions for the city residents; and promote economic sustainable development:Capital City’s self-governing and local administrative organizations shall practice the following in order to achieve these goals and objectives:Improve the Capital City and Ulaanbaatar City’s legal environment;Scrutinize and decide general management of the city growth and development, exercise growth guiding approaches, and decide the location and settlements of citizens and enterprises based on the general plan and common interest of residents;Apply financial capacity enhancement strategy of the capital city.State administrative organizations of the municipality announced the year of 2010 as “The Year to improve the legal environment of the Capital City” and expect to achieve substantial enhancement and progress to this extent.The parliament passed the Law on the Capital City’s Legal Status in 1994, in connection with the above provision of the Constitutional Law, which was the resolution to newly determine the current legal foundation of Ulaanbaatar City. Population of Ulaanbaatar City was about 500 thousand when this law was passed and today the population of the city increased up to 1.1 million during past 16 years since this law was adopted. Population increase brings more negative consequences to the society. For example, Ulaanbaatar city’s emission, air pollution, transport vehicle congestion, urban development and planning, infrastructure, solid waste and city view issues became more critical.Existing law on the capital city’s legal status states “... capital city shall be economically independent. Capital City shall have taxes to charge. Taxes shall be determined by law.” However, these provisions are not practically implemented. Hence, Ulaanbaatar city’s challenging problems can be resolved by means of enforcing the practical implementation and compliance of these provisions. Law on the Capital City’s legal status shall be tabled for ratification during this spring session of Parliament.berlin
19Ulaanbaatar city development The development of ger areas in Ulaanbaatar (UB), is one of the most important issues facing the country.The policy such as the “Compact City” concept of the UB Master Plan 2020, was proposed to control expansion and promote high-density development for the ger areas:design a comprehensive urban development policydevelop supporting mechanisms, including land valuation and taxationImprove local economic development policyImprove utilization of engineering networkImprove land useImprove reliable process of city engineering network and sourceDevelop and exchange ger area by small housing district with fully supported engineering system \ network \Move away industries with more pollution from cityDecrease air, water and soil pollution“Smokeless Ulaanbaatar” program has been commenced with 2 phases this year and intend to start the implementation of “New Ulaanbaatar-Green Capital City” program. These programs are driven from the mandatory demand and needs to dramatically change efforts made for creating favorable and healthy living environment for the capital city’s residents. Approximately 18 trillion MNT (13 billion US dollars) of funding are projected and forecasted to be spent only for “Smokeless Ulaanbaatar” program.Prime Minister of Mongolia is leading the steering committees of “Smokeless Ulaanbaatar” and “Housing of the Ger areas” programs which proves that the Parliament and the Cabinet concerns about the importance of the Ulaanbaatar City’s development issue.Several partial and general housing plans for Ger areas have already been developed by the Construction and Urban Development Planning Department of the Municipality.In addition to these development initiatives, 26 projects announced by the Mongolian Government as its priority investment projects. There are a number of projects that is related to Ulaanbaatar city development, such as building Power Station #5; renovation of Ulaanbaatar City’s auto roads, Student Campus etc. This again proves the scope and amplitude of urban development initiatives.Exchanging land for housing operation to reduce the emission harm began this year. For this purpose, Ulaanbaatar City shall finance the low rise rental housing construction from the municipality budget. Citizens may exchange their land for housing and live in rental housing until their housing is built and be ready for them to move in. In this case they are obliged to release the rental housing for other citizens who exchanged their land for the same purpose.There are many migrants coming to the city. Consequently, new residency zones have to be identified in suburban regions and build new housing districts.16.5 billion MNT (11.9 million US dollars) shall be invested in 2010 to enhance, renovate and expand the flood protection dams, create food and commodity reserves for residents in order to provide safe, healthy, clean and comfortable living environment for the citizens.In recent years, a number of vehicles considerably increased in Ulaanbaatar City. An average annual growth of transportation vehicles is about percent. 143 thousand vehicles were counted in 2009 during the state transportation vehicles inventory. But length of the auto road network has not been increased and auto traffic congestion has increased causing anger, despair and stress for citizens. Thus, Traffic Management Center has been established to prudently facilitate and manage this situation based on scientific rationale. The Center will operate for 24 hours to eradicate any violations and enforce accountability for drivers through investigating and disclosing the state registration number and identity of owners of vehicles that violated traffic rules and speeding limits.The state and the municipality will spend total of 201 billion MNT (144.9 million US dollars) for investment projects, activities and construction works with the terms of “build-operate-transfer”.Mayor of the City implements his action plan through coordinating with the Mongolian Cabinet’s Action Plan, and establishing collaboration memorandum or cooperation agreements with line ministries in 2009 in order to better utilize the state administrative organizations’ efforts, funding and impacts for developing and implementing urban development policies.berlin
20Ulaanbaatar city development Density of Ulaanbaatar City
21Ulaanbaatar City Development Air pollutionroad network
23Улаанбаатар хотын хөгжил The Road NetworkIn recent years, a number of vehicles considerably increased in Ulaanbaatar City. An average annual growth of transportation vehicles is about percent. 243 thousand vehicles were counted in 2012 during the state transportation vehicles inventory. But length of the auto road network has not been increased sufficiently and auto traffic congestion has increased causing anger, despair and stress for citizens. Thus, Traffic Management Center has been established to prudently facilitate and manage this situation based on scientific rationale.
24Ulaanbaatar City Development Public transportation project/BRT/-planning
25Ulaanbaatar City Development METRO PROJECTУлаанбаатар хотод метро барьж байгуулах маршрут, төлөвлөлтийн схем
26Ger Area PlanningThere are three types of Ger areas, namely Central, Middle, and Peri –Urban Ger areas.
27Ulaanbaatar City Development Ger Area Planningcenrtal ger areasMiddle ger areasPeri-Urban ger areas
28Ulaanbaatar City Development Ger areasUlaanbaatar City is facing a population explosion from rapid rural-urban migration threatening government and international efforts to sustainably manage the city's growth and development. While the Cities Alliance-funded City Development Strategy for Ulaanbaatar injected vision into the Master Plan 2020 preparations and leveraged significant follow-up investments, the supporting legal and administrative framework to manage urban growth and development nevertheless remained firmly rooted in traditional urban design and regulatory approaches.