Presentation on theme: "T/F Only humans can use insight to solve problems. T/F Crying is an early form of language. T/F “Street smarts” are a sign of intelligence. T/F Creative."— Presentation transcript:
T/F Only humans can use insight to solve problems. T/F Crying is an early form of language. T/F “Street smarts” are a sign of intelligence. T/F Creative people are highly intelligent. T/F Highly intelligent people are creative.
Intelligence: (Person's capacity to) Acquire knowledge (i.e. learn and understand) Apply knowledge (solve problems) Engage in abstract reasoning. Intelligence Quotient: (IQ) The score you get on an intelligence test. Originally, it was a quotient (a ratio)- IQ= MA/CA x 100 [MA is mental age, CA is chronological age]. Today, scores are calibrated against norms of actual population scores.
The ability to profit from experience, acquire knowledge, think abstractly, act purposefully, or adapt to changes in the environment. Psychometrics: Measurement of mental abilities, traits, and processes IQ TEST: MA (Mental Age) is what your score would be for a general age on average, scoring the average score for a 12 year old when you are 7 would give you a MA of 12. Stanford-Binet WAIS (Weshler Adult Intelligence Scale) WISC (Weshler Intelligence Scale for Children) Problems with Bias of IQ test
Formal reasoning problems: All information needed to solve is right there. Deductive reasoning: Conclusion follows necessarily from certain premises. If the premises are true, the conclusion must be true. Inductive reasoning: The premises provide support for a conclusion. It is still possible for the conclusion to be false.
Spearman’s Two-Factor Theory Thurstone’s Multiple Factor Theory Cattell's Two-Factor Theory Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences
g (general intelligence): Involved in any task requiring cognitive activity. s (specific intelligence): Specific knowledge and abilities that are only used when performing specific tasks.
Primary mental abilities are independent of each other. His seven primary mental abilities are: spatial visualizationsword fluency verbal meaningmemory number facilityperceptual Speed Reasoning
Crystallized intelligence: Includes abilities such as reasoning and verbal and numerical skills. Fluid intelligence: Skills such as spatial and visual imagery, the ability to notice visual details, and rote memory.
Componential: The ability to acquire new knowledge and solve problems effectively. Experiential: The ability to adapt creatively in new situations. Contextual: The ability to select contexts in which you can excel.
logical-mathematical linguistic body-kinesthetic spatial musical interpersonal intrapersonal
identical twinsfraternal twins fingerprints.97.46 height.93.65 IQ (Binet).88.63 IQ (Otis).92.62 word meaning.86.56 nature study.77.55 history and literature.82.67 spelling.87.73
Intelligence has a very powerful genetic component.
IQ group....... less than 7575 to 9090 to 110110 to 125125 and higher % of total population 5% 20%50%20%5% % of group out of labor force more than one month out of the year 22%19%15%14%10% % of group unemployed more than one month out of the year (men) 12%10%7% 2% % of group divorced within five years 21%22%23%15%9% % of group that had illegitimate children (women) 32%17%8%4%2% % of group that lives in poverty 30%16%6%3%2% % of group ever incarcerated (men) 7% 3%1%0% % of group that are chronic welfare recipients (mothers) 31%17%8%2%0% % of group that drop out of high school55%35%6%0.4%0%