Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byShon Foster Modified over 2 years ago

1
Flashcards for Unit 1

2
Anything that has mass & occupies space. Matter

3
How many fundamental units in the SI system? 7

4
Physical quantity that must be measured. It cannot be calculated. Fundamental or Base Unit

5
A unit defined as a combination of fundamental units. Derived Unit

6
Unit of Mass Unit of Time Unit of Length Unit of Temperature Unit of Amount of Substance Unit of Capacity (Space or Volume) Kilogram Second Meter Kelvin Mole Liter, milliliter, cubic centimeter

7
Liter Metric Unit of Volume: 10 cm X 10 cm 10 cm Derived Unit

8
? cm 3 = 1 Liter 1000 cm 3 = 1 Liter Derived Unit

9
? milliliter = 1 Liter 1000 mL = 1 Liter Derived Unit

10
? milliliter = 1 cm 3 1 mL = 1 cm 3 Derived Unit

11
What is the mass of 1 liter of pure H 2 O? 1 kilogram Mass/Volume relationship

12
What is the volume of 1 kilogram of pure H 2 O? 1 Liter Mass/Volume relationship

13
What is the volume of 1 gram of pure H 2 O? 1 milliliter Mass/Volume relationship

14
What is the mass of 1 cm 3 of pure H 2 O? 1 gram Mass/Volume relationship

15
Freezing Point of water in the Kelvin scale. 273 K Physical Constant

16
Boiling Point of water in the Kelvin scale. 373 K Physical Constant

17
Freezing Point of water in the centigrade scale. 0 C0 C0 C0 C Physical Constant

18
Boiling Point of water in the centigrade scale. 100 C Physical Constant

19
Ice / water equilibrium Another name for freezing point.

20
Steam / water equilibrium Another name for boiling point.

21
? cm in 1 meter 100 cm = 1 meter Conversion Fact

22
? mm in 1 meter 1000 mm = 1 meter Conversion Fact

23
? m in 1 km 1000 m = 1 kilometer Conversion Fact

24
? mg in 1 g 1000 mg = 1 gram Conversion Fact

25
Density Mass / Volume

26
Density Describes how matter is packed into space.

27
Units of Density grams / cm 3 for solids grams / ml for liquids

28
Density D M V

29
Accuracy How close a measured value is to an accepted value.

30
Precision How close a series of measurements are to one another.

31
High Precision Low Scatter

32
Percent Error Measured value – Accepted value x 100% Table T, reference tables Accepted value

33
C to K Table T, reference tables K = C + 273

34
Scientific Notation The number is written as a product of 2 numbers: - a number between 1 & 10 - a power of 10

35
2 X 10 -3 Negative exponent so the number is between 0 and 1: 0.002

36
5 X 10 2 Positive exponent so the number is greater than 1: 500

37
Significant Figures All known digits plus 1 estimated digit. Report 1 place past the cailbration!

38
5400.145 cm Decimal Present – Pacific side Start counting at 1 st nonzero # 7 sig figs

39
0.0175 g Decimal Present – Pacific side Start counting at 1 st nonzero # 3 sig figs

40
4855 g Decimal Absent – Atlantic side Start counting at 1 st nonzero # 4 sig figs

41
4000 mm Decimal Absent – Atlantic side Start counting at 1 st nonzero # 1 sig fig

42
Significant Figures: Rule for Addition and Subtraction Answer has same number of decimal places as the addend with the least number of decimal places.

43
28.0 cm 23.538 cm 25.68 cm + 77.218 cm But what do you report? 77.2 cm is correct!

44
Significant Figures: Rule for Multiplication & Division Answer has same number of significant figures as the factor with the least number of significant figures.

45
24 m X 3.26 m = 78.24 m 2 But what do you report? 78 m 2 is correct!

46
An aluminum cube has a mass of 4.75 grams. The dimensions of the cube are 1.2 cm X 1.2 cm X 1.2 cm. What is the density of the cube? a) 2.749 g/cm 3 b) 2.75 g/cm 3 “Volume” = 1.728 cm 3 c) 2.7 g/cm 3 d) 0.36 cm 3 /g 3 sig figs 2 sf

47
A solution contains 43.875 grams of NaCl dissolved in 1. Liter of H 2 O. What is the molarity expressed to the correct sig figs? 58.5 grams of NaCl = 1 mole. Calculated from P.T. 43.875 g 1 mole = 0.75 moles 58.5 grams 58.5 grams 0.75 moles/1. Liter = 0.75 M 0.8 M 5 sig figs 1 sig fig

48
Data Table 2 columns plus title independent variable – controlled by scientist (column 1) dependent variable – measured variable (column 2)

49
Graph 2 axes plus title independent variable – controlled by scientist (column 1) – GOES on X-AXIS dependent variable – measured variable (column 2) – GOES on Y-AXIS

50
Linear Relationship X-axis Y-axis Y = mX + b

51
Direct Relationship X-axis Y-axis Y = mX

52
Inverse Relationship X-axis Y-axis XY = k where k is a constant

53
Graph of a Constant X-axis Y-axis

Similar presentations

OK

Topic 3 Topic 3 Topic 3: Data Analysis Table of Contents Topic 3 Topic 3.

Topic 3 Topic 3 Topic 3: Data Analysis Table of Contents Topic 3 Topic 3.

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on limits and continuity problems Ppt on acute coronary syndrome guidelines Ppt on bank lending policies Ppt on ideal gas law worksheet Jit ppt on manufacturing software Ppt on power grid failure simulation Ppt on eia report Ppt on event handling in javascript what is a number Ppt on field study Ppt on different types of forests in philippines