2 What Is Volume ?The volume of a solid is the amount of space inside the solid.Consider the cylinder below:If we were to fill the cylinder with water the volume would be the amount of water the cylinder could hold:
3 Measuring Volume.Volume is measured in cubic centimeters (also called centimeter cubed).Here is a cubic centimeterIt is a cube which measures 1cm in all directions.1cmWe will now see how to calculate the volume of various shapes.
4 Volumes Of rectangular prisms. Look at the rectangular prism below:10cm3cm4cmWe must first calculate the area of the base of the rectangular prism:The base is a rectangle measuring 10cm by 3cm:3cm10cm
5 3cm10cmArea of a rectangle = length x breadthArea = 10 x 3Area = 30cm2We now know we can place 30 centimeter squares on the base of the rectangular prism. But we can also place 30 cubic centimeters on the base:10cm3cm4cm
6 10cm3cm4cmWe have now got to find how many layers of 1cm cubes we can place in the rectangular prism:We can fit in 4 layers.Volume = 30 x 4Volume = 120cm3That means that we can place 120 of our cubes measuring a centimeter in all directions inside our rectangular prism.
7 10cm3cm4cmWe have found that the volume of the rectangular prism is given by:Volume = 10 x 3 x 4 = 120cm3This gives us our formula for the volume of a rectangular prism:Volume = Length x Breadth x HeightV=LBH for short.
8 What Goes In The Box ?Calculate the volumes of the rectangular prisms below:(1)14cm5 cm7cm(2)3.4cm490cm339.3cm3(3)8.9 m2.7m3.2m76.9 m3
9 The Cross Sectional Area. When we calculated the volume of the rectangular prism :10cm3cm4cmWe found the area of the base :This is the Cross Sectional Area.The Cross section is the shape that is repeated throughout the volume.We then calculated how many layers of cross section made up the volume.This gives us a formula for calculating other volumes:Volume = Cross Sectional Area x Length.
10 The Volume Of A Cylinder. Consider the cylinder below:It has a height of 6cm .4cm6cmWhat is the size of the radius ?2cmVolume = cross section x heightWhat shape is the cross section?CircleCalculate the area of the circle:A = r 2A = 3.14 x 2 x 2A = cm2The formula for the volume of a cylinder is:V = r 2 hr = radius h = height.Calculate the volume:V = r 2 x hV = x 6V = cm3