2 Criminal Lawlaws that seek to prevent people from deliberately or recklessly harming each other or each others propertytried in courtroom in which lawyers from opposing sides try to present their stronger casesadversarial processjudges should be impartial and be fair to each sideGovernment is always the plaintiff, or party that brings charges against the alleged criminalThe defendant is a group or person accused of a crimeFelonies are serious crimes such as murder, rape, kidnapping, and robberyMisdemeanors are offenses such as vandalism, stealing inexpensive items, etc.Punished with a fine or a jail sentence of less than one year
3 Civil Lawdisputes between people or groups of people, in which no criminal laws have been brokenLawsuitLegal action in which a person or group sues to collect damages for some harm that is doneTortLegal action when a person has suffered an injury and claim that another party is responsible due to negligenceFamily lawDeals with family issue and problems such as divorce, child custody, adoption, alimony, child support, and spouse and child support
4 Constitutional Lawinvolves rights guaranteed under the Constitution, amendments, congressional legislation
5 Administrative Lawinvolves all rules and regulations that government agencies of the executive branch must issue to carry out their jobs
6 Statutory Lawdeals with law written by a legislative branch of governmentexamples: setting speed limits, specifying rules for inspecting food products, setting minimum age to obtain a work permit, etc.
7 International Lawinvolves treaties, customs, and agreements among nations