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Presentation on theme: "PAKISTAN’S DISASTER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM"— Presentation transcript:




4 Sequence Pakistan’s Disaster Management System and handling of recent major disasters - By Brig Kamran Zia, Member Operations NDMA Disaster Risk Reduction & Way Forward - By Mr Idrees Mahsud, Director DRR, NDMA Case Study – Nullah Lai - Mr Ahmed Kamal, Member DRR, NDMA

5 Disaster Context China Afghanistan Iran India Area - 790,000 sq Km
Disputed Territory Afghanistan Area - 790,000 sq Km 180 million people Topographical and climatic contrasts Variety of hazards Pakistan is a large country with around 790,000 sq. KM area, over 180 million people. It is a country with great topographical and climatic contrasts. It has all kinds of topographical features from coastal beaches, sandy deserts, plateaus, fertile plains, high mountains and snow covered peaks and glaciers. One of the largest river systems i.e. Indus runs trough the length of Pakistan. Therefore, we are faced with a number of hazards including ……… Iran India

6 Hazards in Pakistan Floods – All types Earthquake Avalanche
Land Slides 6

7 Hazards in Pakistan Drought Forest / Urban Fires Epidemics
Tsunamis / Cyclones Industrial / Transport Accidents 7

8 Hazards in Pakistan GLOF Oil Spills 8

9 Disaster Management System in Pakistan

10 Earthquake - 2005 Proved a Wake up Call

11 Evolution of DM System Launch of United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) Earthquake - Federal Relief Commission (FRC) and ERRA NDM Ordinance 2007 – Raising of NDMA 2010 – NDM Act 2012 / 2013 – DRR Policy and NDMP

12 Past Perspective & Realization
Limited policy level focus on disasters Absence of sustainable institutional arrangements to address complete spectrum of disasters Disaster management was viewed in complete isolation from the mainstream development Limited awareness and capacity among communities Funding issues for risk reduction, preparedness and response

13 Past Perspective & Realization Therefore a comprehensive & proactive
Absence of hazard and risk assessment for informed planning Absence of hazard resilient Infrastructure (particularly schools and housing) Development insensitive to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Lack of specialized search and rescue capacity (USAR) Therefore a comprehensive & proactive Disaster Management System was established through an Act of Parliament

14 Disaster Management Structure
Federal Level Provincial Level PDMAs NDRF NDMC DDMAs NDMA PDMCs Stake Holders NIDM Corps of Volunteers Climate Change Division

15 Stakeholders – DM Structure
Armed Forces PHF Media NHN Provinces IFIs Federal Ministers UN / IOs Donors NDMA

16 NDMC Composition Prime Minister - Chairperson
Leaders of Opposition in the Senate and National Assembly Ministers (Defence, Health, Foreign Affairs, Social Welfare & Special Education, Communications, Finance and Interior) Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (for FATA) Provincial Chief Ministers including Gilgit-Baltistan

17 NDMC Composition Prime Minister AJ&K Chairman JCSC
Civil Society Representatives Co-opted Members- appointed by the Prime Minister Chairman NDMA - Secretary

18 NDMC Functions Lay Down Policies on Disaster Management
Approval of National Plan Approval of Plans Prepared by Ministries or Divisions in Accordance with the National Plan Lay Down Guidelines to be followed by Federal Government and Provincial Authorities

19 ‘Disaster Management is a Devolved Subject’
NDMC Functions Take Measures for Prevention of Disaster, Mitigation, Preparedness and Capacity Building for Dealing with Disaster Arrange and Oversee Provision of Funds for DRR, Mitigation, Preparedness and Response Support to other Countries Affected by Major Disaster in line with govt decision ‘Disaster Management is a Devolved Subject’

20 NDMA Organisation Chairman Member Disaster Risk Reduction
Support & Services Operations Coordination and Information Management IT Finance Admin & Procurement Response Recovery & Re-habitation National Operation Center Logistic Cell Disaster Risk Reduction-1 Disaster Risk Reduction-2 NIDM Coord Section Gender and Child Cell Disaster Risk Mitigation Section Chairman Media Cell

21 NDMA’s Functions Policy Formulation, Coordination, Implementation and Monitoring of the whole Spectrum of Disaster Management

22 Prevention/Mitigation Awareness and Capacity
Disaster Spectrum Disaster Rescue Relief Recovery Rehabilitation Reconstruction Risk Assessment Prevention/Mitigation Awareness and Capacity Building Preparedness Early Warning

23 Major Disasters

24 We learnt valuable lessons during the process
Recent Disasters Since its inception in 2007, Pakistan’s Disaster Management System has matured by handling a variety of disasters:- Cyclones: Yemyin-2007 & Phat-2010 Earthquakes: Ziarat-2008, Dalbandeen-2010, Maskhel and Awaran 2013 Landslides / GLOF: Attabad-2010, Gyari 2012, Chitral 2013 Floods: , 2011, 2012 and 2013 We learnt valuable lessons during the process

25 Floods This was really unprecedented and your excellency has himself seen its impact on ground. We still remember your words that “ this is a slow moving Tsunami”. The impact of 2010 floods in terms of population affected was more then the Earthquake in 2005, Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004, Katrina Hurricane, Nargis Cyclone and Haiti Earthquake all put together.

26 Climate Change Impacts
Inconsistent monsoon behavior – (Intensity, Spatial & Temporal spread) Rising number of extreme climate events Increasing frequency of heavy downpours in short time interval Marked shift in monsoon rainfall zone from NE to NW

27 Rainfall Shift

28 Major Flood Events Year Lost Lives (No) Houses Damaged
Crop Area Damaged (Acres) Flooded Areas (Sq Kms) Direct Loss (US $ Million) 2010 1,985 1,608,185 5,171,026 160,000 10,056 2011 516 999,388 2,177,072 27,581 3,730 2012 571 636,438 1,172,045 4,746 2,640 2013 234 76,450 1,457,209.25 7949 -

29 Relief Provided - Past Floods
2010 2011 2012 2013 Case load 20 M 9.6 M 4.77 M 1.45 M Relief Provided Tents (Nos) 488,782 316,575 132,892 57,834 Blankets (Nos) 1.915 M 86,030 24,137 17,187 Mosquito Nets (Nos) 290,262 435,498 - 31,250 Food Items 408,678 Tons 3.717 M Packs 819,434 Packs 126,550 Packs Water Purification Plants( N0s) 3,896 63 Water Purification Kits/Units 11,341 3,247 29

30 Floods 2013 Monsoon induced flash floods affected parts of country mainly Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, FATA and Parts of Balochistan All major rivers experienced flooding Urban Flooding in Karachi and Punjab Contingency plans were in place to meet the disaster situation

31 Damages & Cost - 2010 Floods Sector Damages Cost (US $)
Agriculture & live stock 2.1 m ha agriculture land, 0.3 m Large & 1.2 m Small animals 5.1 bn Housing Sector 1.6 m 1.588 bn Communication 25,088 Km 1.328 bn Financial sector 90 banks, 10 ATMs 674 m Education 10,436 education centers 311 m Energy 92 plants, 32 grids, 3,000 km line 309 m Private sector 146 industries, 0.1 m hotels / shops 282 m Irrigation 278 m Water & Sanitation 6,841 schemes 109 m Governance & Environment 1,457 structures 82 m Health 515 health facilities 50 m Overall Damages US $ Bn 31 31

32 UN Assistance - Floods 2010 Timeline of Response plan Jul Dec 2011 Projects Total Requirement $ 1,963 Million Total Received $ 1,371 Million(70%) Maximum beneficiaries assisted million UN has always played active role in rendering assistance to disaster affected areas. Floods was beyond the capacity of any single nation to cope with. It would have not been possible to manage the disaster with out assistance of UN and humanitarian community. UN’s Response plan was one of the biggest appeal in terms of total requirements of USD 1.96 billion with over 432 projects across eleven sectors covering both emergency relief and early recovery interventions. It was also one of the most successful plan as it was funded by over 70%. “These unprecedented floods demand unprecedented assistance” UN SG 32 32 32

33 Floods Again this was unprecedented in nature as the entire Sindh Province and some parts of Balochistan were inundated by a series of spells of rains. We experienced 4 to 5 feet standing water in a desert area. Water remained stagnant for weeks and months. 33

34 Impact Floods - 2011 Districts affected - 21
Population affected Million Deaths Injured ,180 Area affected m ha 34

35 Damages & Cost - 2011 Floods Sector Damages Cost (US $)
Agriculture & live stock 0.881 m ha agriculture land, 0.03 m Large & 0.08 m Small animals 313 m Houses 1.6 m 982 m Communication 8,206 Km Roads 304 m Education 4,096 education centers 138 m Energy 16 grids, 108 km line, 90 gas fields, 14 m Private sector 201,100 non farm enterprises 1,135 m Irrigation 55 m Water & Sanitation 458 schemes Governance & Environment 666 structures 69 m Health 306 health facilities Overall Damages 3.73 Bn US $ 35

36 UN Assistance - Floods 2011 Timeline of Response Plan - Sep Sep 2012 Projects Total Requirement - $ 356 Total Received $ 171 Million (48%) Maximum beneficiaries assisted million The 2011 floods were getting worse with the evolving situation and therefore initially the Government of Pakistan managed response with its own resources. However, when it was realized primarily after the third spell of rains that were more devastating, the Govt launched an international appeal. UN came up with significant contribution by mobilizing resources. While during 2012 it assisted govt. with its available in country capacity. 36 36

37 Floods 2012 floods were induced by a different phenomenon that is hill torrents of Suleiman Range. We received 440 MM rain in Jacob Abad only in 48 hours. Some areas affected in 2012 were also affected in 2011 and 2010. 37 37

38 Impact Floods - 2012 Districts affected - 7
Population affected Million Deaths Injured ,902 Area affected m ha 38

39 Relief Provided - 2012 Floods
Food Food Packs ,053 Food Items ,606 Tons Shelter Tents ,964 Blankets ,154 Health Medicines Tons Hygiene Kits ,532 Mosquito Nets ,381 WASH Water Purification Tablets M De-Watering Pumps 39

40 Damages - 2012 Floods Sector Damages Agriculture & live stock
0.45 m ha agriculture land, 12,121 cattle head perished Houses 636,438 Communication 5980 km Roads, 129 Km Railway track and 12 bridges 40 40

41 Impact Floods - 2013 Districts affected - 92
Population affected Million Deaths Injured ,129 Crop Area affected Million Acres 41

42 Damages/Losses - Floods 2013
Province Dead Injured Persons Affected Crops Affected (Acres) House Damaged Villages Affected Relief Camps Establish Persons in Relief Camp Cattle Head Perished Partial Full PUNJAB 88 1,016 795,857 1,094,171 18,598 5,633 2,482 361 1,147 15 KP 24 26 584 535 507 287 2 95 SINDH 47 43 524,833 246,590 21,395 14,095 3,068 37 2,458 BALOCHISTAN 27 18 175,596 115,927 14,125 3,595 2,289 10 550 8,135 FATA 11 76.25 127 60 AJ&K 33 645 141 81 Total 234 1,129 1,496,870 1,457,299.25 55,397 23,811 7,841 408 4,155 8,414 These are preliminary figures. Detailed assessment in progress

43 Relief Provided - 2013 Floods
Food Food Packs ,550 Food Items Cartons Shelter Tents Blankets ,187 Health Medicines Cartons Zinc PAC ,498 Live Stock Vaccination ,490 Mosquito Nets ,250 WASH Water Purification Tablets - 50,000 De-Watering Pumps 43

44 Methodology – Ctgy Planning
(Seasonal weather forecasts /satellite analyses for slow onset disasters) Bottom-up approach, starting from District level Provision of technical assistance by NDMA, PMD and FFC to provinces for formulation of plans Capacity building of vulnerable districts – Our Weak Link High level meetings / consultations in each provincial capital National conference to review preparedness Formulation of National plans – Scenario based Coordination for implementation of plan 44

45 Damages/Losses - Floods 2013
Province Dead Injured Persons Affected Crops Affected (Acres) House Damaged Villages Affected Relief Camps Establish Persons in Relief Camp Cattle Head Perished Partial Full PUNJAB 109 39 795,857 745,655 7,956 12,455 2,946 361 1,147 81 KP 24 26 584 535 507 287 2 95 SINDH 47 43 524,833 246,590 21,395 14,095 3,068 37 2,458 88 BALOCHISTAN 27 18 175,596 115,927 14,125 3,595 2,289 10 550 8,135 FATA 15 11 76.25 127 60 AJ&K 33 645 141 Total 255 152 1,496,870 1,108,783.25 44,755 30,633 8,305 612 4,155 8,480

46 Relief Provided Province Tents Food Packs Blankets Mosquito Nets
Food Items (Bags / Cartons) De-Watering Pumps NDMA 15,000 200 8,000 25 PUNJAB 23,652 108,200 10,000 80,197 Bags 20 KP *3,440 *12,650 *16,400 *14,000 Bags 2 SINDH 10,185 1,500 6,100 8 BALOCHISTAN 5,380 4,000 720 7,150 847 Bags AJ&K 177 67 Total 57,834 126,550 17,187 31,250 95,044 63

47 Measures Undertaken Constant monitoring of situation and orchestration / facilitation of all responses related to mitigation, rescue and relief Analyses of weather, river and terrain situations and issue advisories and warnings - In coordination with PMD/ FFC Preventive evacuations - hence lesser casualties Strengthening of vulnerable embankments by FFC

48 Measures Undertaken Coord of humanitarian aspects with UN, NHN and PHF
Pre-positioning of relief equipment on need basis Development of strategic ware houses in the country Strengthening rescue related stocks, earth moving equipment – and its strategic positioning Raising of DRFs – 6 x USAR Teams across the country Coord with NHEPRN and other agencies for health interventions - DEWS Capacity building of govt officials and agencies

49 Measures Undertaken Requisitioning of Armed forces/ air support on need basis Coord with NHA and Federal agencies for communication/ road infrastructure Coord with Utility Stores Department / National Logistic Cell and private vendors for Logistic Support Awareness campaign through Media / Dist Ten years National Disaster Management Plan – Action on some parts already initiated

On 24 Sep’13, an earthquake of 7.7 magnitude, with depth of 10 km and epicenter 120 km SW of Khuzdar 11 after shocks of varying intensity On 28 Sep’13, second major earthquake of 7.2 magnitude, depth 47 km and epicenter 150 km SW of Khuzdar 50

51 Impact Area ,510 Sq Km Area affected - Tehsil Awaran, Mashkhai, Hoshab Deaths Injured Population affected ,000

52 Relief Mechanism Awaran Foreign Countries Government & Domestic
BY AIR Foreign Countries Government & Domestic Sources Khuzdar Bela BY HELI / ROAD Mashaki Logistics Hubs Karachi BY RD Quetta Awaran BY HELI/ROAD Mangoli Malar Dandar DISTRIBUTION POINTS

53 RELIEF PROVIDED Tents - 48210 Blankets - 32249 Food Packs - 241930
Plastic Mats Mosquito Nets ,200

54 RELIEF PROVIDED Items PDMA Balochistan NDMA Army Navy Civil Society
Items PDMA Balochistan NDMA Army Navy Civil Society Orgs PDMA KP PDMA Sindh Foreign Asst PDMA Punjab Total Planned Reached En-route Enroutte  Ration / Food Packs 68265 - 20,000 3360 520 91094 50 ton H.E. Bsct + 15 ton milk 1700 2019 54,972 54972 241930 + 50 tons HE Biscuit + 15 Ton milk  Tents 17686 17,686 12570 12,570 466 170 3600 1,000 2500 10,218 48210 Blankets 2225 10,000 10000 500 250 5,000 13514 360 32249  Plastic Mats 14390 6146 200 20736 Mosquito Nets 6,200 7,000 23,200 Mineral Water Bottles 3,900 14,890 3,000 20, ton Tons Misc Items 400 6 1,553 3856 5971

55 Early Recovery Early Recovery Plan has been put in place
Food Security, Shelter, Health, Water/ Sanitation, Education, Livelihood, Agriculture/Irrigation, Governance and Community / Services Restoration catered for Provisioning of Food Items for a period of three months for the affected population Issue of winterization kits

56 Early Recovery Temp shelters for damaged facilities of Health, Education, Governance Compensation Schedule for dead and injured The Provincial Government, with the support of Federal Govt, is catering for livelihood and Community / Services Restoration Plan for comprehensive rehab / reconstruction - 30,000 two room units

57 GCC Vision and Objectives
NDMA Vision : To achieve sustainable social, economic and environmental development in Pakistan through reducing risks and vulnerabilities, particularly those of the poor and marginalized groups in the country, and to enhance country’s ability to manage all disasters using a comprehensive national approach. (NDMP ). GCC Vision: To ensure that the needs and concerns of vulnerable groups (gender, children, aged and disabled) are addressed in all phases and all types of disasters.” Objective 2: Institutions strengthened and coordination mechanisms developed for addressing the needs and concerns of vulnerable groups at all levels. Objective 1: Needs and concerns of vulnerable groups integrated in all policies for natural and man-made disasters.

58 GCC Achievements National GCC Framework – developed and endorsed by DGs of all R/PDMAs Coordination mechanisms established with R/PDMAs for effective coordination between GCC NDMA and its provincial counterparts Policy Guidelines for Mainstreaming Needs and Concerns of Vulnerable Groups in Disasters developed Capacity Building Workshops held in all provinces for R/PDMAs on addressing gender and vulnerability concerns in DRR and DRM

59 Gray Areas Data gathering and information management – For planning and response Planning & Implementation capacity of DRM institutions Resource availability for DRR and preparedness Weak implementation by provinces/regions /city govts Camp management / Distribution of relief goods Disregard for regulations / inadequacies of legal framework

60 Gray Areas Lack of capacity to handle : Major Industrial Disasters
Major Urban Disasters Large scale Pandemic / Epidemic Absence of dedicated Disaster Response Force and culture of Volunteerism Lack of community based awareness programmes Media sensitization

61 Choking of Waterways – Gujranwala Div

62 Re-opening of Water ways along GT Road Kamoki


64 Lesson Learnt The importance of shifting focus from Response to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Despite the fact that we have relatively nascent DM system it has proved its strengths and we feel proud that it managed these major disasters quite well and that too in a shortest possible time. It is evident from the fact that no one died of cold or harsh weather, hunger. We were able to contain the spread of diseases and epidemics that are usually associated with such disasters. It would have not been possible to manage such major disasters without the assistance of international humanitarian community led by UN and that too with out an excellent coordination mechanisms. The UN cluster system worked very efficiently in Pakistan in coordinating and organizing response to these events. In fact this good practice is an outcome of Govt. of Pakistan and UN’s strong partnership for disaster management since 2005 earthquake. Govt.’s leadership during the entire response and cooperation of the humanitarian community remained a key for such good results. One of the most important lesson learnt was to focus on disaster risk reduction in our future planning.


66 Shifting focus on DRR and the Future Course
By M. Idrees Mahsud Director (DRR), NDMA

67 DRR Initiatives Formulated DRM Needs Report through consultative process Formulated National Disaster Risk Reduction Policy 2012 Formulated National Disaster Management Plan 2012

68 National DRR Policy Guiding Principles Multi-Hazard Approach
Promoting Vulnerability and Risk Assessments as the Basis of DRR Strengthening Community Participation and Capacity in DRR Strengthening the resilience of vulnerable groups Subsidiarity/ Strict and clearly defined division of roles Promoting Inter-Organizational Partnerships Accountability and Transparency

69 National DRR Policy Key Objectives
Integrated national capacity to identify & monitor risks Local level risk reduction capacity Promoting resilient development planning Resilience of key infrastructure and lifelines Multi-hazard early warning capacity National disaster preparedness and response capacity DRR is systematically integrated into recovery and reconstruction

70 Policy Interventions A. Risk Knowledge (i) Risk Atlas or Index at national level (ii) Local/ District level Risk Assessments (iii) Damage and Loss Data-base; and (iv) Climate Change focused Research

71 …Policy Interventions
B. Prevention and Mitigation (i) Local level DRR in high-risk areas/communities (ii) Promoting “Risk Conscious” & Resilient Development (iii) Resilient Key-Infrastructure and Life-Lines (iv) Promoting Risk Awareness and Knowledge (

72 …Policy Interventions
C. Preparedness (i) Multi-hazard EWS (ii) Integrated national preparedness capacity (iii) Disaster Risk Financing Mechanisms

73 The Future Course National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) – 2012-22
Addresses complete spectrum of disasters through DRR Policies, Strategies, Measures and Actions of all stake holders NDMP identifies key issues and envisages ten disaster management priority areas to be implemented over next ten years 118 interventions, 41 Strategies Estimated cost $1041 M

74 The Future Course NDMP Priority Areas (Aligned with HFA)
Establish Institutional and Legal System for disaster management Prepare Disaster Management Plans at various levels Undertake National Hazard and Vulnerability Assessment Establish Multi-hazard Early Warning and Evacuation Systems Promotion of Training, Education and Awareness for DRM Awareness program on Disaster Risk Reduction at local level Infrastructure Development for disaster risk reduction Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development Establish National Emergency Response System Capacity development for Post Disaster Recovery

75 The Future Course NDMP ( Salients - Component-wise)
Main Volume 10-year master plan for DM, based on historical & scientific data collection and analysis, Macro-zonation, Hazard profiles of vulnerable districts DM measures defined for all hazards (Geological, meteorological, industrial, biological) Human Resource Dev Plan (Volume-I) Systematic development of HR capacity of the DM System through strong institutional base for promoting DRM training, education, awareness & research – For govt and community

76 The Future Course NDMP ( Salients - Component-wise)
Multi Hazard Early Warning Sytem Plan (Volume- II) To reduce societal vulnerabilities to and risks involved with multiple disasters – including floods, GLOFs, landslides, droughts, tsunami, cyclones, epidemics. Strengthen weather forecasting , EWS and evacuation systems Community Based DRM (Volume-III) Formulation of strategies for local DRM activities Preparation of community-based DRM plans

77 Cost Implications and Interventions - NDMP
Component Estimated Cost (Ten Yrs) US$ (million) PKR (million) Main Volume: NDMP 774.1 6,843.04 Volume-I HRD 64.3 568.41 Volume-II EWS 188.5 1,666.34 Volume-III CBDRM 14.00 123.73 Total Cost 1,040.90 9,201.52

78 The Future Course NDMP ( Salients - Component-wise)
Integrated Flood Management Plan – IV (Part of NDMP) Structural measures Creation of water regulation mechanisms - spurs, dykes Rehabilitation, strengthening and improvement of existing flood protection infrastructure Non structural Up-gradation and expansion of Flood Forecasting and Early Warning Systems / enhancement of Radar coverage Capacity building of flood management related organizations Total Cost $ 600 M ($60 M per anum)

79 Issues and Challenges Capacity constraints of DM institutions (weak DDMAs) Non availability of micro level risk assessments Retrofitting of existing infrastructure for DRR Impact of climate change phenomenon Deficient weather forecasting capabilities Inadequate early warning dissemination system Strengthening of national institute of disaster management for research and training Training and awareness of communities on DRM Resource constraints

80 Thank You

81 NDMP (Main Volume) Strategy App. Cost (Mn $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 Intervention-1: Establish the Institutional and Legal System for Disaster Management 1. Establish and function disaster management organizations at national, provincial and district levels. 2.0 2. Formulate disaster management operation plans for relevant organizations. 0.2 3. Implement periodic meetings among the disaster management organizations to monitor the situations. 0.1 4. Implement drills and training of disaster management activities in the organizations to improve their capacities. -

82 NDMP (Main Volume) Strategy App. Cost (Mn $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 Intervention-2: Prepare Disaster Management Plans at Various Levels 1.Formulate and update disaster management plans at national, provincial, district and community or TMA levels 1.0 2.Develop hazard specific contingency plans 3.Develop sectoral disaster risk management operation in federal ministries, departments and authorities

83 NDMP (Main Volume) Strategy App. Cost (Mn $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 4.3 Intervention-3: Establish national hazard and vulnerability assessment 1.Conduct detailed multi–hazard vulnerability and risk analysis/assessments at national level 14.0 2.Conduct detailed multi–hazard vulnerability and risk analysis/assessments at local level 5.0 3.Conduct research and studies on impact of climate change on glaciers and ice cap

84 NDMP (Main Volume) Strategy App. Cost (MN $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 Intervention-7: Infrastructure Development for Disaster Risk Reduction 1. Develop schools, hospitals and other important public facilities safe against disasters 100.0 2. Protect important coastal facilities against disasters taking into account climate change 21.0 3. Enforce the building code in construction of buildings 10.0 4. Implement appropriate structural measures in flood prone areas taking into account comprehensive and integrated flood management plans 565.6 5. Enhance disaster risk management capacity in Urban areas. 11.0

85 NDMP (Main Volume) Strategy App. Cost (Mn $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 Intervention-8: Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development 1. Establish disaster risk reduction policies in National Development Plan and National Poverty Reduction Strategy - 2. Set up sectoral guidelines on mainstreaming disaster risk reduction 1.0 3. Establish criteria to assess development projects from a risk reduction perspective 0.2 4. Improve technical capacity of federal and provincial governments to integrate risk reduction into development plans and programs

86 NDMP (Main Volume) Strategy App. Cost (Mn $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 Intervention-9: Establish National Emergency Response System 1.Establish and strengthen warehouse or stockpiling system for storing food, medicine, relief supplies and rescue equipments at strategic locations 10.0 2.Enhance emergency response capacities, such as emergency operation centers, Civil Defence and urban search and rescue teams in major cities. 3.Establish a robust communication system and efficient transport and logistics mechanism to be used during emergency situations. 6.0 4.Develop and implement emergency response plans in relevant ministries and departments at federal, provincial and district levels 5.0 5.Establish National Disaster Management Fund to enable the federal government to organize emergency response effectively. -

87 TOTAL COST (NDMP) = US$ 774.1 million
NDMP (Main Volume) Strategy App. Cost (Mn $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 Intervention-10: Capacity Development for Post Disaster Recovery 1. Prepare guidelines for post disaster recovery programs and activities 1.0 2. Develop capacity of stakeholders in post disaster recovery 3.0 3. Develop system and methodology for recovery needs assessment TOTAL COST (NDMP) = US$ million

88 TOTAL COST (HRDP) = US $64.3 million
HRD Plan (Volume-I) Strategy App. Cost (Mn $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 Intervention-5: Promotion of training, education and awareness in relation to disaster management 1. Develop NIDM (National Institute of Disaster Management) to promote human resource development in the field of disaster management. 20.7 2. Enhance the capacity of government agencies in charge of disaster management. 12.9 3. Promote mainstreaming DRR through capacity enhancement of governmental officers. 2.6 4. Develop the capacity of communities to cope with disasters. 26.2 5. Raise people's awareness of disaster management. 1.9 TOTAL COST (HRDP) = US $64.3 million

89 MHEWS (Volume-II) TOTAL COST (MHEWSP) = US $188.5 million
Strategy App. Cost (Mn $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 Intervention-4: Establish Multi-hazard Early Warning and Evacuation Systems 1.Strengthen forecasting and early warning systems 168.5 2.Prepare hazard maps at local scale in targeted locations 5.7 3.Strengthen early warning dissemination systems 3.1 4.Develop capacity of early warning and evacuation systems 11.2 TOTAL COST (MHEWSP) = US $188.5 million

90 Instructor’s Guidelines on CBDRM (Volume-III)
Strategy App. Cost (Mn $) Time Frame Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021/ 2022 Intervention-6: Strengthen awareness program on disaster risk reduction at local level 1. Enhance knowledge on disasters management in the general public 1.0 2. Establish safe evacuation places in the case of disaster situation 10.0 3. Implement and disseminate CBDRM activities 4. Disseminate self help and mutual help efforts in disaster management 5. Establish disaster mitigation measures incorporated with existing development plan TOTAL COST (CBDRM) = US $14 million


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