Presentation on theme: "Location- where something is located in a space. Absolute Location: is a places point on a globe or a map. (i.e. Latitude and Longitude) Relative Location:"— Presentation transcript:
Location- where something is located in a space. Absolute Location: is a places point on a globe or a map. (i.e. Latitude and Longitude) Relative Location: is the places location compared to another place.
Place-What is it like? A place is described by both its physical and/or human characteristics
Region- physical features, human characteristics, or both in common Possible regions: Language regions Mountain regions Desert regions Cotton Belts
Movement-when people,goods, and ideas move from one place to another. People migrate to places Push and pull theory- what encourages people to go to a place or leave one? (poverty, overcrowding, political oppression, education)
Human –Environment Interaction Human environment interaction occurs because humans depend on, adapt and modify the world around them. Building Houses, planting crops and building roads are examples of human environment interaction
1. Pay Taxes Pay for the benefits and services that citizens receive from the government (income tax, social security tax, property tax, medicare tax, etc.)
2. Cast an Informed Vote Citizens should learn about candidates and issues to make informed decisions when they vote.
3. Serve on Juries Serve on juries to decide court cases (jury duty)
4. Serve in the Military May need to serve in defense of your country
5. Volunteer for Activities that Promote the Common Good Work to protect the environment, support communities, and help the underprivileged.
4. Entrepreneur a person who assumes the risks of starting a new business
-Businesses make the decisions based on supply & Demand -Higher quality of goods & services -Limited government interference -Used in the US 4. Free Enterprise/Market Economy
Primary- prepares and processes raw materials Secondary- Creates new products out of raw materials 4. Primary and Secondary Industry
Limited Government = Limited Power by the citizens Unlimited Government= Unlimited Power (these two are just the basics of what you need to know) 4. Limited and Unlimited Government
4. Culture groups shared beliefs, customs and language
4. Cultural Traits Language Style of Shelter Religion Food
(primary sources are materials created by people who lived during historical events. They include letters, diaries, photographs…etc) 4. Primary Source
4. Secondary Source A textbook is an example of a secondary source
4. Democracy Democracy is a form of government that allows people to participate in the proposal, development, and creation of laws.form of government laws Citizens cannot exercise their individual rights at the expense of others
Executive (Enacts the laws) Legislative (Makes the laws) Judicial (Interprets (explains) the laws) 5. Three Branches of Government
(We limit the power of our government to prevent this) Tyranny
6. The United States has a federal republic with democratic traditions.
1 st 10 amendments to the constitution Guarantees protections of citizens rights Defines powers given to the states 7. Bill of Rights
8. Checks and Balances Powers each branch has that allows them to check up on the other branches
9. Declaration of Independence Document written by Thomas Jefferson that announced the colonists freedom from Great Britain “We hold these truths to be self evident that all men are created equal..” –Opening line of the D of I
10. George Washington Commander of the Army during Revolution Defeated the British/English Army
During the 1770s, the colonists were upset about all of the taxes Great Britain was placing on them without their consent 11.
12. Reasons for colonization Many colonists fled Europe to escape punishment, to gain religious freedom, preserve culture, and to find new opportunities for a better life.
13. Colonies Economies Southern Colonies- Tobacco New England Colonies- Shipbuilding Middle Colonies- Grain
14. Native Americans Helped early colonists in America by teaching them farming skills
British taxed colonists on sugar and molasses coming into the colonies from other places British imposed taxes upon all paper products and stamped the item once the tax had been played. under the law, colonists had to provide housing, candles, bedding, and beverages to British soldiers stationed in the colonies. Sugar Act Stamp Act Quartering Act 15.
Citizens under 18 Fulfill a part of their civic duties by attending school
Geographer Studies how location influences the way people live
All societies have: –Government –Religion –Family –Economic System –Language
Lack of oil in US We trade with oil producing countries of our shortage of oil
Mechanization Reason why there are fewer farms and farmers now in the US
Economist Studies the production and exchange of goods and services
Traditional Societies Closely linked to the natural environment