Presentation on theme: "This map shows Americans’ ancestry, or roots, by county"— Presentation transcript:
1 This map shows Americans’ ancestry, or roots, by county This map shows Americans’ ancestry, or roots, by county. A third of all Americans describe their ancestors as German, Irish, or English. Almost a tenth identify their ancestors as African-American.Migration
2 Migration:The movement of people from one place in the world to another place, usually across a political boundary, to live in a new place.
3 Types of MigrationImmigration: people move to a new country (Immigrants)Internal Migration: Moving to a new home within a state, country, or continent.External Migration: Moving to a new home in a different state, country, or continent.
4 Types of Migration (Cont’d) Emigration: people leave from a country to move to another (Emigrants)
5 Types of Migration (Cont’d) Involuntary Migration: When a government forces a large group of people out of a regionUsually based on ethnicity or religion.Ex: Native Americans forced on reservations, Japanese Internment Camps during WWII
6 Why Do People Migrate?People consider the advantages and disadvantages of movingThese are called Push Factors and Pull Factors
7 Push Factors: Pull Factors: Reasons for emigrating (leaving a place) Reasons for immigrating (moving into a place)
8 Types of Push/Pull Factors: Environmental: Climate or natural disasterEx: New Orleans after Hurricane KatrinaPolitical: War, PersecutionEx: Iraqis fleeing to neighboring countries
9 Types of Push/Pull Factors: (Cont’d) Economic: WorkEx: Migrant workers from Mexico follow harvestsCultural: Religious freedom, educationEx: The first colonists in N. America
10 Refugee:A person who is residing outside the country of his origin due to fear of persecution for his race, religion, nationality, or political views.
11 Laws of Migration Formed in the 1880s by E.G. Ravenstein Most migrants travel only a short distance.Migrants traveling long distances usually settle in urban areas.Most migration occurs in steps.Most migration is rural to urban.Most migrants are adults.Most international migrants are young males, while more internal migrants are female.
12 What is Colonization?A group of people leave their native country to form a new settlement connected with the parent nationEx: The original 13 coloniesNew Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
13 Why make a Colony? (cont.) Colonies produced raw materials (like tobacco, furs, cotton)These were sold to the mother countryThe mother country produced finished goodsThe mother country sells finished back to the colonies
14 Imperialism:Empire building, or, one nation using force to gain control over foreign territories
15 European nations used industrial technology to overpower lesser developed nations for money and powerImperialism (cont.)Ex: England built the world’s largest empire on five continents
16 Imperialism in Africa Europeans began trading in Africa in the 1200s Interested in gold, ivory, textiles, and later, slavesBy the 1800s Europe needed more raw materials for industry
17 From Colonies to Countries Africans benefited from education and city developmentMid-1900s: educated Africans launched independence movementsBy the second half of the century most were independent
18 From Colonies to Countries (cont.) Africa has been struggling since independenceRival ethnic groups fight for powerEurope did not care to help Africa develop its infrastructureMany European and American companies are only interested in finding ways to obtain African resources