3 Maritime or Atlantic Provinces Atlantic Canada - Easternmost provinces of Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward IslandCod fishing - mainstay of region’s economyThe Grand Banks – Shallow waters in the Atlantic, rich source of fish.
4 Core Provinces Ontario and Quebec Two-thirds of Canada's population lives in this region.Settled along the St. Lawrence River and the Great LakesOntario - strongly BritishQuebec - 80% of the population of French origin.
5 Prairie Provinces Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. Wheat, petroleum, and coalNewly discovered “shale oil”reserves may be larger than theMiddle East.
6 Western ProvincesCentered in Vancouver, British Columbia, at the mouth of the Fraser River.Home to more than ½ of the province's populationthe region's main industrial, administrative, financial, and cultural center.Shares many of the same characteristics as the Pacific Northwest of the U.S.
7 Northern Territories Sparsely populated Nickel, copper, and uranium mined and exported from the area.Forestry and pulp manufacture
9 Major Regions of the United States NortheastMidwest/Rust BeltSouthGreat PlainsWestern InteriorPacific WestAlaskaHawaii
10 (tertiary, quaternary sectors) Northeast StatesMaine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and the District of ColumbiaHistoryLongest history of European settlementGateway to immigrantsHub of industrial revolutionEconomicsRural areas are agricultural (primary sector)Urban areas are major world economic centers(tertiary, quaternary sectors)CulturalVery diverse, large population – many ethnic groups & languagesMention: Refugees & Terrorism
11 Midwest /Rust Belt States Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and IowaHistoryOnce the “Western Frontier”, hence the name.Known as a manufacturing, blue-collar hub of the U.S.Why “rust belt”?EconomicsFormerly mining and manufacturing center(primary and secondary sector)Recent decline in industry and depressed economyDairy in WisconsinCulturalLarge cities, declining urban populationPost Industrial Economy
12 Southern States History North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Virginia, W. Virginia, Kentucky, and LouisianaHistorySettled as an agricultural region, with slavery and cash cropsSignificant in US Civil War ( ) and Civil Rights Movement (1960’s)EconomicsAgriculture, industry, tourismMoving from primary to secondary and tertiary economic sectorsCulturalLarge African-American populationStrongly ChristianCulture still tied to Civil War
13 Great Plains Historical Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota, OklahomaHistoricalStaging point of war between the Native Americans and the American settlers.Also used for cattle grazing and cattle drivesCities founded as railroad hubs for cattle.EconomicsAgriculture – farming and cattle (Primary sector)Region makes enough food to feed whole worldCulturalMainly rural – lots of small towns, fewer cities
14 Western Interior States New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, TexasHistoryMining towns, Outlaws (Wild West)Cattle/Sheep Grazing, Reservation LandsLas Vegas and Reno- Gambling townsCulturalLow population densityLarge Hispanic population, as well as Native Americans
15 Pacific West States California, Oregon, Washington History Population grew during the 1840’s “Gold Rush”.Grew again when irrigation and canals brought water to dry areas for farming.EconomicsMining and ranching, primary sectorTourism, tertiary sectorHigh-tech centers in San Francisco and Seattle areas, quaternary sectorEntertainment and media in Southern CaliforniaCulturePresently, about one-seventh of the United States population lives in southern California.Rapidly increasing urban population, due to high birth rate and immigrationLarge Hispanic populationHome of the Hipster
16 HistoryAlaska was purchased from Russian Empire in 1867, for $7.2 million, became a territory in 1912, and the 49th state of the U.S. in 1959.EconomyOil, mining, and forestryCultureLarge Native American and Asian populationsAlaskaNative populations in Polar North America
17 HawaiiHistoryHawaii was an independent republic from 1894 until 1898, then annexed by USA.Attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan on December 7, Became a state in 1959.EconomyTourism, fishing and agricultureCultureLarge Native and Asian populations