Presentation on theme: "WELCOME. We will get through five main points Nguyễn Khánh Như Quantifier s Nguyễn Thị Thanh Tú How to use some/any, (a)few/ (a)little, each/ every?"— Presentation transcript:
We will get through five main points Nguyễn Khánh Như Quantifier s Nguyễn Thị Thanh Tú How to use some/any, (a)few/ (a)little, each/ every? Nguyễn Thị MỸ Thảo How to use other(s), another, the other(s)? Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Nhi How to use both, either, neither ? Nguyễn Khánh Như Further notes and helpful tip
COUNTABLE NOUNSUNCOUNTABLE NOUNS We can use a/an (in front of it)We do not normally use a/an It has a pluralIt does not normally have a plural We can use a number (in front of it)We can not normally use a number
- Some, any, many, each, less, few,etc. - Lots of, a few, a little, etc. - Too many, quite a lot of, very much, almost all, etc.
What quantifiers can go with… ? With countable nounsWith uncountable nouns a(n), the, some, any, many (a) few, a number of a lot of fewer…than… etc.. the, some, any, much (a) little, an amount of a lot of less…than… etc… Some quantifiers combine with both kinds
SOME / ANY Is there a pencil on the table ? => Are there any pencils on the table? There is a pencil on the table. => There are some pencils on the table. Is there any milk in the fridge? => Is there milk in the fridge? There’s some milk in the fridge. => There’s milk in the fridge.
SOME AND ANY ALSO HAVE SPECIAL USES: SOME: - Example: I haven't seen Kie for some years. = I haven't seen Kie for several years. - When some means a part, we can use it in a negative sentence: Some people don't enjoy quiz shows. ANY: - When any means "it doesn't matter which/who/what...”, we can use it in a positive sentences: Come any time. Anyone can do it. -We can use no instead of not any: There isn’t any milk. = there is no milk.
I've got a few friends. = I've got few friends. =
There was a little traffic. = There was little traffic. =
EACH / EVERY Each and every are similar in meaning,yet: Each: express the idea one by one. - There are 5 worksheets. Please take one of each. Every: half-way between each and all. - She knows every student in the school. Same meaning: Prices go up each year. Prices go up every year.
EACH / EVERY EACH They each have their own email address. Each answer is worth 20 points. He was carrying a suitcase in each hand. EVERY Every student in the class is eighteen. My mother gave me every encouragement. The bus leaves every hour.
SINGULAR I have 3 beers. I drank 1 beer. I drank another beer. Then I drank the other beer. ADJECTIVE PRONOUN I bought 3 cakes. I ate 1 cake. I ate another. Then I ate the other.
PLURAL I have 3 beers. I drank 1 beer. I drank another beer. Then I drank the other beer. ADJECTIVE PRONOUN I bought 3 cakes. I ate 1 cake. I ate another. Then I ate the other. I saw some people dancing, and I saw other people talking. Two of these cars are mine, the other cars are my dad’s. I saw some people walking and I saw others running. Two of these cokes are mine, and the others are yours
1.Compound nouns with some- and any- are used in the same way as some and any. Positive statements: “ Someone is sleeping in my bed.” “He saw something in the garden.” “I left my glasses somewhere in the house.”
1.Compound nouns with some- and any- are used in the same way as some and any. Questions: “Are you looking for someone ?” “Have you lost something ?” “Is there anything to do?” “Did you go anywhere last night?”
1.Compound nouns with some- and any- are used in the same way as some and any. Negative statements: “He doesn’t know anybody here.” “I don’t know anything about it.” “I can't help you anymore.”
2. We can use a quantifier without a noun: Most shops are open late, but some close at five, a few close at six. 3. Whole and part quantities: I found some information. Some of the information was wrong. None of my friends went to the party. => an amount => a part of the total => of must have a noun phrase or it/them after it.