2 History Was used ever since humans discovered fire Was used as primary source for heat and cooking until the industrial revolution, 1860’s
3 Primary Source Crop residues Energy plantations Animal and industrial wasteNeeded fields of plants and trees to maintain enough fuel to keep the plant running
4 Pro Converts waste produced naturally In theory, fuel source can never run outAvailable all over the world and forms from anythingCan be converted into liquid gases
5 Cons Uses large areas of land Land use limits area Overuse can cause deforestation Expensive to turn in to alcohols to make the electricityCreates as much carbon dioxide as burning fossils fuels
6 Environmental Effects If not burned properly, then big contributor to global warming and greenhouse gasesProduces air pollution, and more environmental issues then any other form of producing electricity other then hydropower
8 Geographic Distribution Anywhere there is plant life of animals areOne third of the worlds population burns wood and other organic material.
9 Cost to MaintainMaryland based 60 megawatt power plant cost approximately $250,000,000 to buildAnnual biomass cost: $1,303,200
10 How It works Needs the biomass form to work Many different types of ways to convert to powerMost common is similar to a coal-burning power plantFirst, gets turned into gases and it sent through filterSecond, burned in boilers to create heatNext, heat turns water into steamThen, steam turns turbine connected to generatorFinally, generator produces electricity and then is sent to homes and businesses