Presentation on theme: "ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 1 Preparation of the Alpine Space II programme 2007-2013 First results of the SWOT analysis Alpine Space Summit –"— Presentation transcript:
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 1 Preparation of the Alpine Space II programme 2007-2013 First results of the SWOT analysis Alpine Space Summit – June 19th-20th,Stresa INGEROP – URBAN PLANNING INSTITUTE OF THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 2 1 - General frame of the SWOT analysis The Strength / weaknesses – Opportunities / threats analysis (SWOT) has been required by the European Commission to prepare the next generation of transnational programmes 2006 – 2013 The SWOT is the first step for defining strategy and priorities for the programme and afterward a matching set of indicators enabling to follow up the programme.
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 3 1- General frame of the SWOT analysis The SWOT method applied to the Alpine Space has a number of characteristics: a strategy building tool Unlike a full length diagnosis, it is a rather short document enabling to set a synthesis of a wide range of information encompassing different scales and sector aspects of the cooperation area. Its items enable to draw the main relevant issues of the cooperation area and are a direct input to formulate the strategy and the priorities. a capital of knowledge The inputs of the SWOT are among others the former operational programme, the prospective study, the mid term evaluation, the transnational projects carried out, ESPON studies etc.
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 4 1- General frame of the SWOT analysis a participative bottom –up method It enables different Alpine stakeholders to express their point of view over the Alpine Space. This upstream association of stakeholders (notably through national consultations) is aimed at producing a shared analysis of the Alpine Space, which is a prerequisite for shared strategy and priorities. The point is to enable Alpine stakeholders to consider the Alpine Space programme as a practical development tool taking into account their preoccupations and matching with their projects.
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 5 1- General frame of the SWOT analysis also a top – down approach It identifies the different relevant aspects of the cooperation area according to European strategies or frames. To that purpose an “inventory SWOT” has been set and put the Alpine Space in the perspective of the Lisbon strategy, the Gothenburg strategy and spatial cohesion (according to a frame set by ESPON).
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 6 1- General frame of the SWOT analysis The risk of such a method might be its subjectivity and its synthetic approach. Subjectivity can be reduced through the consultation of different stakeholders and through a progressive process based on exchanges and reactions among a reasonable wide set of actors. The SWOT is completed with a more quantitative analysis based on ESPON studies.
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 7 2 - A first inventory SWOT A first inventory SWOT has been set in order to analyse the Alpine Space through the categories of the main European strategies : Lisbon strategy : growth, employment and competitivity, Gothenburg strategy : sustainable development, Territorial cohesion : ESPON frame.
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 8 2 - A first inventory SWOT Basis for sustainable growth Economic assets territorial balance of growth Environmental sustainability Social sustainability and human capital Economic infrastructures and resources Transports Energy Natural resources (water, landscapes etc.) Basis for a knowledge economy Education Knowledge infrastructures Human capital Research and innovation research centres networking Insertion in a global economy
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 9 2 - A first inventory SWOT Gothenburg strategy Climate change and clean energy Public health Social exclusion, demography, migration
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 10 2 - A first inventory SWOT Territorial efficiency Inter-regional integration Efficient and polycentric urban system Development of city-networks and medium cities Compact city form, reduction of sprawl General accessibility Sustainable transport: share of public transport and absence of congestion Quality of transport and communication services Resource efficiency: consumption of energy, land, water etc. Reduction of technological and environmental risk
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 11 2 - A first inventory SWOT Territorial quality Conservation and creative management of natural resources Access to services of general interest Quality of life and working conditions Reduction of interregional income disparities Cooperation between city and countryside Territorial identity Conservation and creative management of cultural heritage Development of region-specific know-how and knowledge Development of territorial "vocations" and "visions"
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 12 3 – Main issues raised through the SWOT A second version of the SWOT has been produced according to the following categories : Growth, competitiveness and innovation, Territorial structure, Accessibility and mobility, Environment, resources and risks.
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 13 3.1 Growth, competitiveness and innovation Strengths Strong and diverse economy Metropolitan areas (“growth engines”)+ network of cities Specific productive cultures Environment as a key productive factor Universities and research centres (public and private) Weaknesses Weaknesses in some sectors Small scale territorial discrepancies Mobility and environmental impacts of growth Opportunities Basis for innovation (PPP, competitivity clusters, know how…) Tourism diversification Threats Specific threats for some sectors (industry or tourism) Competition between agriculture and tourism
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 14 3.2 Territorial structure Strengths Central location in Europe Strong metropolitan areas and dense network of medium and small cities Small scale city networks Traditionally compact cities Successful core areas Weaknesses Distinction between prosperous areas (northern and southern parts of the AS) and not so rich areas (central and eastern parts) Small scale territorial discrepancies (remote areas, rural areas, tourist resorts etc.) Lack of city networks at wide scale Opportunities Development of networks (transports, ICT) Wider city networks Threats Increasing discrepancies at small scale Gaps in the urban hierarchy Abandonment of some remote rural areas Urban sprawl
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 15 3.3 Accessibility and mobility Strengths Good level of accessibility within Europe Good regional transport systems Weaknesses Links between major metropolitan areas Accessibility within the Alpine core is unequal (remoteness) Growth of transports through road and individual means Impacts of transports, especially in some transit areas Opportunities Mass transport systems for freight Innovative transport solutions Threats Costs of congestion (economical, environmental, social) Little incentive for growth of further transport investments
ALPINE SPACE II - SWOT analysis slide 16 3.4 Environment, resources and risks Strengths Rich natural and cultural resources (landscapes etc.) Abundant resources (e.g. water) Renewable energies Rather low general exposition to natural hazards Weaknesses Conflicts of use (water, land consumption…) Natural hazards in specific areas (valleys, mountain core) Protection : how much and how large ? Opportunities Valorisation of heritage Development of renewable energies Threats Diminishing diversity Pressure or inefficient use of resources Climate change (water, natural hazards etc.)