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Study Project TRANS-CSP Trans-Mediterranean Interconnection for Concentrating Solar Power (WP04 Socio-Economic Impacts) Project for the Research & Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Study Project TRANS-CSP Trans-Mediterranean Interconnection for Concentrating Solar Power (WP04 Socio-Economic Impacts) Project for the Research & Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Study Project TRANS-CSP Trans-Mediterranean Interconnection for Concentrating Solar Power (WP04 Socio-Economic Impacts) Project for the Research & Development Programme of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) NREA

2 WP04 Socio-Economic Impacts Scope: Assess the impacts of the TRANS-CSP scenario with respect to wealth creation, compatibility, security of supply and cost of electricity. Result: The TRANS-CSP scenario can eliminate the negative impacts of the present fossil-nuclear supply system and accellerate economic development in MENA.

3 Oil $/bbl, Coal $/ton Gas $/MBTU Spot prices for coal have doubled, oil & gas tripled, uranium increased by 4 times in the past 5 years

4 Source: ExternE Program The hidden cost of cheap energy: additional external costs of power generation in EU assessed by the ExternE program span width of several EU countries

5 External Costs of Energy

6 Instead of being escalating, volatile and hidden, renewable energy costs tend to decrease due to learning and economies of scale, as long as market introduction continues under a reliable legal policy framework similar curves for all renewables fuel price level of the 1990ies achievable in 2015

7 TRANS-CSP: Investment for Least Cost Electricity TRANS-CSP Mix: Energy Mix as described here incl. RUE, RES and CCS Mix 2000: Maintaining exactly the Power Mix like in the Year 2000 with CCS No Nuclear: Mix like in the Year 2000, but substituting Nuclear by Coal & CCS invest phase least cost phase

8 European consumers pay today billion per year more for fuels for power generation than in the year The fuel cost escalation has lead to a loss of GDP of approximately 1.5 % an increase of unemployment of about 0.8 % an increase of consumer prices of 2.4 % European citizens pay about 80 billion per year for fossil and nuclear energy in form of subsidies and external costs, in contrast to 8 billion /y for the market introduction of the total renewable energy portfolio. Security of supply is enhanced by the diversification of the portfolio of assets by renewables that has a high energy economic value which up to now has been neglected by energy policy. TRANS-CSP potentially eliminates the negative socio-economic impacts of the present unsustainable power system and leads to a secure, low cost and reliable supply after 15 years investment phase. TRANS-CSP: Socio-Economic Impacts in Europe

9 Additional Positive Impacts in MENA: Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Plants combined with Sea Water Desalination in Coastal Desert Areas Energy + Water + Income = Sustainable economic development in arid regions (artist view created with Google Earth) HVDC Link AC Grid

10 Photo of the top of a Linear Fresnel Concentrating Solar Collector and artist view of a greenhouse installed underneath to protect the plants from excessive irradiance and evaporation. This could be a concept for multi-purpose plants for power, water and horticulture. Other local uses include shade for parking and the production of steam for cooling and process heat. Source: Solarmundo, DLR Power, Water, Shade, Income: A Solar Powered Desert Development Machine

11 Principle of a concentrating solar collector (left) and a solar power station with combined thermal sea water desalination (right). The generated electricity can be used for domestic power, for export and for further desalination via reverse osmosis. At present, a project of this type is developed in Jordan. The AQUA- CSP study starting in July 2006 will assess its potentials in MENA. Concentrating Solar Thermal Power: A Technology for Sustainable Energy and Water

12 The sun-belt and the technology belt can become very powerful when they begin to understand themselves as a community: a community of energy, water and climate security; a community for their common future. H.R.H. Prince El Hassan Bin Talal President of the Club of Rome Address for World Energy Dialogue, Hannover Messe, April 2006


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