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11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca1 Minimalist Educational Materials for Distance Delivery Ken McKee - BEd, BSc, PTC Northern Alberta Institute of Technology.

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Presentation on theme: "11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca1 Minimalist Educational Materials for Distance Delivery Ken McKee - BEd, BSc, PTC Northern Alberta Institute of Technology."— Presentation transcript:

1 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca1 Minimalist Educational Materials for Distance Delivery Ken McKee - BEd, BSc, PTC Northern Alberta Institute of Technology www.GetToThePoint.ca

2 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca2 Minimalism / Education I hear, I forget I see, I remember I do, I understand ~Confuscious Education should be useful. If it is not, what is it? ~Whitehead

3 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca3 Overview Traditional delivery problems Distance delivery problems How does Learning occur? What is Education? What is Minimalism? Minimalist Solutions

4 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca4 Traditional Delivery Problems Books –Too thick –Not directly applicable Students –Very busy with time restraints –Dont, wont, cant read Technology –More time requirements –Different platforms

5 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca5 Problems with Traditional Delivery Teachers –Lecture –Control concerns –Class size, ability levels, interest –Content applicability

6 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca6 Distant Delivery Problems Materials make or break technology solutions No teacher in sight Technology to overcome Texts too thick, where do I look? Questions via email can be numerous

7 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca7 What is Education? Education is the acquisition of the art of the utilization of knowledge ~Whitehead "Develop the best pedagogy you can. See how well you can do. Then analyze the nature of what you did that worked." ~ Jerome Bruner

8 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca8 Who decides what is usable? Students should experience the joy of discovery and understand the application here and now in the circumstances of his/her life. ~Whitehead Appreciation by use The external connections of the subject drag thought outwards

9 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca9 Ideas, which are not utilized, are positively harmful (inert) ~Whitehead

10 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca10 The problem of keeping knowledge alive, of preventing it from becoming inert, is the central problem of all education. ~Whitehead

11 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca11 Education is the evocation of curiosity, of judgment, of the power of mastering a complicated tangle of circumstances, the use of theory in giving foresight in special cases

12 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca12 Romance Stage of Education First stage of apprehension Appreciation of connections Education must essentially be a setting in order of a ferment already stirring in the mind

13 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca13 Precision Stage of Education Represents an addition to knowledge Analyzing the facts, bit by bit

14 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca14 Generalization Stage of Education Return to romanticism with the added advantage of classified ideas and relevant technique

15 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca15 What is Minimalism? Brevity of materials www.GetToThePoint.ca Materials that work and work well Self paced Applicable

16 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca16 Minimalist Solutions Create the best applied materials you can Work as if you were a student Test the materials with students Questions indicate areas to adjust Rework, test materials again Could students write an introduction at end of chapter? Rework, test, rework, test

17 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca17 Minimalist Strategies All learning tasks should be meaningful and self contained Learners should be given realistic projects ASAP Instructions permit self-directed reasoning and improvising Increase the number of active learning activities

18 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca18 Minimalist Strategies Training materials and activities should provide for error recognition and recovery Close linkage between the training and the actual system (job) Minimize instructional materials which obstruct learning

19 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca19 Applying Minimalist Principals Action centered tasks Focus on what user needs Omit long introductions Omit repetition and verbiage Exploit what user already knows Rely on users to think and improvise

20 References Carroll, J.M. 1990. The Nurnberg Funnel Carroll, J.M. 1998. Minimalism Beyond the Nurnberg Funnel Eiler, M.A. 1997. Minimalism and Documentation Downsizing Reddish, J. 1999. A Practical Guide to Useability Testing Reddish, J. 1999. Building usability into your documentation, Interfaces and websites Whitehead, A.N. 1929. The Aims of Education

21 11/5/2013www.GetToThePoint.ca21 Minimalist Websites and Links Minimalism (J. Carroll): http://tip.psychology.org/carroll.html http://dabcc- www.nmsu.edu/bis/comtec/RC/carroll/ http://tip.psychology.org/carroll.html http://dabcc- www.nmsu.edu/bis/comtec/RC/carroll/ Minimalism and Documentation: http://english.ttu.edu/kairos/3.1/reviews/eiler/mini mal.html http://english.ttu.edu/kairos/3.1/reviews/eiler/mini mal.html Cognitive Approaches to Instructional Design: http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~bwilson/training.html http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~bwilson/training.html Achieving Minimalism Through Interactive Multimedia: http://www.stc.org/51stConf/sessionMaterial/data Show.asp?ID=137 http://www.stc.org/51stConf/sessionMaterial/data Show.asp?ID=137 Technical Writers of India (TWIN): http://www.twin-india.org/Minimalism.html http://www.twin-india.org/Minimalism.html Usability Testing: http://www.usability.gov http://stcsig.org/usability http://www.usability.gov http://stcsig.org/usability


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