Presentation on theme: "Dyslexia-Friendly Workplace"— Presentation transcript:
1Dyslexia-Friendly Workplace ‘’Equality of opportunity is an equal opportunity to prove unequal talents’’. Viscount SamuelLouise Ward, DirectorCanadian Dyslexia Centre290 Picton ave., Ottawa, ON K1Z 8P8
2What is Dyslexia?Dyslexia results from a different brain organization, which may cause a problem with reading, writing, spelling and/or speaking, despite average or superior intelligence, traditional reading instruction and socio-cultural opportunity. It is genetically inherited and its cause is biological.
3Dyslexic versus Control Dyslexic ExampleControl ExampleLeft AnteriorLeft Anterior
4Causes of DyslexiaDyslexia is genetically inherited, and its cause is biological.
5Causes of DyslexiaThe brain of a persons with dyslexia works five times harder than other peoples’ brains.
6Causes of DyslexiaDyslexia can cause “letters and words appear to move around, jump over each other, blur and reverse themselves”.
7Talents of DyslexicsOften, a person with dyslexia will also have special abilities and talents associated with superior visual-spatial skills.These abilities, contrasted with deficits in basic skills, make dyslexia confusing for employers.
8"Dyslexics are overrepresented in the top ranks of people who are unusually insightful, who bring a new perspective, who think out of the box," Sally Shaywitz, Yale C:\WINDOWS\Desktop\FORTUNE - Overcoming Dyslexia.htm
9Talents Albert Einstein Great intuition; Adapt easily to changes; Sees patterns quickly;Thinks and perceive in 3-D;A lively imagination;Creative;Sees the big picture instantly;Usually very ambitious and persistent;Superior reasoning;Does not follow the crowd.
10Famous PeopleBill Gates“Often you have to rely on intuition”
11Famous People William Butler Yeats Willie was sent to lessons in spelling and grammar, but he never learned to spell. To the end of his life he produced highly idiosyncratic versions of words.-Biographer A. Norman Jeffares
12Famous People Albert Einstein He told me that his teachers reported that he was mentally slow, unsociable, and adrift forever in his foolish dreams.-Hans Albert Einstein, on his father,
13Famous People Agatha Christie I, myself, was always recognized as the "slow one" in the family. It was quite true, and I knew it and accepted it. Writing and spelling were always terribly difficult for me. My letters were without originality. I was an extraordinarily bad speller and have remained so until this day.-
14Famous People Thomas Edison My teachers say I'm addled my father thought I was stupid, and I almost decided I must be a dunce.
15Reading Slow rate of reading Blurring and distortion of words Th is co ourse wil lst riv etoeq pst ud ent swi the bas ic crit ical t hin kingan d es sa ywri thig sk il ls.
16Reading difficulties: Misreading of words which are visually similar:was-saw, speak-breakMisreading multisyllabic words:philosophical, inheritance, interferenceOmitting connecting words:at, is where, who, over, under ect
174 5 p b q d Lack of paragraph concept Inadequate or missing punctuationMixing up sounds in multisyllabic wordsReversal of letters and/or numbers4 5p b q d
18Small print below 12 point font Poor quality photocopiesOn white paper
19“While most persons with dyslexia are articulate, some may have speech difficulties” Expressing ideas clearly when speakingNot finishing sentencesFinding the right word when speaking
20- Speaking: speaking clearly during interviews or oral examinations speaking on a specific subject within a time limit or interviewIn his mind’s eye he could see the white sheets of paper on which he had written his sermon. Then suddenly the thing happened--the terrible thing he had feared. The words disappeared! In panic he searched his mind only to find it blank - the rest of the sermon - the works he had tried so hard to memorize - was gone, gone!
21Understanding negative sentences Which one was not there?What aspect cannot be inherited?
22- importance-impotence, brown-drown - cursing-cruising, erotic-exotic SpellingMisspelling visually similar words that are not picked up by a spellchecker:- importance-impotence, brown-drown- cursing-cruising, erotic-exoticNumerous erasure and/or cross-outs which make written work very messyMixed up and/or omits letters or words
23- familiar, femilliar, fammilliar, femmeliar SpellingMay take up to 2000 times or more to remember how to spell a word, compared to the maximum of 14 times needed by a non-dyslexic. Many famous writers never mastered spelling.Writes the same words differently in the same passage- familiar, femilliar, fammilliar, femmeliar‘It's a…. poor mind that can only think of one way to spell a word. ‘- Andrew Jackson
24Listening In a noisy room Screening out important information Sensitivity to some sounds, such as: speaker’s phone, hand clapping in a theatre etc
25Math Memorizing multiplication tables Reversing numbers Losing place in long divisionReading difficulties may cause problems understanding written problems
26Organization SkillsForgetting appointmentsForgetting work at home or officeMiscalculating time needed for tasksGetting lost in an unfamiliar building (sometimes in a familiar building as well)Getting mixed up between left-right, west-east, up-downInability to organize desk“If a cluttered desk is a sign of a cluttered mind, just what does an empty desk mean?”Source Unknown
27Note-taking Inability to read own writing Taking notes while listening Writing fast enough to copy from board
28Writing Expressing ideas clearly in writing Difficulty planning and organizing essaysImmature writingPoor sentence structure
29Common physical problems often seen in dyslexic persons and affecting work environment: Migraine headache caused by fluorescent lighting, noise or weatherExtreme stress during testing situationsFeeling of being overwhelmed when a large amount of writing is requiredMotion sickness affecting the ability to use elevators, escalators, driving, etc.Sensitivity to perfumes, strong deodorant or chemicals
30Language Training Orton-Gillingham based methodology Phoneme awareness cat = /k/ /a/ /t/Sound-symbol relationship
31HELP! HELP!If someone spends 3 months in language training and then you find out he/she was dyslexic, then shame on you‘’I am entirely certain that twenty years from now we will look back at education as it is practiced in most schools today and wonder that we could have tolerated anything so primitive. ‘’John W. Gardner
32Dyslexia-Friendly Testing Extended timeCareful with demand speechKnow the difference between mispronunciations and dyslexic mistakesAvoid negative sentencesAllow spelling mistakesAllow ‘’fishing’’ for words