Presentation on theme: "Chapter 4 Section 2 The Greek City-States"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 4 Section 2 The Greek City-States Polis: The Center of Greek LifeWhat is the definition of Polis? What word that we use is derived from Polis?What activities happened at the Polis?Organization of the City-StateList the uses of the AcropolisWhat is an agora?What was the largest city-state at the time? What was it’s population?Community of the City-StateList all the different citizen categories in a polis.Aristotle said what about citizen belonging?What was the negative side of city-state loyalty?Describe the new military system that developed with the Polis. Explain hoplites, and phalanx.
2 Tyranny in the City-States Greek ExpansionList three reasons why the Greeks expanded between 750 B.C. and 550 B.C.What was the relationship between the new polis and the one that had founded it?Greek ColoniesList the progression of Byzantium. What different names were used to describe it.What was traded between the Greeks and their neighbors? What did the Greeks export?What class became powerful as a result of trade? Who did they want to take power from?Tyranny in the City-StatesThe text uses the word implies. What does the word Tyrant now imply?What is the definition of a Greek Tyrant?What groups supported the Tyrants? Why did they support the Tyrants?What did the Tyrants do that was favorable to most of the citizens?What would eventually happen to how the citizens viewed Tyrants?What did the Greeks believe in that led to the Tyrants being viewed as an insult?
3 Trace the development of government in the city-state. How was Tyranny important to the development to democracy?What is an oligarchy?Two Rival City-StatesSpartaWhat did the Spartans do rather than creating new colonies?What happened to the people they conquered?What were the captured people called? How did the term evolve?What was the conscious decision the Spartans made?What does Spartan mean?Describe why Spartan women had more rights than other Greek women.How did they treat their sons?
4 Explain the Spartan system of government. Include: Oligarchy, kings, Ephors, Council of elders, and an assemblyList examples of how the Spartans isolated themselves.AthensDescribe the political situation in Athens in 700 B.C.By 600 B.C., what were the problems in Athens ?List the reforms made by Solon. What did he refuse to do?Who was the Tyrant to took over next? What did he do?How did the Tyranny end in 510 B.C.?What reforms did Cleisthenes make?His reforms created the basis for what?