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Singapore Last updated: December 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Singapore Last updated: December 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Singapore Last updated: December 2014

2 CONTENT Basic socio-demographic indicators
HIV prevalence and epidemiology Risk behaviors Vulnerability and HIV knowledge HIV expenditure National response

3 BASIC SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS
Total population (in thousands) 5,517 (2014) 4 Annual population growth rate 1.8 (2014) 4 Population aged (thousands) 2,732 (2010) 5 Percentage of population in urban areas 100 (2013) 3 Crude birth rate (births per 1,000 population) 10.1 (2012) 3 Under-5 mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 3 (2012) 2 Human development index (HDI) - Rank/Value 9/0.901 (2013) 1 Life expectancy at birth (years) 82.3 (2013) 1 Adult literacy rate (%) 95.9 ( ) 1 Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%) N/A GDP per capita (PPP, $US) 55,182 (2013) 3 Per capita total health expenditure (Int.$) 2,556 (2011) 2 Sources: Prepared by based on 1. UNDP. (2014). Human Development Report 2014 Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience; 2. WHO. (2014). World Health Statistics 2014; 3. World Bank. World Data Bank: World Development Indicators & Global Development Finance. Retrieved October, 2014, from h​t​t​p​:​/​/​d​a​t​a​b​a​n​k​.​w​o​r​l​d​b​a​n​k​.​o​r​g​; 4. UN Population Division. (2013). World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision - Extended Dataset; and 5. UN Population Division. (2011). World Population Prospects The 2010 Revision.

4 HIV prevalence and epidemiology
Last updated: December 2014

5 Annual reported number of HIV cases by gender, 2000-2013
Source: Prepared by based on Ministry of Health Singapore website at https://www.moh.gov.sg/content/moh_web/home/statistics/infectiousDiseasesStatistics/HIV_Stats/update-on-the-hiv-aids-situation-in-singapore html

6 Reported HIV cases by mode of transmission, 1985-2013
Source: Prepared by based on Ministry of Health Singapore website at https://www.moh.gov.sg/content/moh_web/home/statistics/infectiousDiseasesStatistics/HIV_Stats/update-on-the-hiv-aids-situation-in-singapore html

7 Key population size estimates
Year of estimate People who inject drugs 10,000-20,000 2004 Men who have sex with men 90,000 2011 Source: Prepared by based on 1. Aceijas, C., Stimson, G. V., Hickman, M., et al. (2004). Global Overview of Injecting Drug Use and HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users. AIDS, 18(17), ; and 2. Mok, P. (2011). Sex Between Men in Your City.

8 HIV prevalence among key populations, 2009-2013
Source: Prepared by based on 1)Ministry of Health Singapore. (2010). UNGASS Country Progress Report: Singapore; 2) Ministry of Health Singapore. (2012). Singapore Global AIDS Response Progress Report, 2012; 3) Chan, R., Chio, M., Lim, S., Poh, K., Tan, A., Loh, B., & Foong, J. (2013). Outreach HIV Testing Project in Venues Frequented by Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) – August 2013 – October ; 4) Singapore Global AIDS Response Progress Reporting 2014; and 5)

9 HIV prevalence among MSM who frequented venues, 2007-2013
Source: Prepared by based on Chan, R., Chio, M., Lim, S., Poh, K., Tan, A., Loh, B., & Foong, J. (2013). Outreach HIV Testing Project in Venues Frequented by Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) – August 2013 – October 2013.

10 HIV prevalence among MSM by venue type, 2007-2013
Source: Prepared by based on Chan, R., Chio, M., Lim, S., Poh, K., Tan, A., Loh, B., & Foong, J. (2013). Outreach HIV Testing Project in Venues Frequented by Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) – August 2013 – October 2013.

11 Risk behaviours

12 Proportion of key populations reported condom use at last sex, 2007-2013
Source: Prepared by based on 1. Ministry of Health Singapore. (2010). UNGASS Country Progress Report: Singapore; 2. Ministry of Health Singapore. (2012). Singapore Global AIDS Response Progress Report, 2012; 3. Singapore Global AIDS Response Progress Reporting 2014; and 4.

13 Proportion of MSM reported consistent condom use in the last 6 months by type of partner, 2010-2013
Source: Prepared by based on Chan, R., Chio, M., Lim, S., Lo, D., Tan, A., Wong, J., & Loh, B. (2013). Outreach HIV Testing Project in Venues Frequented by MSM – November 2011 to February 2012; and Chan, R., Chio, M., Lim, S., Poh, K., Tan, A., Loh, B., & Foong, J. (2013). Outreach HIV Testing Project in Venues Frequented by Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) – August 2013 – October 2013.

14 Proportion of adults (15-49) years who reported having more than one sexual partner in the last 12 months and reported condom use at last sex, 2007 Source: Prepared by based on

15 Vulnerability and HIV knowledge

16 Proportion of surveyed population (18-69) who know that HIV infected person can still look healthy by gender and age group, 2007 Source: Prepared by based on Ministry of Health Singapore (2008). National Behavioural Surveillance Survey (NBSS) on HIV/AIDS among the General Population 2007.

17 Proportion of surveyed population (18-69) who are willing to share a meal with an HIV infected person by gender and age group, 2007 Source: Prepared by based on Ministry of Health Singapore (2008). National Behavioural Surveillance Survey (NBSS) on HIV/AIDS among the General Population 2007.

18 HIV expenditure

19 Domestic public funding, 2007-2011
Source: Prepared by based on

20 AIDS spending by category, 2009-2011
Source: Prepared by based on

21 National response

22 Proportion of key populations who received an HIV test in the last 12 months and know their results, Source: Prepared by based on 1. Ministry of Health Singapore. (2010). UNGASS Country Progress Report: Singapore; 2. Ministry of Health Singapore. (2012). Singapore Global AIDS Response Progress Report, 2012; and 3.

23 Percent distribution by history of last HIV test among MSM, 2007-2013
Source: Prepared by based on Chan, R., Chio, M., Lim, S., Poh, K., Tan, A., Loh, B., & Foong, J. (2013). Outreach HIV Testing Project in Venues Frequented by Men who have Sex with Mem (MSM) – August 2013 – October 2013.

24 Number of health facilities that offer ART, 2008 - 2011
Source: Prepared by based on 1. Ministry of Health Singapore. (2010). UNGASS Country Progress Report: Singapore; and 2. Ministry of Health Singapore. (2012). Singapore Global AIDS Response Progress Report, 2012.

25 • 9 HIV-positive pregnant women received ARV for PMTCT
Spectrum of engagement in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), 2013 • 9 HIV-positive pregnant women received ARV for PMTCT • 10 infants born to HIV-positive women received ARV prophylaxis to reduce early mother-to-child transmission • 10 infants received an HIV test within 2 months of birth Source: Prepared by based on Singapore Global AIDS Response Progress Reporting 2014

26 Punitive laws hindering the HIV response in Singapore
Sources: Prepared by based on UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, and UNODC. (2013). Punitive Laws Hindering the HIV Response in Asia and the Pacific in June 2013

27 slides compiled by www.aidsdatahub.org
THANK YOU slides compiled by Data shown in this slide set are comprehensive to the extent they are available from country reports. Please inform us if you know of sources where more recent data can be used. Please acknowledge if slides are lifted directly from this site


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