Presentation on theme: "The North before the Civil War. The Location Geography: great ports, Erie Canal Unsteady growing season climate forced people to focus on things other."— Presentation transcript:
The Location Geography: great ports, Erie Canal Unsteady growing season climate forced people to focus on things other than farming. Dense forests for lumber.
The Inventors Elias Howe: Sewing machine Isaac Singer: Mass produced the sewing machine, made it available for common person Workers could now make hundreds of time more textiles in a factory
Inventors John Deere: invented a lightweight steel plow. Earlier plows were made from iron and had to be pulled by ox. Cyrus McCormick: opened a huge factory that produced mechanical reapers. Horse- drawn-could do the work of 5 men Result: thousands of farmers left farms to work in cities
The Industrial Revolution A long, slow process in the early 1800s that completely changed the way goods were produced Before 1800s most goods were produced by hand The economy shifted from farming to manufacturing Barter to money, less sustenance farming
The Power Steamboats revolutionized transportation in the early 1800s. Steamboats ferried passengers up Atlantic Coast, and gave farmers and merchants a cheap means of moving goods
The Results The Northern economy expands Machines begin to use steam power instead of water power. Cheap and easy to run. More goods produced, at a lower cost Families left farms and moved to cities.
The Man In the 1790s’ the factory system brought workers and machinery together in one place The Revolution stared in Britain. Britain wanted to keep factory designs secret Samuel Slater smuggled designs for a spinning mill to the USA
Inventors Samuel Morse: developed a way to send electronic messages through wire- The Telegraph-think Morse Code John Griffiths: Invented the Yankee Clipper: The fastest sail boats in the world for a short time. Helped increase world- wide trade