Presentation on theme: "Three Chinese Philosophies"— Presentation transcript:
1 Three Chinese Philosophies absolutechinatours.comenglish.eastday.comchinavoc.comThree Chinese Philosophiesexaminer.comBy: Emmy L. and Laryssa K.
2 Confucianism Who was Confucius ? Confucius lived from 551 to 479 B.C.E.Confucius’s goal was to be peaceful and just societyConfucius wanted to teach men of good character and honestytriblocal.com
3 What was China like during Confucius's life? ConfucianismWhat was China like during Confucius's life?Confucius’s state was invaded many timesThe government was very honest and fairchinavoc.comchinavoc.com
4 ConfucianismAccording to Confucius what were the five basic relationships and how shouldthose people act?Ruler and subjectHusband and wifeFather and sonOlder sibling and younger siblingFriend and friendAll people must respect and listen to the person above them (respect your elders)
5 What influence did Confucius have on Chinese government? ConfucianismWhat influence did Confucius have on Chinese government?Civil servants under the Han were hired on the basis of their abilityThe government was fairThe government had values like respect your elders, proper behavior, and love of scholarships.
6 Daoism Who was Laozi? Lived in late 500 bc iep.utm.eduWho was Laozi?Lived in late 500 bcHe was the founder of DaoismThe author of Dao De Jing (The Classic of the Way and Its Power)Worked as an advisor to the Zhou court for many years
7 According to Daoism how should people and rulers behave? People should live in harmony and agreement and they would gain happinessRulers should let natural consequences happensuresh-peaceandnature.blogspot.com
8 Daoism What are yin and yang? examiner.comDaoismWhat are yin and yang?Yin is one half of the Daoist concept of opposing forces of nature; the opposite of yangYang is the other half of the Daoist concept of opposing forces of nature; the opposite of yin
9 Legalism Who was Hanfeizi? Founder of Legalism He lived from 280 to 233 B.C.EHe was the prince of royal family of the state of Hanenglish.eastday.com
10 LegalismAccording to Hanfeizi, what was the only way to create a strong society?They should establish strict laws and enforce them with rewards for good behaviorThey should have harsh punishment for bad behaviorcashinbundles.com
11 How did Hanfeizi believe a ruler should url.pisz.plLegalismHow did Hanfeizi believe a ruler shouldgovern?Hanfeizi said that Legalism was based in the ideas that people were naturally selfish, left to themselves, and always pursed there own interestHanfeizi belived that there should be strict rules and people should be punished severely if they don’t follow them
12 How did the Qin dynasty apply teachings of Hanfeizi? LegalismHow did the Qin dynasty apply teachings of Hanfeizi?The Qin dynasty seized control of ChinaThey built a strong central systemNobody could criticize the governmentchinatownconnection.com
13 WebsiteThis website shows more about Confucianism
14 CitationsFrey, Wendy. History Alive! the Ancient World. Palo Alto, CA: Teachers' Curriculum Institute, Print.New Page 1. Web. 03 May <