Presentation on theme: "Module 3 Art Criticism and Aesthetic Judgment Based on the book, Art Talk by Rosalin Ragans Henri Matisse. Purple Robe and Anemones. 1937. Oil on canvas."— Presentation transcript:
Module 3 Art Criticism and Aesthetic Judgment Based on the book, Art Talk by Rosalin Ragans Henri Matisse. Purple Robe and Anemones. 1937. Oil on canvas. 28 ¼ x 23 ¼” The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland. The Cone Collection., formed by Dr. Claribel Cone and Miss Elita Cone of Baltimore, Maryland.
Lesson One: In this lesson we will learn how to critique a work of art. Art Criticism: Learning from a Work of Art Words to Learn –Criteria Standards of judgment –Aesthetics The philosophy or study of the nature and value of art –Art criticism An organized approach for studying a work of art
Why study art criticism? Art criticism is a sequential approach for looking at and talking about art. Art will mean something different to every viewer based on his/her life experiences. Learning art criticism will help you interpret works of art. This will make your aesthetic experience, or your personal interaction with a work of art more meaningful and more memorable.
The steps of Art Criticism Description –The facts of the art work The subject line The subject, objects and details The elements of art used in the work Analysis –Discovering how the principles of art are used to organize the art elements Alma Thomas. Iris, Tulips, Jonquils, and Crocuses. 1969. Acrylic on canvas. 60 x 50”. The National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, D.C. Gift of Wallace and Wilhemina Holiday.
The steps of Art Criticism Interpretation –Explain or tell the meaning of a work of art Your interpretation must be based on the visual facts and clues you collected during your first two steps. Your interpretation can be based on your feelings, but your feelings must be backed up by observation of what you actually see in the artwork. Jose Clemente Orozco. Barricade. 1931. Oil on canvas. 55 x 45”. The Museum of Modern Art, New york, New York. Given Anonymously. Estate of Jose Clemente Orozco/SOMAAP. Mexico/ Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY.
The steps of Art Criticism Judgment –Determining the degree of artistic merit You make the decision as to whether or not the artwork is successful –Decide if you like the work –Based on an aesthetic theory, decide whether or not the work is successful »A work might be very successful aesthetically, but you might not want to live with it. Leo Twiggs, Blue Wall, 1969 - Batik and paint on cotton mounted on board - 22 x 29 3/8 inches (frame) Collection of the artist
Art Criticism Example Claude Monet The Stroll, Camille Monet and Her Son Jean 1875
Lesson Two Aesthetics: Thinking About a Work of Art –Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and value of art –Instead of being called “beautiful” a good work is “successful” –Not all successful work is beautiful!
Aesthetic Theories and the Quality of Art The aesthetic qualities that are discussed most often by aestheticians (specialists in aesthetics) are the literal qualities, the design qualities, and the expressive qualities. The literal qualities are the realistic qualities that appear in the subject of the work
Aesthetic Qualities The design qualities are how well the work is organized –Is it balanced? –Does it have rhythm? –Is there variety? –Is the work unified?
Aesthetic Qualities Expressive Qualities are those that convey ideas and moods. –Look at the content of the work –Does it evoke emotion?
Imitationalism Focusing on the realistic representation of the art: does it look like something you would see in real life? Tourists 1970 Duane Hanson
Formalism Formalists place an emphasis on the design qualities: the arrangement of the elements of art. Piet Mondrian Composition with Grey and Light Brown 1918
Emotionalism Emotionalists require that a work of art must evoke a response of feelings, a change of mood, or emotion. The Scream Edward Munch
Functionalism Functionalists examine the purpose of the object: does it function properly? Courtesy of Harvard Magazine
The objects in this work are easy to recognize-trees, mountains, and night sky-but the colors are not what you might expect. Why do you think the artist used these colors? What does he appear to be saying? Ernest Ludwig Kirchner. Winter Landscape in Moonlight. 1919. Oil on Canvas. 47 ½” x 47 ½”. The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan.
Art History: Learning About a Work of Art You can develop your appreciation for a work of art by gathering information about the artist and the time period in which the work was created. This is a four-step approach. The four steps make up art history operations.
Art History Operations Description: When, where and by whom was the work done? Analysis: What is the style of the work and can the work be associated with an art movement? Interpretation: How did time and place affect the artist’s style, in terms of subject matter, composition, and content? Judgment: Is the work considered to be significant in the history of art?
Individual Style Individual style is the artist’s personal way of using the elements and principles of art to express feelings and ideas. Man Striding 1960 A depiction of Giacometti’s long forms and irregular, rough surfaces.