Presentation on theme: "Prospects and Challenges to trade with Pakistan"— Presentation transcript:
1 Prospects and Challenges to trade with Pakistan Conference on “Trade opportunities for SMEs among SAARC & ASEAN Countries”December 11-12, 2009, Chennai, IndiaProspects and Challenges to trade with PakistanNaeem AnwarMinister (Trade)High Commission for Pakistan New Delhi
2 Scheme of Presentation Overview of Small and Medium Enterprises in PakistanOrganizations/Associations in Pakistan that supports SME GrowthPolicy initiatives by the Government that supports the growth of SMEs in PakistanTrade opportunities for SMEs between Pakistan and India covering:List of products exported by SMEsProducts imported by PakistanExport/Import statistics - product and country specific
3 General OverviewBoth India and Pakistan are SME dominated economies. The density of SMEs in each country accedes 90% of total business population.However the size of the two economies, sectoral composition, trading partners and the proportionate contribution made by the SMEs is different.In total bilateral trade Pakistan accounts for less than 1 percent of India’s trade and India accounts below 5 percent of Pakistan’s tradeIn 1948–49, 70 percent of Pakistan’s trading transactions were with India, while 63 percent of Indian exports were directed to Pakistan.
4 Special Initiatives for Pak-India Trade In Pakistan’s recent Trade Policy, following additional policy initiatives are offered to enhance trade with IndiaInputs in DTRE will also be allowed to be imported from India, even if these are not included in the importable items from India, or manufactured locally.import of machinery / equipment for mining / quarrying and grinding of minerals (along with spares) would be allowed from India.Stainless steel is importable from India by train. In order to further reduce the cost of doing business, it has been decided to allow their import by trucks through Wahga as well.Paddy harvesters & Paddy dryers may be provided on matching grant basis in rice growing areas. Furthermore rice farm machinery namely paddy harvesters and dryers will be importable from India through Wahga by road.
5 Organizations in Pakistan Responsible for SMEs Growth Small and Medium Enterprises Development AuthoritySME BankTrade Development Authority of PakistanTechnical Education and Vocational Training AuthoritySkill Development InstituteMany NGOs
6 Promoting SMEs Exports Agro Food Processing Facilities Center (AFPC) , Multan.This Centre comprises of fruit processing (Mango and Guava Pulp), vegetable processing (Tomato paste/puree), Fresh Fruit/Vegetable Grading and Packing. Also provides training and consultancy services to SMEs. The major objective of this project is to enhance the exportsGujranwala Business Center (GBC) is being established to provide business development services in the areas of product design, product quality and international standards and packaging. It shall provide display facilities to SMEs to market their products & services. The project aims to enhance the exports of light engineering, sanitary fittings, tiles, leather products, ceramics, plastics, auto-parts, fans, cutlery, electric home appliances and textiles and other industries that exist in Gujranwala.Sialkot Business & Commerce Centre (SBCC) provides shared display, meeting and conference facilities to exporters of Sialkot city producing sports goods, surgical instruments, leather garments, gloves & accessories, sportswear and musical instruments. It shall serve as a one Stop Shop for international buyers, host exhibitions year round and provide business development services to small & medium exporters. The Project is under implementation.
7 Cont: Promoting SMEs Exports Sports Industries Development Centre (SIDC), Sialkot is being established to facilitate technology up-gradation and human resource development of sports industry. SIDC will introduce new technology to the local industry and also facilitate in producing prototypes, train manpower, support developing new designs and facilitate in obtaining international patents to enhance the export of sports goods.Women Business Incubation Center (WBIC), Lahore is an all encompassing facility providing display stalls, affordable furnished offices, one to one business counseling and other business development services under one roof for existing & aspiring women entrepreneurs. WBIC also provides training to women entrepreneurs and encourages them to export their commodities in international markets.
8 Sector Development Companies Following Sector Development Companies have also been established that aim at upgrading production, improving marketing, and understanding and meeting consumer demands in order to enhance the export and global competitiveness of respective sectors.Pakistan Dairy Development CompanyPakistan Gems and Jewellery Development CompanyPakistan Stone Development CompanyFurniture Sector Development Company
9 Industrial Information Network To enhance the integration of Pakistani SMEs in global value chain, Pakistan’s first B2B (business-to-business) and business information portal, Industrial Information Network was launched on June 25, 2005.The objective of IIN is to use Information Technology to support capacity building for sustainable industrial development in Pakistan and promote the use of B2B E-Commerce in the country.This web portal caters to needs of Small & Medium Enterprises from various industrial sectors in Pakistan with initial focus on Textile and Leather sectors.IIN portal includes different sections on Trade Portal, Trade Bodies, Leather Industry, Textile Industry, Business Management & New Business Development, Govt. Rules and Regulations, WTO, Financing Information, Business News, and Shipping Intelligence.
10 Adoption of Best Practices In order to enable SMEs to become integrated into global value chains, through adoption of best practices SMEDA worked on a set of publications including Trade in ServicesAn Answer Book for Small and Medium-Sized Exporters besides adaptation of four WIPO guidelines , in order to educate SMEs on IP issues
11 SMEs Training and Skill Development Greening Through Technology ReplacementThe following training programs/ seminars are regularly conducted to promote cleaner production techniques:Seminar on “Clean Production and Pollution Prevention Workshop” is conducted in collaboration with World BankRegional Seminars on “Implementation of Cleaner Production Techniques” are conducted at Sialkot, Lahore Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi in collaboration with Cleaner Production Centre (CPC) Sialkot and Pakistan Institute of Management.Skill DevelopmentPromotion of Technology and Skill development is a tool to make SME’s more productive and globally competitive. SME’s lack quality control product standardization, invention and innovation due to their poor access to modern equipments.
12 Trade with India : Non Tariff Barriers Exim Licensing / Permits/ Standard CertificatesSubsidiesVisa RegimeCustoms proceduresLand border transportationAir LinksSea TransportationNo Banking and financial infrastructureUnnecessary procedural requirements
13 Major Challenges Hostile Attitude And Mindset Unstable Political SituationLack of trust and confidenceReluctance to Depending On Uncertain SourcesUneasiness Of Financial TransactionsPoor Transportation And Logistic Infrastructure of land routes
14 Current Situation Composite Dialogues is suspended Most of the Trade negotiation activities are either stopped or substantially reducedTop leaders of both countries met on various occasions but no positive outcomePakistan offers resumption of dailogueIndia insists appropriate action against Bombay terrorists.Pakistan has already started the judicial actionNow ball is in India’s court
15 Five Years Bilateral Trade S.NoYearExportsImportsBalance12345(e)
16 Pakistan’s Top Ten Exports to India S.NoProductJul-Jan)1Petroleum products96.87350.5252Fruits & Vegetables26.19527.45433.70434.71430.8493Cotton Fabric18.62333.94550.16440.42915.9374Molasses17.755Chemicals Elements4.05237.5162.1417.4782.2466Leather3.5332.0677.80013.2440.6427Raw Cotton2.7460.8350.12210.7418Crude Veg Material2.4112.6402.2253.0158.2919Textile Made ups2.3151.8991.2091.7870.59010Chemical Products1,9830.9051.5902.21547.903
17 Pakistan’s Top Ten Imports from India S.NoProductJul-Jan)1Chemical compounds2Chemical Materials69.27969.42647.9033Ores, Iron & steel65.34646.27753.16961.98852.9684Animal feed38.98873.18399.80679.80682.9785Tyres and tubes32.94240.23734.87735.40711.4756Raw cotton15.09039.59221.7307Textile dyes/ colors13.69320.43726.68334.03519.6328Iron steel products13.40831.26531.32340.54219.7349Crude veg material8.39914.90420.54117.4062.36710Non-Ferrous Mnfg6.9307.24628.37743.0810.806
18 India’s Top 20 Products from Global Sources S.NoProductsGrowth%Share in total1Petroleum, Crude & Products39,757.4552,112.7631.0832.12Electronic Goods11,771.3014,378.5822.158.863Gold9,658.2112,930.0333.887.974Machinery Except Elec & Electronic8,860.0812,381.9139.757.635Pearls Precious Semi prcs Stones8,638.586,621.20-23.354.086Other Commodities5,321.784,021.49-24.432.487Organic Chemicals4,257.034,934.8715.923.048Iron & Steel3,934.795,377.2536.663.319Coal, coke & Briquittes Etc.3,464.634,044.6916.742.4910Metal, Ores & Metal Scrap3,409.097,499.991204.62
20 Bilateral Trade Options There are many items which India and Pakistan are importing from global sources but not from each other because:Both countries are already enjoying safe and traditional markets for exports and importsChange in destinations and sources need incentives in terms of tariff, trade facilitation, security, reliability etc. which are not reasonably available in this caseFear of unexpected developments keep the bilateral trade relations under stress and reduces the attraction of other positive factorsBusiness community of both sides has not yet developed closer and trustable relations
21 SAFTA Agreement Impact Both countries are Members of SAFTA Agreement but its impact on bilateral trade is almost negligibleIndia Blames Pakistan’s “positive-list approach” and “non-grant of MFN status”Pakistan alleges extensive NTBs under Indian Trade Regime and uneasy market accessEconomic and trade cooperation is linked with other factors
22 Export Potential to India Based on the export of Pakistan and the import data of India, following products may find a good market for export to India:Petroleum ProductsGems and precious stonesCotton Yarn and fabricFruitsLeather tannedLadies GarmentsMarble and OnyxHandicaftsSports goods
23 Supply and demand side potential and constraints Currently Supply side of Pakistan is not sufficient to cater the full Indian demand if an aggressive strategy is made operational.Expansion of Pakistan’s supply side again depend on conducive political and economic environmentIndia being a country with high population growth and fast growing economy will keep on expanding the demand sideIn order to establish and sustain a long term trading partnership with India, enabling political environment is must
24 Some bilateral trade issues Restoration of composite dialogueGI of Basmati riceUse of brand name of ‘super Basmati’ by Indian rice exportersSpecial trade arrangement in terms of Article X of GATT 1994Pakistan’s non-paper on Indian NTBsSingle country exhibitionsFinancial and physical infrastructureMisc
25 Tariff Protection level and the market access in India Indian is deemed one of the most protected trade regime in the worldThey have low MFN rate but coupled with different rates of taxes like additional duty, special additional duty, countervailing duty , education cess etc.Import tariff Regime of India is judged as most complicated, highly dispersed and inaccessible in “one-go”Almost all major industries are highly protected through one or the other trade defense tools e.g. antidumping, countervailing and safeguard
26 Way ahead for bilateral trade The future markets of world trade are emerging in Asia and AfricaLarge economies in this region like India carry promising potential for trade and commercial activitiesMost effective and highly productive trading blocks are composed of neighboring countries.Both countries need to prepare a comprehensive trade promotion strategy to strengthen the peace process through establishing substantial commercial interests in each other’s country.FICCI’s Report of Nov 2009 – highly Negative approach