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The Greek City-States 4.2.

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Presentation on theme: "The Greek City-States 4.2."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Greek City-States 4.2

2 Center of Greek Life Polis – Greek city-state and the center of Greek life Our word politics comes from polis Town where people met for political, religious, and social gatherings Community of people with common identity and common goals Acropolis – fortified area at the top of a hill used for refuge and religious center Agora – open area below the acropolis used as a market

3 City-States Aristotle argued “We must rather regard every citizen as belonging to the state.” Great loyalty to a city-state Great distrust of other city-states – led to Greece downfall Created the hoplites Heavily armed infantry (foot) soldiers carrying a shield, short sword, and thrusting spear March into battle in a rectangular formation to create a wall of shield - phalanx

4 Greek Colonies Set out in search of trade and better farmland
New city-states independent from original Led to increase of trade Mainland exported pottery, wine and olive oil Western areas exported grains and metals Black Sea area exported fish, timber, wheat, metals, and slaves

5 Tyranny Trade led to wealth and wealth led to tyrants
Not necessarily wicked; just took power by force Most peasants supported because it got them out of debt Tyrants took power then kept it by hiring soldiers. Built markets, temples, and walls. Build support for the tyrant Eventually led to democracy – government by the people Tyrants couldn’t last but showed many people can be part of government Also an oligarchy – government by a few

6 Sparta The art of war was all the mattered – all other art was frowned upon. Needed land so they conquered neighboring Laconians then Messenia Turned them into helots – serfs from capture Created a military state Rigidly organized and tightly controlled Ate simple meals all together Black broth was a piece of pork boiled in animal blood, salt, and vinegar

7 Sparta Men v Women
Forced into military at age 20. Could marry but forced to live in barracks until 30 Could vote at 30 and move home Must stay in military until 60. Freedom because they stayed at home without husbands Must stay fit to bear children Upheld strict Spartan values of war – taught sons to be brave.

8 Sparta government Oligarchy led by two kings Led men into battles
Ephors – 5 men elected each year In charge of educating youth and conduct of civilians Counsel of elders – the 2 kings and 28 male citizens over the age of 60 decided what issues would be brought to general public Closed off from the rest of the world; did not like visitors and weren’t allowed to travel

9 Athens Largest polis At first ruled by king but then became oligarchy of aristocrats Created an economic crisis and eventually gave up power to Solon – who freed peasants of all debts and tried to redistribute wealth but was unsuccessful After several years Cleisthenes gained power and laid the groundwork for democracy

10 Assignment Read and answer the questions about Growing up Greek
When finished flip your answer sheet over and draw a line down the page On one ½ draw what you think life in Sparta would look like on the other ½ draw what you think life in Athens would look like.

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