Presentation on theme: "The Utopian Styles “abstract art represents a new society free from past associations” Suprematism Constructivism, De Stijl, Bauhaus – School of Art, Architecture,"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Utopian Styles“abstract art represents a new society free from past associations”SuprematismConstructivism,De Stijl,Bauhaus – School of Art, Architecture, and DesignDuring and after WWI, artists sought a new Utopian world by creating art that could improve society
2 Non-objective art provides the “supremacy of pure feeling” Suprematism– the Supreme reality in the world is “pure feeling” – which attaches to NO objectNon-objective art provides the “supremacy of pure feeling”MALEVICH, Suprematist Composition1915 – RUSSIA-artist is “free from theburden of the object”- “nonobjective reality isgreater than anything representative” b/c we respond more intuitively to universal symbols of color and shape than to imagery“wipe out past traditions & begin a new society”Welcomed Russian Revolution b/c it could wipe out past tradition and begin a new cultureFigure KAZIMIR MALEVICH, Suprematist Composition: Airplane Flying, 1915 (dated 1914). Oil on canvas, 1’ 10 7/8” x 1’ 7”. Museum of Modern Art, New York (purchase).
3 Constructivism – additive RUSSIAGABO, Column, ca. 1923Transparent materials – plastic (new!)Relationship of mass and space…(we can see the volume of the column because its transparent)Space flows through and around materials (suggests dynamic movement, and maybe time)“Space and time are the only forms on which life is built and hence of which ornament should be constructed” - GaboFigure NAUM GABO, Column, ca (reconstructed 1937). Perspex, wood, metal, glass, 3’ 5” x 2’ 5” x 2’ 5”. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.
4 Tatlin’s Tower Constructivism (Productivism) “Art is a social product, conditioned by the social environment”Tatlin’s TowerVladimir Tatlin Monument to the 3rd Intnl, 1919–1920 MOSCOW-Commemorates 1917 Russian Revolution (gov’t commission)-”Ideal World”…art benefits society and is functionalIndustrialism benefits ALL people- structure has 3 chambers w/ different government activities:Lecture halls, information centers, gov’t offices of CommiesMade of steel and glass – industrial materials that rep. proletariat (working class)Meant to be a visual reinforcement of social reality
5 De Stijl (“the Style”)- Holland -artists sought the “spiritual” in art-believed in purging art of references to the outside world because reality is opposed to the spiritual-Neoplasticism:“pure plastic” (refers to visual art – something created)MONDRIAN, Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow, 1930believed that all artists try to achieve the essence of beauty… He does this through:COMPLETE abstraction-pure primary colors“dynamic equilibrium”– trying to solve the conflict btwn tension and balance w/in paintings-SEVERE geometry w/ NO reference to nature-NO organic designs b/c they reference animal instincts of nature which need to be purified
12 BauhausSchool of architecture and interior designALL art forms (simply crafted) should create a coherent wholeMarriage of art & technology, art and craft – using basic design principles to meet 20th c needsSynthesis of ART & industry free from embellishment – “less is more”GROPIUS, Shop Block, the Bauhaus, Germany, 1925Building lifted off the ground, glass walls reveal classroomsHorizontal stringcourses embrace the buildingNO embellishment or architectural motifs –no whimsy (ex: letters)
13 Figure 33-60 MARCEL BREUER, tubular chair, 1925. Art should be incorporated into living environmentsFigure MARCEL BREUER, tubular chair, 1925.