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Dr. Murali G. Ranjitkar Visiting fellow, NASC. Environment Management Its an attempt to control human impact on and interaction with the environment in.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. Murali G. Ranjitkar Visiting fellow, NASC. Environment Management Its an attempt to control human impact on and interaction with the environment in."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. Murali G. Ranjitkar Visiting fellow, NASC

2 Environment Management Its an attempt to control human impact on and interaction with the environment in order to preserve natural resources Environmental management focuses on the improvement of human welfare for present and future generation

3 Environment Management Administrative functions that develop, implement and monitor the environmental policy of an organization Optimal utilization of the finite resources between different possible uses. Environmental criteria and economic considerations demand that such an allocation be efficient. (protection from degradation & protection for scarce and diminishing resources)

4 Environment Management Perspectives on the Environmental Challenge Examples of Environmental Aspects & Impacts Three Key Environmental Issues Environment-related Provisions General and Sect oral Acts Importance of Environmental management

5 Environment Management As such Protection of nature Pragmatic resource conservation Moral and aesthetic nature preservation Environment and development

6 Integrated Environment Management(IEM) Concept and principles of IEM Goals of IEM Benefits of IEM Participants in IEM Comparison TMA & IEMA Principles and process of IEM

7 Perspectives on the Environmental Challenge

8 Examples of Environmental Aspects & Impacts

9 Three Key Environmental Issues  The world’s population continues to grow  The United Nations estimates that world population with grow from 5.8 billion to 9.4 billion by 2050  Global demand for food, water and other natural resources is rising  Currently, most natural systems are under stress  The earth’s climate is changing  Evidence exists that a significant amount of the increase in temperature since the industrial revolution is caused by human economic activity

10 Environment-related Provisions General and Sectoral Acts Environment Protection Act and Rules 1997 Forest Act 1983 Water Resource Act 1992 Vehicle and Transport Management Act 1992 Industrial Enterprises Act 1992 Local Self Government Act 1992 Electricity Act 1992 Pesticides Act 1991

11 Importance of Environmental management Improve management of environmental impacts Set targets to reduce energy use, water use & waste to landfill Initiate and maintain procedures to improve efficiencies Define key responsibilities for achieving targets Monitor and measure environmental performance against key indicators Regularly assess progress towards achieving set objectives Ensure due diligence and ongoing consideration of legal and other environmental requirements

12 Concept and principles of IEM As a philosophy, IEM prescribes a code of practice for ensuring that environmental consideration are fully integrated into all stages of the development process in order to achieve a desirable balance between environment concern and development Ecological complexity and interdependency of human and nature

13 Concept and principles of IEM Functionally- IEM is management oriented approach to control environment disruption amidst the process of sustainable development All action taken during project planning, implementation, and maintenance It should be insure that non of their consequences are overlooked or underestimated

14 Concept and principles of IME Sustainable and equitable development is combined with sound environment practice for healthy environment Sustains people and nature Provide protection for our unique resources Result in an enhance quality of life for all

15 Goals of IEM Objectives of IEM is Ensure that development does not compromise environmental sustainability, health and safety and does not endanger natural and cultural resources Ensure that the environmental consequences of the development proposals are understood and adequately considered in the planning, implementation and management of all development programmes

16 Goals of IEM Establish a framework of cooperation between the government organization, the public sector, the private sector and the public so that sustainable development can take place Stimulate responsible and justifiable decision making and action, and creative thinking in the planning and initial design stage

17 Goals of IEM Guide the development process by implementing and encouraging the collection of objective information and reliable data with respect to environment related aspects and ensuring that it can be easily understood by all interested and affected parties in the development Resolve or lessen any negative environmental impact and to enhance positive aspects of development proposals

18 Benefit of IME Improved land productivity Efficient water management Biodiversity conservation Conservation of natural resources Enhance environment protection Improve productivity and activities based on sustainable development

19 Participation in IEM The community Non governmental institutions Industries Local government

20 Comparison between TMA and IEMA SectorTNAIEMA GoalEconomic growth higher productivity and profit shareholders wealth Sustainability and quality of life stakeholders welfare ValuesAnthropocentric, patriarchal values, rationality and packaged knowledge Centered around sustainable development concern Egalitarian and democratic values Intuition and understanding ProductsDesigned for function style and price Wasteful packaging Design with concern for the environment Environment friendly packaging Production systemEnergy and resource intensive Technical efficiency Low and efficient energy and resource use Environmental efficiency

21 Comparison between TMA and IEMA OrganizationTop-down decision making Centralized authority Participatory decision making Decentralised authority EnvironmentDomination over nature Environment manage as resource Pollution and waste are external to the project Harmony with nature Resource regarded as strictly finite Pollution and waste elimination management ParticipationOwner, Manager, Worker Community, Institution, Industries, Local state and union government bodies, politician law maker etc Business functionMarketing aims at increasing consumption Finance aims at short term profit maximization Accounting focuses on conventional cost Human resource management aims at increasing labour productivity Marketing for consumers education Finance aims at long term sustainable growth Accounting focuses on environmental cost as well Human resource management aims to make work meaningful and safe and improve the quality of life

22 Principles and Process of IEM Principles Pro-active planning Informed decision making An open and participatory approach A broad understanding of the term environment Accountability

23 Process of IEM Development and assessment of the proposal Decision on whether to accept the development project proposal or not Implementation of projects

24 Major principles for implementation of IEM Environment and economic integration Maintenance of biological diversity and conservation of natural resources Precaution, prevention and evaluate of human effects on environment Cooperation, partnership and participation of communities Educate, training and awareness generation of people

25 Thank you

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