Presentation on theme: "MODULE 1 RBM Planning Senad Ploco. Policy Cycle Policy Formulation Project Implementation Management and Control Political weight Phase Problem Recognition."— Presentation transcript:
Policy Cycle Policy Formulation Project Implementation Management and Control Political weight Phase Problem Recognition
Planning is a continuous and structured process, which involves making decisions or choices about alternative ways of using available (water) resources with the aim of achieving particular goals at some time in the future. Plan (government) is a publicly accessible output of any planning activity or process with general external or internal binding and with a repeatable use for the time horizon given. Plannig
What does ‘integrated’ mean in IRBM? ICZM Training, Georgetown XI/1999 I - 2 - 4 Mining companies Water supply company NGOs Sea defence Institutional integrationSectoral integration Scientific integration EngineeringEconomy Natural sciences Social sciences Agriculture Spatial integration International National Regional Local
Types of planning Strategic planning Informative Indirect binding Long term National Top-down Integrated Operational planning Legally binding Direct binding Short term River basin Bottom-up Sector
Functions of the plan Fundamental inventory and documentation mechanism Environmental objectives Info on quality and quantity Info on water status and human impacts and pressures Legitimacy and public participation Co-ordination of the Programme of Measures Co-ordination of different plan levels Co-ordination with other natural resources management Reporting of RBD to European Commission Time horizon first plan: 6 years
Planning issues Complexity Timing and time scales Acceding countries International river issues Interdependency of sub-activities Inflexibility Process approach versus end-product approach Public participation Toolbox and data availability Capacity building
Key planning principles principle of sustainable development (intergenerational equity); principle of integration (a comprehensive analysis of natural, socio-economic and administrative-institutional features referring to the river basin); precautionary principle (including cost-effective actions to prevent potential irreversibly damages to the environment); “polluter pays” principle (the costs of prevention should not be imposed on society as a whole); transparency principle (planning and management decisions are to be made with full public participation).
River Basin Management Plan (Annex VII) – SUMMARY !!! 1.Identification of River Basin District 2.Characteristics of River Basin District 3.Summary of significant pressures and impacts human activity 4.Identification and mapping of protected areas 5.Map of monitoring networks 6.List of environmental objectives 7.Summary of economic analysis 8.Summary of Programme of Measures 9.Register of more detailed programmes including summary 10.Summary of public information and consultation on measures and results 11.List of competent authorities 12.Contact points and procedures for obtaining background info and comments from the public
Implementation phase Information and consultation of the public Active involvement of interested parties Implementation of the Programme of Measures Monitoring Evaluation Revision
River Basin Districts (WFD: art. 2-3) Definition of River Basin Districts Delination of geographical area including (several) river basins and aquifers (Sub)Basin, Basin, District (International) Aquifer and coastal areas included Different modalities Appoint administrative authority to these districts Indicate arrangements for international river basins and aquifers
Characteristics of River Basin District (art. 5 ) General characterization Register of protected areas Identification of human pressures and impacts Economic analysis of water use
Characterization Categorisation Typology Water body delineation Reference conditions for surface waters (next slide) System A (2 ambition levels) Very good status: nearly undisturbed Good status: slight shortfall System B (2 ambition levels) Maximum ecological potential Good ecological potential
Reference conditions System A: very good status: nearly undisturbed Reference data Models Paleo data Expert opinions System B: maximum ecological potential (water body type that is most similar to the uninfluenced body of surface water). Hydro-morphologic restriction (part of the sewer system) Economic derogation (practicability)
Protected areas They require special protection under EU legislation Drinking water resources Economically significant aquatic species Recreational waters Nutrient sensitive areas Species habitat protection areas Other areas indicated by other directives, conventions,...
Economic analysis Economic analysis on present water uses Baseline scenario economic development Assessment of cost recovery and water services pricing Cost effectiveness of measures Completing knowledge gaps Identification of significant water issues
Human impacts and pressures Human pressures on water bodies Surface and groundwater Expected impacts Risk assessment (for failing environmental objectives) Identification of water bodies at risk Monitoring system
Environmental objectives (art. 4) for surface water bodies Prevention of deterioration Restore good surface water status Restore good ecological potential for HMW Implement measures (a.o) Reduction priority substances pollution Cessation priority hazardous substances
Environmental objectives (art. 4) for ground water Prevention of groundwater pollution Restoration of groundwater bodies Balance between abstraction and recharge
Monitoring of surface,groundwater, transitional and coastal waters (art. 8) Objectives To establish a coherent and comprehensive overview of water status within each river basin district. Risk assessment Evaluation of measures Modalities Surveillance monitoring: long-term changes for all biological, hymo and phisico-chemical parameters Operational monitoring: changes of water bodies „at risk” resulting from PoM Investigative: for more detailed analysis
Gap analysis Assessment of current status Comparison with environmental objectives Analysis of status Benchmarks Indicators Formulation of main significant issues Subject to public participation
Programme of Measures (art. 11) Water quality and quantity of surface and groundwater Existing EU obligations Required by other regulations or directives e.g. hazardous substances, drinking water quality and more stringent than EWFD Basic measures: package to reach good quality in 2015 (next slide) Supplementary (extra) measures (next slide) Additional measures (through international agreements)
Basic Measures Extension of sensitive or vulnerable areas (zoning) Reporting and authorisation Water use and discharge permit system Resources protection areas Discharge control enforcement System of charges and pricing Mechanisms for co-ordination Infrastructure development or adaptation
Supplementary measures Codes of good practices System of benchmarks Voluntary agreements Awareness creation campaigns Economic and tax instruments Advisory programmes to sectors Agriculture, industry etc.