7 DomainsArchaea and Bacteria are made up of unicellular prokaryotesEukarya are made up of multiicellular and unicellular organisms that have eukaryotic cells.
8 Domain Bacteria - the cell wall is made up of peptidoglycan. The difference between Domain Bacteria and Domain Archaea is the cell structure.Domain Bacteria - the cell wall is made up of peptidoglycan.Domain Archaea - the cell wall DOES NOT have peptidoglycanPeptidoglycan is a crosslink of sugars and amino acids that form a strong mesh-like layer outside the plasma membrane of some bacterial cells.
13 3 Domains 6 KingdomsTake out your graphic organizer and check your answers as we go through the next slides!!
14 Kingdom Archaebacteria Cell Type: Prokaryote# of Cells: UnicellularCell Wall is Present: NO peptidoglycanNutrition/Food: Most are heterotrophs, but some are autotrophsReproduction: AsexualLocation: Extreme environments (hot springs, acidic water, salt flats, the Dead Sea)Examples: extremophiles, thermoacidophiles
16 Kingdom Eubacteria Cell Type: Prokaryote # of Cells: Unicellular Cell Wall Present: With PeptidoglycanNutrition/Food: Most are heterotrophs, some autotrophsReproduction: AsexualLocation: EVERYWHERE!!!Example: Bacteria are on most surfaces. Some cause human diseases, some are helpful. E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus
17 What are the kingdoms of Eukarya??? ProtistaFungiPlantaeAnimalia
18 Kingdom Protista Cell Type: Eukaryote # of Cells: Some are unicellular and some are multicellularCell Wall: SOME have cellulose in cell wall; some don’t have a cell wall.Nutrition/Food: Some get nutrients by absorption, ingestion, or photo-synthesis; some heterotrophs; some autotrophsReproduction: Sexual or asexualExamples: Amoeba, green algae, diatoms, euglena, and slime molds
21 Kingdom Fungi Cell Type: Eukaryote # of Cells: Some are unicellular and some are multicellularCell Wall: Contains chitinNutrition/Food: all are heterotrophs; digestion takes place outside the bodySpecial Characteristics: Not mobileReproduction: Asexual and sexualExamples: Mushrooms, yeasts, and molds which grow in shady places.
22 Kingdom Plantae Cell Type: Eukaryote (multicellular) Cell wall: CelluloseNutrition/Food: AutotrophsReproduction: Sexual, asexual, or bothLocation: Land and waterExamples: Flowering plants mosses and ferns
24 Kingdom Animalia Cell Type: Eukaryote Cell Wall: No Cell Wall!! Nutrition/Food: All are heterotrophs; digestion takes place inside the bodySpecial Characteristics: Organized into complex organ systems.Examples: Sponges, anemones, jellyfish, lobsters, insects, spiders, squid, worms, dogs cats, humans
25 Viruses Are they alive??Viruses are not living so they are not placed in the classification system.
26 Activity!!Take out 4 sheets of paper Stack two sheets of paper so that the back sheet is one inch higher than the front sheetRepeat with two more sheets of paper so that the back sheets are each one inch higher than the sheet in front of it.
27 Bring the bottom of the sheets upward and align the edges so that all of the layers or tabs are the same distance apart.When all tabs are an equal distance apart fold the papers and crease. Open the papers and staple them along the top “mountain” crease.
28 Label the 8 FlapsSimilarities and Differences Among the 6 Kingdoms of LifeAn Overview of Domains and KingdomsKingdom ArchaebacteriaKingdom EubacteriaKingdom ProtistaKingdom FungiKingdom PlantaeKingdom Animalia
29 When you are done put your foldable away and work on the concept map till the bell rings!!