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Social Perception Using the DANVA 2 & the NEPSY-II Measuring.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Perception Using the DANVA 2 & the NEPSY-II Measuring."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Perception Using the DANVA 2 & the NEPSY-II Measuring

2 DANVA 2 The Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy 2 (Copyright Dyssemia, Inc. 1999–2000)

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5 DANVA 2 Description PURPOSE: To measure a persons competence in affect recognition by reading facial expressions and voice tones. PURPOSE: To measure a persons competence in affect recognition by reading facial expressions and voice tones. Includes 4 subtests: Includes 4 subtests: –(1) Child Faces 2; (2) Adult faces 2 –(3) Child Paralanguage 2; (4) Adult Paralanguage 2 Four basic emotions are included: Four basic emotions are included: –happiness, sadness, anger, fear Two levels of emotional intensity are included: Two levels of emotional intensity are included: –High & Low. Both males and females are included in all subtest stimuli. Both males and females are included in all subtest stimuli.

6 DANVA 2 - Child Faces 2 Test Construction: Test Construction: –Includes 24 photographs of child facial expressions Internal Consistency: Internal Consistency: –coefficent alpha ranged from.69 to.81 with a modal alpha of.76 across 10 studies with children aged 4 – 16. Test-Retest Reliability: Test-Retest Reliability: –r =.74, n = 84, for 3 rd grade children.

7 DANVA 2 - Child Faces 2 Discriminative Validity: – in a number of studies. –DANVA2-CF scores have not been found to be related to IQ scores or tests of general cognitive ability in a number of studies. Criterion-Related Validity: – –Lower accuracy scores were significantly correlated with lower social competence in elementary students. – –Lower scores in elementary students are associated with greater external control expectancies, greater depression in boys, lower self-esteem in girls, difficulties with teachers, and psychopathy in boys.

8 DANVA 2 Opening Screen

9 DANVA 2 Main Menu

10 DANVA 2 Child Faces Menu

11 DANVA 2 Child Faces Subtest Clients are given 4 seconds to view each photo, which then disappears. Then, they choose the emotion they think the picture shows. Once ready, they click the next button. What is the emotion?

12 DANVA 2 Child Faces Subtest What is the emotion?

13 DANVA 2 Child Faces Subtest What is the emotion?

14 DANVA 2 Child Faces Subtest What is the emotion?

15 Paralanguage Subtest Im going out of the room now, but Ill be back later.

16 DANVA 2 Client Results

17 DANVA 2 Data: Child Faces

18 Table 1: Total Errors; per Affect; per Intensity

19 Table 2: Affect Errors x Intensity

20 TABLE 3: Affect Errors x Type of Affect

21 TABLE 4: Affect Errors x Affect x Intensity

22 DANVA 2 Report Print Out

23 DANVA 2 Norms (Ages 5-18)

24 CASE Study: Eron Profile: Profile: –Age 7 – 11 –profile: Processing Speed (79) and Perceptual Reasoning (61) > Verbal Comprehension (27) and Auditory Working Memory (21) –5 out of 12 atypical indices on the CPT-II –Possible DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of ADHD-NOS –Referred because of playground aggression, and difficulty understanding his emotions & those of others. Noncompliant during counselling efforts.

25 CASE Study: Eron

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27 ADULT FACES: Emotion Presented Incorrect Interpretation % of Errors Incorrect Interpretation % of Errors Happysad7-- Sadangry27-- Angryhappy20sad13 Fearfulhappy27angry7 CASE Study: Eron

28 CHILD FACES: Emotion Presented Incorrect Interpretation % of Errors Incorrect Interpretation % of Errors Incorrect Interpretatio n % of Errors Happy-- Sadhappy18-- Angryhappy18fearful18-- Fearfulhappy18sad18angry9 CASE Study: Eron

29 NEPSY-II Social Perception Battery

30 NEPSY-II Description This assesses two main areas: This assesses two main areas: –1. Affect Recognition: discriminating happy, sad, anger, fear, disgust, and neutral from childrens facial expressions discriminating happy, sad, anger, fear, disgust, and neutral from childrens facial expressions –2. Theory of Mind: inferring others perspectives (e.g., belief, intention, deception, emotion, imagination, and pretending), and relating emotions to the social context inferring others perspectives (e.g., belief, intention, deception, emotion, imagination, and pretending), and relating emotions to the social context

31 NEPSY-II Social Perception Reliability: Reliability: –Internal Consistency: Ages 7-12 =.87 for Affect Recognition; none reported for Theory of Mind in this age group. Ages 7-12 =.87 for Affect Recognition; none reported for Theory of Mind in this age group. –Test-Retest: Ages 7:0-8:11 =.60 for Affect Recognition Ages 7:0-8:11 =.60 for Affect Recognition Validity: Validity: –Concurrent: AR Total with WISC-IV Comprehension =.30 AR Total with WISC-IV Comprehension =.30 AR Total with WNV Picture Arrangement =.05 AR Total with WNV Picture Arrangement =.05 AR Total with DSMD Conduct Problems = -.45 AR Total with DSMD Conduct Problems = -.45 –Clinical Groups: AR Total sig. differentiated Autism from control group (1.19), but not Aspergers individuals from control group (.19). AR Total sig. differentiated Autism from control group (1.19), but not Aspergers individuals from control group (.19).

32 NEPSY-II Affect Recognition

33 NEPSY-II Theory of Mind

34 CASE Study: Eron NEPSY-II Social Perception NEPSY-II Social Perception –Affect Recognition: When trying to discriminate happy, sad, anger, fear, discussed, and neutral from childrens facial expressions, he obtained a scaled score of 4, at the 2 nd percentile. When trying to discriminate happy, sad, anger, fear, discussed, and neutral from childrens facial expressions, he obtained a scaled score of 4, at the 2 nd percentile. Interpreted fear as happiness (6 th – 10 th %ile) –Theory of Mind: When trying to infer others perspectives (e.g., belief, intention, deception, emotion, imagination, and pretending), and relate emotions to social context, Eron obtained a score within the Average range (51-75 %ile). When trying to infer others perspectives (e.g., belief, intention, deception, emotion, imagination, and pretending), and relate emotions to social context, Eron obtained a score within the Average range (51-75 %ile).

35 CASE Study: Eron Recommendations: Recommendations: 1.Eron should receive individual counselling to improve his ability to identify facial expressions of various emotions in children and adults. Start with teaching him to correctly identify the facial expressions of anger and fear. 2.A useful tool for teaching affect recognition is a DVD program called Mind Reading. The DVD consists of 3 areas: (1) the Emotions Library, (2) The Learning Center, and (3) the Games Zone. Using the software, you can explore up to 412 emotions, seeing and hearing each one performed by six different people, including children and adults of both gender. 3.Adults working with Eron should always verbalize how they feel, and not communicate through facial expression alone. He may misperceive adult facial expressions of happy, sad, and angry.


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