Presentation on theme: "Parts of Speech, Predicate Nominatives, and Predicate Adjectives Review."— Presentation transcript:
Parts of Speech, Predicate Nominatives, and Predicate Adjectives Review
Parts of Speech Noun – person, place, thing, or idea; abstract and concrete Pronoun – replaces a noun Adverb – “adds” to the verb; answers the questions: - how something is done - when something is done - to what extent something is done - why something is done
Pronoun Stands in place of a noun he, she, it, they, we, us, them Example: When the mailman arrived, the dog gave him a hard time.
Adjective Describes a person, place, thing, or idea Example: The sky is dark blue. We had to sit quietly during the grueling eight-hour road trip. I really wanted to watch the fast-paced action movie.
Verbs Action Verbs: drive, fly, sit, stare, dance, sleep, dream, fart Example: Wendy flew across the sky next to Peter Pan. Linking Verbs – links the subject to an adjective or noun am, are, is, was, were, seems, appears, might be, should be, could be, Example: She is a queen among the celebrities. She appears glamorous among the celebrities.
Adverbs “adds” to the verb; answers the questions: - how something is done: I finished the project diligently. - when something is done: I finished the project yesterday. - to what extent something is done I barely finished the project.
Adverbs (continued) Adverbs can also add to adjectives and other adverbs Modifying Adjectives: Once I finished the project, I was really happy. I am almost surprised to see how far I have come. Modifying other Adverbs (a.k.a. “Intensifiers”) My friend also finished the project very quickly. She had a burst of energy so randomly and was able to finish the project.
Prepositions Think of the “bridge” About, among, across, through, throughout, with, within, to, towards, behind, below, beneath, under, underneath “Object of the Prepositional Phrase” He needed to understand everything about science. (about science.) Slowly, she crept towards the door and opened it. (towards the door)
Conjunctions Links sentences, words, or phrases using: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so, and neither…nor… (a.k.a. “coordinating conjunctions”) Examples: This ranch is for George and Lennie. Neither Curley nor his wife had the luxury of love. George lost a dear friend, but we hope that he still follow his dream.
Conjunctions (continued) Subordinating conjunctions - connects a subordinate clause to an independent clause Since, because, after, whenever, however, so that Example: Because there was a tornado warning, all schools were closed for the day. Katy was nervous since this was her first interview.
Interjections Words or phrases that show emotions or expressions Wow!, Oh., What?, Got ‘em!, OMG!, Huh?, LOL!
Predicate Nominative A noun that follows a linking verb, thereby giving a “name” to the subject. Example: She is queen. > The subject She is identified or is given the “name” queen. The game that we play is hopscotch. > The subject game is identified or is given the “name” hopscotch.
Predicate Adjective An adjective that follows a linking verb, thereby giving a “description” to the subject. Example: She is ratchet. > The subject She is described as ratchet. The game that we play is boring > The subject game is described as boring. He seems sad that no one picked him. > The subject He is described as sad.
Determine the part of speech of each underlined word She was unable to understand the importance of the exam. David had no idea that the paper was due today. We left the zoo very quickly after the lions got loose. Let us find the ring tomorrow because I am tired.