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Chapter 7 Nationalism and Sectionalism

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Nationalism and Sectionalism"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 Nationalism and Sectionalism

2 Focus Question How did transportation developments and industrialization affect the nations economy?

3 Transportation Revolution
Roads First roads were dirt trails 1790 created wilderness roads made of logs Used to reach new territories beyond the Cumberland Mountains

4 Transportation Revolution
Most roads were privately owned Owner expected to make a profit by collecting a toll Used a pike that blocked the road After collecting a toll, the attendant would turn the pike

5 Transportation Revolution
Steamboats 1807 by Robert Fulton the Clermont, made 150 mile trip in 32 hours NYC to Albany up the Hudson River Steam powered ships made it possible for farmers and planters to increase their trade and profits

6 Transportation Revolution
Canals Erie Canal built by State of NY Linked Atlantic with Great Lakes 1817 freight charged 19 cents per ton per mile 1830 less than 2 cents per ton per mile

7 Erie Canal Farmers no longer depended on the Mississippi passage to New Orleans Increase the settlement area of the Great Lakes

8 Transportation Revolution
It turned New York Harbor into America's number one port

9 Railroad Began in Britain Replaces Shipping Cargo Passenger use
31,000 miles of track by 1860 Steam Powered initially.

10 Technology Sparks Industrial Growth
Began in Britain in the 1700s Changes in the textile or cloth-making industry British inventor created device to make spinning more efficient

11 Technology Sparks Industrial Growth
Devices include: Spinning Jenny The water frame The power loom

12 Slater Opens First Textile Mill
Samuel Slater Samuel Slater began the American Industrial Revolution with the construction of the first successful textile mill in 1793

13 Slater Opens First Textile Mill
Slater, built the first successful water powered textile mill in Pawtucket, RI in 1793

14 Lowell Builds Fully Operational Mill
Francis Cabot Lowell formed Boston Manufacturing Company

15 The Boston Manufacturing Company
1813, first factory to operate in which all the processes from raw cotton to finished cloth were completed in a single mill  Eliminated loss of time, labor, and materials

16 The Boston Manufacturing Company
The rivers made it cheaper for mills to run their factory utilizing water power Cheap labor of women and children Easier for mills to produce products The Lowell Mill had supplied all the necessary elements of textiles under one roof, which replaced the putting out system (which enabled workers to bring home cloth or thread for the workers to create clothing/cloth at home).  The Lowell Mill supplied numerous individuals with the comfort of already made clothing, and produced ample sizes.

17 Inventions Transform Industry and Agriculture
Eli Whitney While making guns for the government, Realize that if the parts were all made exactly the same They could be used on any similar gun

18 New Methods of Production
Created a system of interchangeable parts Took 10 years to create 10,000 guns Could not be sure the parts were exact Other inventors perfected the the system of Interchangeable parts

19 Cotton Gin Whitney learned that Southern planters were in desperate need of a way to make the growing of cotton profitable

20 Cotton Gin In 1794 Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin
After the invention of the cotton gin, the yield of raw cotton doubled each decade after 1800 Making cotton the dominate crop in the South

21 Inventions and Improvements

22 Shoes and Sewing Machines
Charles Goodyear Vulcanized rubber in 1839 Didn’t freeze in cold weather or melt in hot weather First used to protect boots and shoes from snow and mud, eventually tires

23 Shoes and Sewing Machines
Elias Howe Clothing industry Invented the sewing machine in 1846 First used in shoe factories

24 Shoes and Sewing Machines
I.M. Singer Added the foot treadle for use in homes- 1851 Price of clothing dropped by 75%, Allowing more people to afford to buy clothes at a store

25 Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution changed the way people worked by having them use machines to do jobs previously done by hand

26 Daily Quiz

27 Name the first great canal built in the 1820’s that connects the East to the West.
Erie Canal

28 Which man played a significant role in creating or introducing the cotton gin, mass production, interchangeable parts? Eli Whitney

29 Name two results of the Erie Canal.
Increase the settlement area of the Great Lakes was highly profitable for New York Cities and industries along the canal developed and flourished

30 Who built a centralized textile factory
Francis Cabot Lowell

31 What American industry first used machines to do work previously done by hand?

32 Section 2 preview: SECTIONALISM
Focus Question: Why did industrialization take root in the North? Sectional Difference North vs. South Tariff of 1816 Factory System Cotton Gin Labor Unions Middle Class Emerges Emigration: Ireland/Germans

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