Presentation on theme: "ITU Focal Point for Emergency Telecommunications"— Presentation transcript:
1 ITU Focal Point for Emergency Telecommunications The Critical Role of Emergency Telecommunications in Disaster Mitigation Symposium on Multi-Hazard EWS for Integrated Disaster Reduction Geneva May, 2006Dr. Cosmas L. ZavazavaHEAD, LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, SMALL ISLANDS &ITU Focal Point for Emergency Telecommunications
2 Telecommunication standardization - network and service aspects WHO WE ARE190 Member States700 Sector MembersITUHelping the World CommunicateITU-DAssisting implementation and operation of telecommunications in developing countriesITU-TTelecommunication standardization - network and service aspectsITU-RRadiocommunication standardization and global radio spectrum management
3 MULTI-HAZARD NATURE OF EMERGENCY TELECOMMUNICATIONS
4 Aftermath of a volcanic eruption in Ecuador, 2002
6 Earthquake in Kashmir, 200554,000 people dead, 72,000 injured, 3 million rendered homeless.Infrastructure and telecommunication services affected (road network, electricity, water supply)67 main and transit telecom exchanges were destroyed.Rehabilitation and reconstruction cost of the telecom exchanges is about USD 30 million.
17 National and Regional (Technology Issues) ICT should be high on the national development agendaICT should provide a link for all citizensIntroduce low-cost, affordable ICT/telecommunication technologiesFocus on Community based approaches rather than households (universal access rather than universal service)
18 National & Regional (Regulatory issues) Licensing issuesFrequency managementInterconnection agreementsCross-border movement of telecommunications equipment
19 National & Regional (Policy issues) Technology policyStimulating theeconomy by fostering innovationand technological developmentIndustrial policyShaping industrial structurestimulating structural change,supporting competitiveness=Growth and employmentICT policyNeeds to redefinesectoral policies,boundaries, institutionsand regulationsTo include disastermitigation methodsMedia policyDefining the frameworkfor provision of electronicmedia content (audio and visual sector)that include disaster risk reductionTelecommunicationpolicyCreating and shaping resilienttransmission infrastructure (provisionof communication services)
20 International Improved coordination Adoption of appropriate treaties such as the Tampere ConventionOpen standards that can help interoperability of networks and prioritization of callsMulti-stakeholder partnershipsThe “Tampere Hall” inTampere Finland, where theTreaty on TelecommunicationFor Disaster Mitigation and ReliefWas signed on 18 June 1998.