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1 Consumer Goods https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

2 Robert Bosch GmbH - Consumer goods and power tools 1 Bosch caters to the areas of consumer goods and building technology with its power tool, thermotechnology, and security systems, as well as with its home appliance|household appliances business within the BSH Bosch and Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH joint venture. In the US, power tools are provided by the Robert Bosch Tool Corporation based in Mt. Prospect, Illinois. http://hoovers.com/free/search/simple/xmillion/inde x.xhtml?query_string=Bosch+Toolswhich=compan ypage=1search_x=28search_y=12 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

3 Robert Bosch GmbH - Consumer goods and power tools 1 With its brands Bosch, Hawera, Skil, Dremel, RotoZip, Freud, Vermont American, and many more, Bosch is one of the largest manufacturer of portable power tools worldwide https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

4 Robert Bosch GmbH - Consumer goods and power tools 1 Bosch is the largest European manufacturer of thermotechnology (heating units, etc.) with its subsidiary BBT Thermotechnik GmbH. It had revenues of €2.8billion in 2006. Its brands include Bosch, Buderus, Junkers, Dakon, e.l.m leblanc S.A., Florida Heat Pump (FHP), Geminox, IVT, Nefit, Sieger, Vulcano and Worcester Bosch Group|Worcester. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

5 Consumer goods 1 Consumer goods are goods that are ultimately consumed rather than used in the production of another good https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

6 Consumer goods 1 When used in measures of national income and output, the term final goods only includes new goods. For instance, the Gross domestic product|GDP excludes items counted in an earlier year to prevent Double counting (accounting)|double counting of production based on resales of the same item second and third hand. In this context the economic definition of goods includes what are commonly known as service (economics)|services. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

7 Consumer goods 1 Manufactured goods are goods that have been processed in any way. As such, they are the opposite of raw materials, but include intermediate goods as well as final goods. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

8 Consumer goods - Classification 1 There are legal definitions. For example, The United States Consumer Product Safety Act has an extensive definition of 'consumer product', which begins: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

9 Consumer goods - Classification 1 CONSUMER PRODUCT.--The term ‘‘consumer product’’ means any article, or component part thereof, produced or distributed (i) for sale to a consumer for use in or around a permanent or temporary household or residence, a school, in recreation, or otherwise, or (ii) for the personal use, consumption or enjoyment of a consumer in or around a permanent or temporary household or residence, a school, in recreation, or otherwise; but such term does not include— https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

10 Consumer goods - Classification 1 (A) any article which is not customarily produced or distributed for sale to, or use or consumption by, or enjoyment of, a consumer, https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

11 Consumer goods - Classification 1 It then goes on to list eight additional specific exclusions and further details.http://www.cpsc.gov/businfo/cpsa.p df https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

12 Consumer goods - By durability 1 Consumer durable goods usually have a significant life span which tends to be a minimum of 1 year based on guarantee or warranty period and maximum life depends upon the durability of the product or good https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

13 Consumer goods - By durability 1 Consumer nondurable goods are purchased either for the immediate use or to keep it for very short span of time. Generally the life span of nondurable goods may vary from a few minutes to up to three years. Few examples of such goods are food, beverages, clothing, shoes, and gasoline. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

14 Consumer goods - By durability 1 Consumer services are the intangible in nature: they cannot be seen, felt or tasted by the consumer but still they give satisfaction to the consumer. They are also inseparable and variable in nature which means they are produced and consumed simultaneously. Examples of consumer services include haircuts, auto repairs, landscaping, etc. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

15 Consumer goods - By consumer's buying habits 1 Final goods can be classified into the following categories, which are determined by the consumer's buying habits: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

16 Consumer goods - Convenience goods 1 Convenience goods are goods which are easily available to consumer, without any extra effort are convenience goods. Generally convenience goods come in the category of nondurable goods such as fast foods, cigarettes and tobacco with low value. Convenience goods are mostly sold by wholesalers or retailers, so as to make them available to the consumers in good or large volume. Convenience goods can further be categorized into: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

17 Consumer goods - Convenience goods 1 *Staple convenience consumer goods https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

18 Consumer goods - Convenience goods 1 Staple convenience consumer goods are those kinds of goods which come under the basic necessities of the consumer. These goods are easily available and in large quantity. Examples include milk, bread, sugar, etc. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

19 Consumer goods - Convenience goods 1 Impulse convenience consumer goods are the goods which do not belong to the priority list of the consumer. These goods are purchased without any prior planning just on the basis of the impulse are called impulse convenience goods. Examples include potato wafers, candies, ice creams, cold drinks, etc. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

20 Consumer goods - Shopping consumer goods 1 Consumer goods companies usually try to set up their shops and show rooms in active shopping area to attract customer attention and their main focus is to do lots of advertising and promotion so that to attract more customer. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

21 Consumer goods - Shopping consumer goods 1 Example include clothing items, televisions, radio, footwear, home furnishing, etc. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

22 Consumer goods - Specialty consumer goods 1 Specialty goods are unique in nature; these are unusual and luxurious items available in the market https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

23 Consumer goods - Unsought consumer goods 1 Unsought goods neither belong to the necessity group of consumer goods list nor to specialty goods. They are always available in the market but are purchased by very few consumers, either based on their interest or their need for some specific reasons. The general public does not purchase such goods often. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

24 Consumer goods - Unsought consumer goods 1 Examples include snowshoes, fire extinguishers, flood insurance, etc. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

25 Fast moving consumer goods 1 'Fast-Moving Consumer Goods' ('FMCG') or 'Consumer Packaged Goods' ('CPG') are products that are sold quickly and at relatively low cost https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

26 Fast moving consumer goods 1 Fast-moving consumer electronics are a type of FMCG and are typically low priced generic or easily substitutable consumer electronics, including mobile phones, Portable media player|MP3 players, Handheld video game|game players, and digital cameras which are of disposable nature. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

27 Fast moving consumer goods 1 Global leaders in the FMCG segment include Johnson Johnson, Colgate-Palmolive, Anheuser-Busch InBev, Henkel, Kellogg's, S.C. Johnson, Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Beiersdorf, Mars Inc., Heinz, Nestlé, Reckitt Benckiser, Unilever, Procter Gamble, L'Oréal, The Coca-Cola Company, General Mills Inc., PepsiCo, Mondelēz and Kraft Foods.http://www.mandmglobal.com/commun ity/blog/12-04-27/The-FMCG-landscape-an- infographic.aspx https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

28 Fast moving consumer goods - Scope 1 The term FMCGs refers to those retail goods that are generally replaced or fully used up over a short period of days, weeks, or months, and within one year. This contrasts with durable goods or major appliances such as kitchen appliances,which are generally replaced over a period of several years. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

29 Fast moving consumer goods - Scope 1 FMCG have a short shelf life, either as a result of high consumer demand or because the product deteriorates rapidly https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

30 Fast moving consumer goods - Scope 1 ** Low involvement (little or no effort to choose the item – products with strong brand loyalty are exceptions to this rule) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

31 Fast moving consumer goods - ISIC definition 1 The retail market for FMCGs includes businesses in the following International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) (Revision 3) categories, p.2, p.3-4 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

32 Fast moving consumer goods - ISIC definition 1 * ISIC 5231 retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetic and toilet articles https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

33 Fast moving consumer goods - ISIC definition 1 * ISIC 5251 retail sale via mail order houses https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

34 Fast moving consumer goods - ISIC definition 1 * 1543 cocoa, chocolate and sugar confectionery https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

35 Fast moving consumer goods - ISIC definition 1 * 1544 macaroni, noodles, couscous https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

36 Fast moving consumer goods - ISIC definition 1 * 2102 corrugated paper, containers https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

37 Fast moving consumer goods - ISIC definition 1 * 2424 soap and detergents, cleaning preparations, perfumes. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

38 The Consumer Goods 1 The Consumer Goods appeared on the Winnipeg-based Grumpy Cloud Records. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

39 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 Many of the Consumer Goods' songs refer to contemporary and historical politics and culture. For example: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

40 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * the famous U.S. supreme court case of Roe V. Wade is used as a backdrop to the amusing pro-choice anthem Rovie Wade https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

41 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * Canadian Conservative hockey pundit Don Cherry (ice hockey)|Don Cherry is the central character in satirical pop anthem Hockey Night in Afghanada https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

42 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * Malcolm X's speech about violent and non-violent revolution is featured on Christmas in Camden https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

43 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * Winnipeg mayor Sam Katz is mocked for his repressive civic record in And The Final Word is Yours, Sam Katz https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

44 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * the 1898 invasion of Cuba by the United States in the Spanish-American War, and subsequent imperialist domination of the island until 1959, is referenced in Gunboat Diplomacy https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

45 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * The Terminator Rules is a reference to Arnold Schwarzenegger, the Hollywood actor who played the role of The Terminator in the 1990s and who now holds the office of California Governor - the song references his aggressive policies towards undocumented foreign workers in that state. The song refers to the trailer park Duroville.http://radio3.cbc.ca/programs/po dcast.aspx?podcast=5episode=1400 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

46 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * Mao Zedong's aphorism Revolution is no tea party is featured on the track of the same name https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

47 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * a speech by Dick Cheney is appropriated and edited in a mocking tribute to Cheney, George W. Bush, Colin Powell, and Donald Rumsfeld in Eat a Dick, Cheney https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

48 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * the phrase camels coming home to roost on London Bombs refers either to Ward Churchill's controversial essay On the Justice of Roosting Chickens or Malcolm X's commentary on the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

49 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * commentary on the Devil's Lake (North Dakota)#Issues and controversies|Devil's Lake outlet controversy and criticism of Premier of Manitoba Gary Doer on Good Thing (for Bourgeois Nationalism) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

50 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * the 2006 Israeli invasion of Lebanon is the subject of Lebanong Song https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

51 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * Winston Churchill's unfortunate description of Iraq as an ungrateful volcano when Iraqis refused to comply with British subjugation after the First World War is the subject of the song of the same name https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

52 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * the gradual demise of the Montréal Expos on C'est la Vie Westerne https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

53 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * the story of the ill-fated Taiping Rebellion is articulated on the track Taiping Riverboat https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

54 The Consumer Goods - Political and cultural references 1 * author of the U.S. Patriot Act, John Ashcroft, is skewered in Happy Bidet (Let The Balled Eagle Soar) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

55 The Consumer Goods - Band members 1 The only permanent member of The Consumer Goods was Tyler Shipley. Other members of the band included: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

56 The Consumer Goods - Band members 1 * Ryan McVeigh (also the producer) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

57 The Consumer Goods - Discography 1 * Sentinel Road, Tyler Shipley solo record, Grumpy Cloud Records, 2010. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

58 The Consumer Goods - Discography 1 * The Anti-Imperial Cabaret, Grumpy Cloud Records, 2008 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

59 The Consumer Goods - Discography 1 * Happy Bidet, Grumpy Cloud Records, 2007 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

60 Counterfeit - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 The spread of counterfeit goods (commonly called knockoffs) has become global in recent years and the range of goods subject to infringement has increased significantly https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

61 Counterfeit - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 In a detailed breakdown of the counterfeit goods industry, the total loss faced by countries around the world is $600 billion, with the United States facing the most economic impact. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

62 Counterfeit - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 When calculating counterfeit products, current estimates place the global losses at $400 billion https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

63 Counterfeit - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 Some see the rise in counterfeiting of goods as being related to globalization https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

64 Counterfeit - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 Certain final good|consumer goods, especially very expensive or desirable brands or those that are easy to reproduce cheaply, have become frequent and common targets of counterfeiting https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

65 Counterfeit - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 Most counterfeit goods are produced and manufactured in China, making it the counterfeit capital of the world https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

66 Counterfeit - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 In the United States, a federal crackdown on counterfeit imports is driving an increase in domestic output of fake merchandise, according to investigators and industry executives https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

67 Counterfeit - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 A number of companies involved in the development of anti-counterfeiting and brand protection solutions have come together to form special industry-wide and global organisations dedicated to combating the so-called brand pirates https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

68 Counterfeit - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 To try to avoid this, companies may have the various parts of an item manufactured in independent factories and then limit the supply of certain distinguishing parts to the factory that performs the final assembly to the exact number required for the number of items to be assembled (or as near to that number as is practicable) and/or may require the factory to account for every part used and to return any unused, faulty or damaged parts https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

69 Mockup - Consumer goods 1 Mockups are used in the consumer goods industry as part of the product development process, where dimensions, human factors, overall impression, and commercial art are tested in marketing research. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

70 Industrial Revolution - Clothing and consumer goods 1 Consumers benefited from falling prices for clothing and household articles such as cast iron cooking utensils, and in the following decades, stoves for cooking and space heating. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

71 Wisconsin - Consumer goods 1 Wisconsin is a major producer of paper, packaging, and other consumer goods. Major consumer products companies based in the state include SC Johnson Co., and Diversey Inc., Wisconsin also ranks first nationwide in the production of paper products; the lower Fox River from Lake Winnebago to Green Bay (Lake Michigan)|Green Bay has 24 paper mills along its stretch. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

72 Wisconsin - Consumer goods 1 The development and manufacture of health care devices and software is a growing sector of the state's economy, with key players such as GE Healthcare, Epic Systems, and TomoTherapy. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

73 Delivery (commerce) - Consumer goods delivery 1 Most consumer goods are delivered from a point of production (factory or farm) through one or more points of storage (warehouses) to a point of sale (retail store), where the consumer buys the good and is responsible for its transportation to point of consumption https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

74 List of companies of Hong Kong - Consumer goods 1 * Group Sense PDA, consumer electronics https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

75 List of companies of Hong Kong - Consumer goods 1 * Vita Green, health and beauty products https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

76 List of Israeli inventions and discoveries - Consumer goods and appliances 1 * Epilator (originally Epilady) – an electrical device used to remove hair by mechanically grasping multiple hairs simultaneously and pulling them out. It was developed and originally manufactured at Kibbutz HaGoshrim.[http://www.mako.co.il/women- magazine/diva/Article- f59708410f7e021006.htm גאווה נשית: המצאות ישראליות שעושות לנו כבוד]http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L- 2621280,00.html https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

77 List of Israeli inventions and discoveries - Consumer goods and appliances 1 *Wonder Pot – a pot developed for baking on the stovetop rather than in an oven.Roast in the Wonder Pot, The Kosher For Pesach Cookbook (1978). Jerusalem:Yeshivat Aish HaTorah Women's Organization, p. 58. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

78 List of Israeli inventions and discoveries - Consumer goods and appliances 1 * Artificial gills (human)#Like-A- Fish|Artificial gills – a theoretical special diving system not yet in production, currently being developed by the Israeli company Like-A-Fish Technologies, it produces oxygen from water, making oxygen tanks unnecessary.[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/sci /tech/4665624.stm BBC NEWS | Science Environment | Inventor develops 'artificial gills'] https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

79 Capital goods - Differences between capital and consumer goods 1 Some of the capital goods can be used in both production of consumer goods or production ones, such as machinery for production of dump trucks. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

80 Capital goods - Differences between capital and consumer goods 1 It is generally considered that the consumption is the logical result of all economic activity, but but it is also obvious that the level of the future consumption depends on the future capital stock, and this in turn depends on the current level of production in the capital-goods sector. Hence if there is a desire to increase the consumption, the output of the capital goods should be maximized. EconomicJournal. Mar66, Vol. 76 Issue 301, p70-83. 14p. 1 Graph. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

81 List of companies of Peru - Consumer goods 1 * Agroindustrial Casa Grande https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

82 List of companies of Peru - Consumer goods 1 * Enrique Cassinelli and Sons https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

83 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union 1 Group B was 'Soviet consumer goods' (final goods used for Consumption (economics)|consumption), including food, clothing and shoes, houses|housing, and such heavy-industry products as appliances and fuels that are used by individual consumers https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

84 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - The consumer industry and Soviet economic development 1 Following the Bolshevik Revolution|October Revolution of 1917, the economy of the Soviet Union, previously largely agrarian, was rapidly Industrialization|industrialized https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

85 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Introduction of consumer goods 1 The 17th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)|Party Congress of February 1934 bolstered the calls for improvement of both quantity and quality in food products and other consumer goods https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

86 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Introduction of consumer goods 1 By granting all citizens access to larger variety of consumer goods, views of consumer goods shifted from representative of the elite and therefore despised to being desired by all citizens https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

87 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Introduction of consumer goods 1 The government used consumer items as legitimate awards to honor comrades whose work contributed to the building of socialism. However, the culturalization of society legitimized the formerly despised bourgeois concerns about status and possession, and the practice of giving special goods to a subset of the population also created a new social hierarchy which received special privileges. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

88 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Distribution and supply 1 In the early 1930s, the closed distribution system was the primary method of consumer goods distribution https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

89 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Distribution and supply 1 Rationing was regarded as the default option during this time period https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

90 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Distribution and supply 1 At the same time, there were three other legal alternatives to closed distribution stores: commercial stores, Torgsin stores and Kolkhoz markets. All had higher prices than the closed distribution stores. Since the state controlled all of these distribution methods, it could exercise a distribution monopoly. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

91 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Distribution and supply 1 In May 1936, a law was passed that slightly improved the supply of consumer goods by legalizing individual practice of trades such as cobbling, cabinetmaking, carpentry, dressmaking, hairdressing, laundering, locksmithing, photography, plumbing, tailoring, and upholstery ndash; it slightly improved the shortage of consumer goods https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

92 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Distribution and supply 1 The State also set up Torgsin stores that sold scarce goods in exchange for foreign currency, gold, silver and other valuables. The purpose of these stores was to expand Soviet hard currency reserves so that the country could import more equipment for the industrialization drive. Since these goods were scare, consumers viewed them as treasure and selling them was a huge sacrifice. Prices were kept low to entice people to participate in the Torgsin stores. These stores ran from 1930 to 1936. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

93 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Distribution and supply 1 From 1929, the State ran commercial stores that functioned outside the rationing system. Goods were sold for higher prices than in the closed distribution stores, two to four times as much. The goods sold were regarded as higher quality than goods sold by the closed distribution stores. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

94 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Distribution and supply 1 At the end of 1933, the first department store, called the Central Department Store, opened in Moscow. It ran until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 as part of the commercial store network. The end of the first rationing period and the abolition of the closed distribution system in 1935 caused the commercial store network to expand. In January 1935, there were five department stores open in the USSR. A year later, fifteen more department stores had opened. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

95 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Foreign influence 1 The import of foreign goods was extremely limited during the 1930s. The official slogan was There is much to be learned from the example of the advanced capitalist countries in the field of consumer goods. Small amounts of foreign goods were imported, studied, and then copied. These Soviet versions of foreign consumer goods were distributed through consumption channels. The State did not directly import large quantities of consumer goods. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

96 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Foreign influence 1 During the Soviet-Nazi pact period (1939ndash;41) the Soviet citizens' primary interaction with the outside world was with the newly occupied borderlands of Finland, the Baltic States, Bessarabia, and Poland https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

97 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Consumers goods in the 1980s 1 From the planners' viewpoint, it was necessary to balance the output of consumer goods and services with the population's income. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

98 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Consumers goods in the 1980s 1 Soviet planners fought a constant battle for the consumer goods balance throughout the Soviet era. After World War II, they kept wages under better control, and increased the output of consumer goods. By the end of the Soviet era, however, they were plagued by what they perceived as a substantial and growing monetary overhang, which took the form of supply shortages. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

99 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Consumers goods in the 1980s 1 After the industrial stagnation in the 1970s and early 1980s (see Economy of the Soviet Union#Economic development|Soviet economic development), planners expected that consumer industries would assume a more prominent role in Soviet production beginning with the Twelfth Five-Year Plan (Soviet Union)|Twelfth Five-Year Plan https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

100 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - The processes and goals of consumer production 1 Therefore, the Twelfth Five-Year Plan called for a 5.4% rise in nonfood consumer goods and a 5.4% to 7% rise in consumer services https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

101 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - The processes and goals of consumer production 1 Consumer goods targeted included radios, televisions, sewing machines, washing machines, refrigerators, paper, and knitting|knitwear https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

102 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Consumer supply in the 1980s 1 In the 1980s shortages continued in basic consumer items, even in major population centers. Such goods occasionally Rationing in the Soviet Union|were rationed in major cities well into the 1980s. Besides the built-in shortages caused by planning priorities, shoddy production of consumer goods limited actual supply. Poor work practices such as shturmovshchina were partly to blame for quality problems. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

103 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Consumer supply in the 1980s 1 Analyzing shortages in Soviet Union showed very uneven distribution among the population https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

104 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Consumer supply in the 1980s 1 While it was often possible to buy meat, milk and most kinds of produce on farmers markets (), the prices there were typically two to four times higher than in state stores and the availability was highly seasonal. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

105 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Consumer supply in the 1980s 1 During the 1980s, the wide availability of consumer electronics products in the West demonstrated a new phase of the Soviet Union's inability to compete, especially because Soviet consumers were becoming more aware of what they were missing https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

106 Consumer goods in the Soviet Union - Consumer supply in the 1980s 1 Non-rationed foods and non-food consumer goods had virtually disappeared from state owned stores https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

107 Fast-moving consumer goods 1 'Fast-moving consumer goods' ('FMCG') or 'consumer packaged goods' ('CPG') are products that are sold quickly and at relatively low cost https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

108 List of companies of South Africa - Consumer goods 1 * Union Carriage Wagon https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

109 Counterfeiting - Counterfeiting of consumer goods 1 Most counterfeit goods are produced and manufactured in China, making it the counterfeit capital of the world https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

110 Bourse des Valeurs Mobilières de Tunis - Consumer goods 1 *Société l'Accumulateur Tunisien https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

111 Bourse des Valeurs Mobilières de Tunis - Consumer goods 1 *Société Générale Industrielle de Filtration https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

112 Bourse des Valeurs Mobilières de Tunis - Consumer goods 1 *Société Tunisienne des Industries de Pneumatiques https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

113 Blister pack - Consumer goods 1 Other types of blister packs consist of carded packaging where goods such as toys, hardware, and electrical items are contained between a specially made paperboard card and clear pre-formed plastic such as Polyvinyl chloride|PVC https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

114 Marc Newson - Consumer goods 1 * Lockheed Lounge (designed in 1986 shortly after he graduated from school and one of the items that established Newson as a designer) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

115 Marc Newson - Consumer goods 1 * Furniture for Cappellini https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

116 Marc Newson - Consumer goods 1 * A Magnum Presentation Set for Dom Pérignon (wine)|Dom Perignon in 2006Style and Spirits and 2010 Black Box https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

117 List of companies of Ireland - Consumer goods 1 * Cantrell and Cochrane CC - (Quoted on Irish Stock Exchange|ISE London Stock Exchange|LSE) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

118 List of companies of Ireland - Consumer goods 1 * Condensed Milk Company of Ireland - ceased in 1974, subsumed into Kerry Group https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

119 List of companies of Ireland - Consumer goods 1 * EDUN - fashion brand to encourage trade with Africa https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

120 List of companies of Ireland - Consumer goods 1 * Fyffes - (Banana Importers) - (Quoted on Irish Stock Exchange|ISE London Stock Exchange|LSE) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

121 List of companies of Ireland - Consumer goods 1 * Glanbia - (Quoted on Irish Stock Exchange|ISE London Stock Exchange|LSE) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

122 List of companies of Ireland - Consumer goods 1 * Greencore - (Quoted on Irish Stock Exchange|ISE London Stock Exchange|LSE) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

123 List of companies of Ireland - Consumer goods 1 * Guinness - (Part of Diageo) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

124 List of companies of Ireland - Consumer goods 1 * Kerry Group - (Quoted on Irish Stock Exchange|ISE) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

125 List of companies of Ireland - Consumer goods 1 * Tipperary Natural Mineral Water - Irish brand of mineral water, part of the Gleeson Group https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

126 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Aigo, consumer electronics https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

127 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Bolisi, hair care products https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

128 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Brilliance Auto ( 華晨中國汽車控股 有限公司 ), automobiles https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

129 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * BYD Auto, automobile, bus, etc. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

130 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Chang'an Automobile Group, state-owned automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

131 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Changhe, automobiles https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

132 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Chery|Chery Automobile, automobiles https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

133 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Dongfeng Motors, state- owned automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

134 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * First Automobile Works, state-owned automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

135 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 ** FAW Tianjin, automobiles https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

136 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Geely, automobiles https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

137 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Haier, consumer electronics https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

138 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Hangzhou Wahaha Group, beverages, based in Hangzhou (Zhejiang|Zhejiang province) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

139 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Huiyuan Juice Group, privately owned juice and beverage https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

140 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Jiangling Motors, automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

141 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Little Sheep Group ( 小肥羊公司 ), restaurants, condiments https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

142 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Mengniu, dairy products, ice cream https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

143 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Nanjing Automobile, state- owned automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

144 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Panda Electronics, consumer electronics https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

145 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Pearl River Piano Group, pianos https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

146 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * SAIC Motor, automobiles https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

147 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 ** Shanghai GM, joint venture with General Motors Company https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

148 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Suzhou Synta Optical Technology, telescopes and other optical devices, subsidiary of Synta Technology Corporation of Taiwan https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

149 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * SVA Group, electronics https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

150 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * TCL Corporation, consumer electronics https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

151 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Yahorng, home audio https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

152 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * Yili Group, dairy and ice- cream https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

153 Lists of Chinese companies - Consumer goods 1 * ZX Auto ( 中兴汽车 ), automobiles https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

154 Energy policy of the European Union - Consumer goods 1 A further area of energy policy has been in the area of consumer goods, where European Union energy label|energy labels were introduced to encourage consumers to purchase more energy- efficient appliances. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

155 List of companies of the Netherlands - Consumer goods 1 * Douwe Egberts, formerly part of Sara Lee Corporation|Sara Lee https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

156 List of companies of the Netherlands - Consumer goods 1 * Numico, now part of Groupe Danone https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

157 List of companies of the Netherlands - Consumer goods 1 * Spyker Cars, automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

158 List of companies of the Netherlands - Consumer goods 1 * LandFighter, automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

159 List of companies of the Netherlands - Consumer goods 1 * Trust (electronics company)|Trust Computer Products https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

160 List of companies of the Netherlands - Consumer goods 1 * Unilever (Anglo-Dutch) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

161 List of companies of Indonesia - Consumer goods 1 * Megatech (Indonesian company)|Megatech, automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

162 List of companies of Indonesia - Consumer goods 1 * Unilever Indonesia, food, personal care products https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

163 List of companies of Costa Rica - Consumer goods 1 * Cacique Guaro, liqueur https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

164 List of companies of the Dominican Republic - Consumer goods 1 * Barceló (rum)|Barceló Export Import, distilled beverages https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

165 List of companies of the Dominican Republic - Consumer goods 1 * Bermúdez (rum)|J. Armando Bermúdez Co., distilled beverages https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

166 List of companies of Madagascar - Consumer goods 1 * Karenjy, automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

167 List of Austrian companies - Consumer goods 1 * Agrana, sugar, starch, fruit (fruit juice concentrates fruit preparation) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

168 List of Austrian companies - Consumer goods 1 * AKG Acoustics, professional audio, headphones https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

169 List of Austrian companies - Consumer goods 1 * Augarten porcelain https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

170 List of Austrian companies - Consumer goods 1 * Kores (company)|Kores, school supplies https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

171 List of Austrian companies - Consumer goods 1 * ÖAF, automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

172 List of Austrian companies - Consumer goods 1 * Swarovski, jewelry and optical instruments https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

173 List of Austrian companies - Consumer goods 1 * TushekSpigel Supercars, super sport cars https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

174 List of companies of Mauritius - Consumer goods 1 * Phoenix Beverages, largest brewery in Mauritius https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

175 List of companies of New Zealand - Consumer goods 1 * Canterbury of New Zealand, sports clothing https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

176 List of companies of New Zealand - Consumer goods 1 * Fonterra|Fonterra Co- operative Group, dairy https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

177 List of Moroccan companies - Consumer goods 1 * Laraki, automotive https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

178 Manufactured goods - Specialty consumer goods 1 Specialty goods are unique in nature; these are unusual and luxurious items available in the market https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

179 List of companies of Senegal - Consumer goods 1 * Gum arabic#Production|Compagnie Française du Sénégal, gum arabic producer from the colonial period https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

180 List of companies of Senegal - Consumer goods 1 * Agriculture in Senegal#Agricultural commodities|Grands moulins de Dakar, grain miller https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

181 Counterfeit consumer goods 1 'Counterfeit consumer goods' ('knock-offs' in colloquial language) are by legal definition goods infringing the rights of a trade mark holder by displaying a trade mark which is either identical to a protected trade mark or by using an identification mark which cannot be distinguished in its essential aspects from such trade mark, and which thereby infringes the rights of the holder of the trade mark. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

182 Counterfeit consumer goods 1 Both sponsored and independent news aggregators monitor ongoing developments in counterfeit consumer goods. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

183 Counterfeit consumer goods 1 The range of counterfeited consumer goods is immense https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

184 Counterfeit consumer goods 1 The spread of counterfeit goods has become global in recent years https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

185 Counterfeit consumer goods 1 Revenues from the counterfeit market feed back into a variety of criminal organization|criminal and terrorist organizations https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

186 Counterfeit consumer goods 1 The United States faces the most economic impact, being the world's largest consumer nation https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

187 Counterfeit consumer goods 1 quote|Counterfeiters use the reputation of a trademark, which brand manufacturers have built up on the basis of the quality of their products, to fool consumers about the true origin and quality of the goods.|Germany|German Customs– Official Homepage https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

188 Counterfeit consumer goods 1 U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

189 Counterfeit consumer goods - General description 1 According to the OECD, counterfeit products encompass all products made to closely imitate the appearance of the product of another as to mislead consumers https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

190 Counterfeit consumer goods - General description 1 Among the leading industries that have been seriously affected by counterfeiting are software, music recordings, motion pictures, luxury goods and fashion clothes, sportswear, perfumes, toys, aircraft components, spare parts and car accessories, and pharmaceuticals. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

191 Counterfeit consumer goods - Apparel and accessories 1 Counterfeit clothes, shoes, jewelry and handbags from designer brands are made in varying quality; sometimes the intent is only to fool the gullible buyer who only looks at the label and does not know what the real thing looks like, while others put some serious effort into mimicking fashion details https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

192 Counterfeit consumer goods - Wine 1 In China, counterfeit high-end wines are a growing beverage industry segment, where fakes are sold to Chinese consumers.Paull, John (2012) [http://oneco.biofach.de/en/news/?focus=8 83468aa-9837-4893-997e-b1827725a578 China fakes Australian premium organic wine], Organic News, 26 June https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

193 Counterfeit consumer goods - Wine 1 The problem is so widespread in China, the U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

194 Counterfeit consumer goods - Wine 1 wine fraud|Counterfeit wine is also found in the West; it is primarily a problem for collectors of rare wine, especially of pre- World War II|WWII French wines, as producers kept spotty records at the time https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

195 Counterfeit consumer goods - Media 1 Compact Discs, videotapes and DVDs, computer software and other media that are easily copied can be counterfeited and sold through vendors at street markets, night markets, mail order, and numerous Internet sources, including open auction sites like eBay https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

196 Counterfeit consumer goods - Media 1 In August 2011, it was reported that at least 22 fake Apple computer stores were operating in parts of China, despite others having been shut down in the past by authorities at other locations.[http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-501465_162- 20091248-501465.html?tag=mncol;lst;10 22 more fake Apple stores found in Kunming, China, says report], CBS News, August 11, 2011 The following month, also in China, it was discovered that the popular mobile game Angry Birds, had been re-created into a theme park without permission from its Finnish copyright or trade mark owners.[http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/09/16/s citech/main20107294.shtml China steals Angry Birds for theme park], CBS News, September 16, 2011 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

197 Counterfeit consumer goods - Medication 1 According to the U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

198 Counterfeit consumer goods - Medication 1 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) describes counterfeit drugs as those sold under a product name without proper authorization: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

199 Counterfeit consumer goods - Medication 1 :Counterfeiting can apply to both brand name and generic products, where the identity of the source is mislabeled in a way that suggests that it is the authentic approved product. Counterfeit products may include products without the active ingredient, with an insufficient or excessive quantity of the active ingredient, with the wrong active ingredient, or with fake packaging.[http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/Drug Safety/ucm169898.htm Counterfeit Drugs Questions and Answers] FDA https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

200 Counterfeit consumer goods - Medication 1 Experts estimate that counterfeit medications kill at least 700,000 people a year, mostly in undeveloped countries.[http://www.policynetwork.net/he alth/media/fake-drugs-kill-over-700000- people-every-year-new-report Counterfeit medicine killing 700000 people a year] According to The Economist, between 15%-30% of antibiotic drugs in Africa and South-East Asia are fake https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

201 Counterfeit consumer goods - Medication 1 The EU reported that as of 2005 India was by far the biggest supplier of fake drugs, accounting for 75 per cent of the global cases of counterfeit medicine https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

202 Counterfeit consumer goods - Medication 1 In 2005, counterfeit pharmaceuticals affected less than one percent in developed countries, such as the U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

203 Counterfeit consumer goods - Food 1 Food fraud, the intentional adulteration of food with cheaper ingredients for economic gain, is a well-documented crime that has existed in the U.S. and Europe for many decades. It has only received most attention in recent years as the fear of bioterrorism has increased. Numerous cases of intentional food fraud have been discovered over the last few years: https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

204 Counterfeit consumer goods - Food 1 * In 2008, U.S. consumers were panicked and a media firestorm ensued when Chinese milk was discovered to have been adulterated with the chemical melamine, to make milk appear to have a higher protein content. It caused 900 infants to be hospitalized with six deaths. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

205 Counterfeit consumer goods - Food 1 * In 2007, the University of North Carolina found that 77 percent of fish labeled as red snapper (fish)|red snapper was actually tilapia, a common and less flavorful species https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

206 Counterfeit consumer goods - Food 1 * French Cognac (brandy)|cognac was discovered to have been adulterated with brandy, and their honey was mixed with cheaper sugars, such as high-fructose corn syrup. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

207 Counterfeit consumer goods - Food 1 * In 2008, U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

208 Counterfeit consumer goods - Food 1 However, in the U.S., where the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the primary regulatory body for food safety and enforcement, they admit that the sheer magnitude of the potential crime makes prevention difficult, along with the fact that food safety is not treated as a high priority. They note that with more than 300 ports of entry through which 13 percent of America's food supply passes, the FDA is only able to inspect about 2 percent of that food. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

209 Counterfeit consumer goods - Food 1 Food counterfeiting and piracy is a serious threat in Europe, especially for countries with a high number of trademark products such as Italy https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

210 Counterfeit consumer goods - Cigarettes 1 British undercover detectives have found that counterfeited cigarettes frequently contain human excrement, asbestos, mold and dead flies. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

211 Counterfeit consumer goods - Cigarettes 1 With the sales of illicit cigarettes in Turkey exceeding 16.2 billion cigarettes per year, Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan labeled counterfeit tobacco as more dangerous than terrorism. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

212 Counterfeit consumer goods - Corporations 1 There has been at least one instance of an entire fake parallel manufacturing / distributing / retail system https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

213 Counterfeit consumer goods - Prisons 1 In China, an underground factory disguised as a prison which produced counterfeit cigarettes was uncovered by police in Sichuan.Xinhua News, 28 January 2004 https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

214 Counterfeit consumer goods - Military items 1 According to a U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

215 Counterfeit consumer goods - U.S. 1 On November 29, 2010, the U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

216 Counterfeit consumer goods - U.S. 1 Some U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

217 Counterfeit consumer goods - U.S. 1 During a counterfeit bust in New York in 2007, federal police seized $200 million in fake designer clothing, shoes, and accessories from one of the largest-ever counterfeit smuggling rings https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

218 Counterfeit consumer goods - U.S. 1 For trade mark owners wishing to identify and prevent the importation of counterfeit goods, the U.S https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

219 Counterfeit consumer goods - U.S. 1 From 2010 – 2012, the international organization Oceana (non-profit group)|Oceana had studied more than 1,200 samples of seafood from various retailers nationwide https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

220 Counterfeit consumer goods - Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) 1 In October 2011, a bill was introduced entitled Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

221 Counterfeit consumer goods - International 1 On October 1, 2011, the governments of eight nations including Japan and the United States signed the Anti- Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA), which is designed to help protect intellectual property rights, especially costly copyright and trade mark theft https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

222 Counterfeit consumer goods - International 1 Countries like Nigeria fight brand piracy on a national level but the penalties are dwarfed by the earnings outlook for counterfeiters: As grievous as this crime is, which is even worse than armed robbery, the penalty is like a slap on the palm, the most ridiculous of which is a fine of 50,000 naira ($307) https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

223 Counterfeit consumer goods - Internet Shopping Sites 1 Major internet shopping sites, such as Amazon.com, ebay.com, and Alibaba.com, provide complaint pages where listings of counterfeit goods can be reported. The reporter must show that it owns the intellectual property (e.g. trademark, patent, copyright) being presented on the counterfeit listings. The shopping site will then do an internal investigation and if it agrees, it will take the counterfeit listing down. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

224 Counterfeit consumer goods - Anti-counterfeiting packaging 1 Counterfeit consumer goods, unauthorized sales (diversion), material substitution and tampering can all be reduced with these anti-counterfeiting technologies https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

225 Counterfeit consumer goods - Anti-counterfeiting packaging 1 *Taggant fingerprinting - uniquely coded microscopic materials that are verified from a database https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

226 Counterfeit consumer goods - Anti-counterfeiting packaging 1 *Encrypted micro-particles - unpredictably placed markings (numbers, layers and colors) not visible to the human eye https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

227 Counterfeit consumer goods - Anti-counterfeiting packaging 1 *Holograms - graphics printed on seals, patches, foils or labels and used at point of sale for visual verification https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

228 Counterfeit consumer goods - Anti-counterfeiting packaging 1 *Micro-printing - second line authentication often used on currencies https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

229 Counterfeit consumer goods - Anti-counterfeiting packaging 1 *UV printing - marks only visible under UV light https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

230 Counterfeit consumer goods - Anti-counterfeiting packaging 1 *Track and trace systems - use codes to link products to database tracking system https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

231 Counterfeit consumer goods - Anti-counterfeiting packaging 1 *Color shifting ink or film - visible marks that switch colors or texture when tilted https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

232 Counterfeit consumer goods - Anti-counterfeiting packaging 1 *Tamper evident seals and tapes - destructible or graphically verifiable at point of sale https://store.theartofservice.com/the-consumer-goods-toolkit.html

233 For More Information, Visit: https://store.theartofservice.co m/the-consumer-goods- toolkit.html https://store.theartofservice.co m/the-consumer-goods- toolkit.html The Art of Service https://store.theartofservice.com


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