Cardio-respiratory Endurance Cardio = heart Respiratory = lungs Definition: the ability of the heart and lungs to work efficiently for a long period of time What is the “work” that the heart and lungs do?
What is the Work that the Heart and Lungs do? Pump oxygen to the working muscles
Muscle Strength The power to push, pull or lift Heavy weights Just a few times In the weight room, to develop strength, lift heavy weights 4- 8 repetitions
Muscle Endurance The ability of the muscles to work over a long period of time In the weight room, lift lighter weights for 12 – 25 repetitions Aerobic activity will build muscle endurance as you repeat muscle action over a long period of time
Flexibility The ability of the joints to move through the full range of motion Flexibility increases with stretching!
Principle of Specificity 1. Choose a Goal 2. Choose the right activity to meet that goal. 3. What activities will improve the chosen component of fitness?
Principle of Progression The best benefits of exercise are gained when starting slowly and gradually increasing the amount over a period of time.
Principle of Overload This is the basis for improving fitness! Overload is a GOOD thing! The principle says that in order to get fit, you must increase what you are doing over the every day level of activity.