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CCR Edmonton, 24 May 2007 Mr Vincent Cochetel Department of International Protection UNHCR, Geneva UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

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Presentation on theme: "CCR Edmonton, 24 May 2007 Mr Vincent Cochetel Department of International Protection UNHCR, Geneva UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees."— Presentation transcript:

1 CCR Edmonton, 24 May 2007 Mr Vincent Cochetel Department of International Protection UNHCR, Geneva UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

2 I- Basic Facts about UNHCR and Resettlement Activities II-Canadas contribution to Resettlement Activities III-Global Trends & Challenges for UNHCR

3 Who are the 20.8 million people falling under competence UNHCRs competence?

4 Refugee population 8.4 millions Distribution by area in June 2006

5 Durable Solutions for Refugees Facilitation/Promotion of Voluntary Repatriation Facilitation/Promotion of Voluntary Repatriation Facilitation/Promotion of Local Integration Facilitation/Promotion of Local Integration Promotion of Resettlement Promotion of Resettlement

6 The objectives of Resettlement To save/rescue individuals/families with specific protection needs To save/rescue individuals/families with specific protection needs To activate this durable solution in absence or in parallel with other durable solutions To activate this durable solution in absence or in parallel with other durable solutions As an element of burden/responsibility-sharing As an element of burden/responsibility-sharing To create protection dividends for refugees who are not going to be resettled To create protection dividends for refugees who are not going to be resettled

7 Resettlement Submissions Submissions by dossier Submissions by dossier Submission during selection missions Submission during selection missions

8 RESETTLEMENT COUNTRIES (current resettlement activities): 81,730 USA : 50,000 USA : 50,000 CANADA: 12,000 CANADA: 12,000 AUSTRALIA: 13,000 AUSTRALIA: 13,000 (9) EUROPEAN COUNTRIES: 5,550 (9) EUROPEAN COUNTRIES: 5,550 NEW ZEALAND: 750 NEW ZEALAND: 750 (5) LATIN AMERICA COUNTRIES: 430 (5) LATIN AMERICA COUNTRIES: 430

9 Total needs for resettlement in 2007: 53,100 refugees (individual submissions) 24,000 refugees (submissions of groups) Total: 77,100 refugees = 0.9 % of the refugees world population = 0.9 % of the refugees world population UNHCR ESTIMATE CAPACITY AS REGARDS SUBMISSIONS: Approximately: 50,000 refugees

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12 2006 Resettlement Departures by Criteria of Submission Refugees without Local Integration Prospects 38% Legal and Physical Protection Needs 50% Survivor of Violence and Torture 5% Child & Adolescent, 0% Medical 2% Family Reunion 1% Women at Risk 7%

13 Canadas contribution to Resettlement Activities One of the big three resettlement countries in the world One of the big three resettlement countries in the world A resettlement programme sensitive to protection concerns/priorities (e.g. Palestinian refugees in Jordan) A resettlement programme sensitive to protection concerns/priorities (e.g. Palestinian refugees in Jordan) Canadas significant support to several resettlement/protection-related programmes Canadas significant support to several resettlement/protection-related programmes

14 A refugee resettlement program usefully complemented by the Private Sponsorship Program (PSR) A refugee resettlement program usefully complemented by the Private Sponsorship Program (PSR) Canadas readiness to use resettlement for protracted refugee situations (e.g. Bhutanese refugees in Nepal or Eritrean refugees in Sudan) Canadas readiness to use resettlement for protracted refugee situations (e.g. Bhutanese refugees in Nepal or Eritrean refugees in Sudan) Canadas commitment to use resettlement in a strategic manner (i.e. protection dividends arising out of resettlement activities) (e.g. support to MPA) Canadas commitment to use resettlement in a strategic manner (i.e. protection dividends arising out of resettlement activities) (e.g. support to MPA)

15 Consistent public support Consistent public support Strong involvement of NGOs, volunteers and local/central authorities Strong involvement of NGOs, volunteers and local/central authorities Improved predictability in referrals in Improved predictability in referrals in

16 Global trends Impact of new anti-terrorist legislation (admission, security screening, delays in departure…) Impact of new anti-terrorist legislation (admission, security screening, delays in departure…) Excessive use of a criteria of local integration potential by certain countries of resettlement Excessive use of a criteria of local integration potential by certain countries of resettlement Increase in the emergency resettlement requests because of the deterioration of the situation in certain countries of first asylum Increase in the emergency resettlement requests because of the deterioration of the situation in certain countries of first asylum

17 Difficulties for resettlement countries of considering various groups in many countries of first asylum and temptation to turn to a mode of selection by group, with the risk of limiting geographical diversity in in-take. Difficulties for resettlement countries of considering various groups in many countries of first asylum and temptation to turn to a mode of selection by group, with the risk of limiting geographical diversity in in-take. Effective access employment market in several countries of resettlement Effective access employment market in several countries of resettlement

18 Challenges for Canadas Resettlement Programme Ensure better synergies between the Government-Assisted Refugee Resettlement program and a strategic use of the Private Sponsorship Program Ensure better synergies between the Government-Assisted Refugee Resettlement program and a strategic use of the Private Sponsorship Program Pilot the use of dossier places and/or interviews by remote Pilot the use of dossier places and/or interviews by remote

19 Improve and shorten the length of security screening by CBSA Improve and shorten the length of security screening by CBSA Build upon group resettlement experiences Build upon group resettlement experiences Improve the functioning / responsiveness of the UPP Improve the functioning / responsiveness of the UPP

20 Enhance the role of NGOs in needs identification process in needs identification process in case preparation and referrals to UNHCR in case preparation and referrals to UNHCR in verification exercises (group processing) in verification exercises (group processing) in cultural orientation/language/literacy courses in countries of asylum in cultural orientation/language/literacy courses in countries of asylum

21 Challenges for UNHCR To improve planning, predictability, coherence in the resettlement submissions To improve planning, predictability, coherence in the resettlement submissions To make the resettlement accessible : To make the resettlement accessible : to larger number of refugees, to larger number of refugees, from more countries of first asylum from more countries of first asylum and towards a broader number of countries of resettlement and towards a broader number of countries of resettlement

22 to promote the implementation of durable solutions strategies in particular for the protracted situations to promote the implementation of durable solutions strategies in particular for the protracted situations Implementation of the conclusion No. 105 of the UNHCR Executive Committee on women-at-risk Implementation of the conclusion No. 105 of the UNHCR Executive Committee on women-at-risk to document country-by-country benefit resulting from a strategic use of the resettlement to document country-by-country benefit resulting from a strategic use of the resettlement to give a human face to the resettlement activities as effective way to combat xenophobia and to promote this solution to give a human face to the resettlement activities as effective way to combat xenophobia and to promote this solution

23 To promote harmonized approaches for refugees in order to ensure equitable access to this solution and to reduce secondary movements To promote harmonized approaches for refugees in order to ensure equitable access to this solution and to reduce secondary movements To establish temporary transit facilities for refugees having an immediate need for evacuation To establish temporary transit facilities for refugees having an immediate need for evacuation To broaden the base of resettlement countries in Europe and Latin America To broaden the base of resettlement countries in Europe and Latin America

24 To draw lessons from the group resettlement and other forms of simplification of procedures To draw lessons from the group resettlement and other forms of simplification of procedures To encourage the harmonization of the programs of cultural orientation before the departure to resettlement countries To encourage the harmonization of the programs of cultural orientation before the departure to resettlement countries To roll-out UNHCR resettlement anti-fraud program To roll-out UNHCR resettlement anti-fraud program

25 To collect and disseminate best practices To collect and disseminate best practices To further engage NGOs in the promotion of resettlement activities To further engage NGOs in the promotion of resettlement activities


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