Presentation on theme: "Learning Target: I can trace the development of the women’s movement between 1953-1973."— Presentation transcript:
Learning Target: I can trace the development of the women’s movement between 1953-1973.
Proof of having worked with an adult – this Wednesday (March 5)! 2 copies of the final – next Monday (March 10) – no lates!
Post WWII, many men come home & retake jobs that were held by women. Women who keep working = suspicious. White women = 60c for every $1; non-white = 42c. Avg. age for marriage was 20 – ideal was to be a homemaker (home appliances!) & community member. Increased rates of work blamed for alcoholism and increases in teen crime & pregnancy. Life could feel boring.
Like Civil Rights, many hoped for more than he delivered when he came into office. Separate job lists for men & women. Some states = no women on juries, husbands can demand sex and keep wife’s wages. JFK has no women in the Cabinet, but appoints Eleanor Roosevelt to lead Commission on Women. 1963: The Feminine Mystique 1963: Equal Pay Act (doesn’t cover all workers)
1964 Civil Rights Act ◦ Many angered that the gov’t doesn’t enforce it & some see themselves “losing” to African Americans (future feminist movements try to avoid putting non-white women in either/or position). Many women see LBJ as too unresponsive so he forms the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Increasingly, women call for more than job choice and equal pay – now call for policies benefitting women generally (ex: both abortion rights and high-quality childcare).
The peak of the movement – there was a flurry of legislation, but little actual enforcement. National Organization for Women (NOW) formed in ‘66, but becomes national name in Nixon era. ◦ Goals: push the gov’t to enforce legislation & pass an Equal Rights Amendment Education Act of 1972 & Roe v. Wade (1973) Some movement forward: Shirley Chisholm + 1 st female Army general Nixon creates Task Force to recruit women into high-level government positions Increasing split between New Left & Women’s Movement