Presentation on theme: "Concepts of Health & Fitness RHS Physical Education Department."— Presentation transcript:
Concepts of Health & Fitness RHS Physical Education Department
What are the 5 components of Fitness? Cardiovascular Endurance Muscular Endurance Flexibility Muscular Strength Body Composition
Cardiovascular Endurance Definition: the ability of the heart, lungs and blood vessels to deliver oxygen to working muscles and tissues, as well as the ability of those muscles and tissues to utilize that oxygen. Exercise Examples: Aerobics, running, elliptical, skate boarding, power walking, competitive basketball game Fitness Gram Tests that apply: Pacer & Mile
Muscular Endurance Definition: the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to repeatedly exert force against resistance. Examples of Exercise: weight lifting with high repetitions and low weight, swimming, running & climbing. Fitness Gram Tests that apply: Push-ups, Curl-ups, Pacer
Flexibility Definition: the ability to move muscles and joints through their full range of motion. Examples of Exercise: Yoga, Dynamic/Static stretching Fitness Gram Tests that apply: Sit and Reach
Muscular Strength Definition: the amount of force that muscles can exert against some form of resistance in a single effort. Examples of Exercise: Weight lifting with high weights and low repetitions: bench press, squats
Body Composition Definition: is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone and muscle in human bodies. Body Mass Index (BMI): 703x weight(lb)/height 2 (in 2 ) Boys (age 14-18): 16-18 underweight, 18-26 healthy, 26-29 at risk of being overweight, 29+ overweight Girls (age 14-18): 16-17 underweight, 17-25 healthy, 25-32 at risk of being overweight, 32+ overweight
What is the FITT Principal? F- Frequency: How often you work out I- Intensity: How hard you work out T- Time: How long you work out T- Type: What kind of exercise you complete
Frequency How many days per week are you working out? Example: You perform cardio exercises Tuesday and Thursday. You lift weights Monday, Wednesday and Friday. You play a basketball game with friends on Saturday. You worked out 6 days this week.
Intensity How can you measure how hard you work out? Are you doing enough work to see results? Cardio exercises: 60-70% of VO2 Max (maximum heart rate & resting heart rate), talk test, target heart rate zone (130-180 bpm) Lifting: 60-70% of the maximum weight you can lift Stretching: holding the stretch for a set amount of time that pushes you further than your previous time or reaching to a specific “place” further than before.
Time Are you working out long enough? Research suggests: At least 60 minutes of exercise a day. 3 days of 20-30 minute vigorous (aerobic) exercise a week. 3 days of toning/lifting exercises lasting 20-30 minutes. Stretching at least 10 minutes everyday.
Type What types of activities do you participate in to stay fit? Examples may include: Running Lifting weights Exercise Videos Playing games of basketball, football, volleyball, etc. Yoga or Pilates Step Aerobics Badminton, ping pong, racquet ball