3 Strategic Partnership: where is the action needed?
4 The Mediterranean basin: threats to its ecosystems 150 million people in coastal areas, 200 million tourists every yearInadequate waste water treatmentIncreased demand on land, water and natural resourcesIndustrialization
5 The Mediterranean basin: Ecosystem degradation Uncontrolled coastal developmentUnsustainable fishingConversion/degradation of critical habitatsInvasion of alien speciesRaw sewage, solid waste, toxic wasteGroundwater contamination and overexploitationof aquifers
6 Country response Investment needs Mediterranean countries committed to preserving the basin since 1975:MAP, Barcelona Convention (1976), LBS Protocol (1980)TDA (1997, 2004), SAP MED (1997) and SAP BIO (2003)Investment needsUS$ 10 billion for pollution remediation (1997 estimate)US$ 140 million for biodiversity conservation (SAP Bio)
7 GEF Support for the Mediterranean Sea 1998: US$6.3 million grant for “Determination of priority actions for the further elaboration and implementation of the Strategic Action Programme for the Mediterranean Sea”2004/ 2005: Initiate the GEF Investment Fund for Pollution Reduction in the Mediterranean SeaUS$60 – 70 grant financing over multiple tranches and open to other donors’ contributions
8 The Strategic Partnership for the Mediterranean Sea: objectives To leverage reforms and catalyze investments that address transboundary pollution reduction and marine and coastal biodiversity conservation priorities identified in the Strategic Action Program to address pollution from land-based activities (SAP-MED) and the Strategic Action Program for the Conservation of Mediterranean Marine and Coastal Biological Diversity (SAP- BIO).The GEF project will assist the GEF eligible countries in implementing the two SAPs through a series of activities and demonstration/pilot projects covering a large field of domains such as legal and institutional reforms, pollution control, cleaner production, Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Integrated Water Resource Management, Aquifer management, PCBs phasing out, fisheries management and biodiversity conservation.
9 The Partnership would achieve its objectives through the implementation of two components: Regional Component: Implementation of Regional Activities for the Protection of the Environmental Resources of the Mediterranean and its Coastal Areas, implemented by UNEP, executed by UNEP/MAP and partners, and approved by the GEF Council in June 2007Investment Fund for the Mediterranean Sea Large Marine Ecosystem Partnership, implemented by World Bank and approved by the GEF Council in August 2006.
10 The Partnership Albania UNEP Algeria WORLD BANK Bosnia & Herzegovina Implementing and Co-executing AgenciesParticipating countriesAlbaniaAlgeriaBosnia & HerzegovinaCroatiaEgyptLebanonLibyaMoroccoMontenegroSyriaTurkeyTunisiaPalestinian AuthorityUNEPWORLD BANKUNEP/MAPand its associated Regional ActivityCenters (RACs): PAP/RAC,SPA/RAC, INFO/RAC, CP/RACMEDPOLUNESCO/HPUNIDOFAOWWFGWP-MedMIO-ECSDEMETAP
11 Replication mechanisms Steering Committee and Coordination Group Strategic Partnership for the Mediterranean LMEWorld BankInvestment FundInvestment projects,demonstrationsUNEP/MAPRegional ProjectReforms,capacity buildingReplication mechanismsSteering Committee and Coordination GroupComponent 1: Integrated approaches for the implementation of the SAPs and NAPs: ICM, IWRM and management of coastal aquifersComponent 2: Pollution from land-based activities, including Persistent Organic Pollutants: implementation of SAP MED and related NAPsComponent 3: Conservation of biological diversity: implementation of SAP BIO and related NAPsComponent 4: Project Management, Co-ordination, Communication and Replication StrategiesInvestment Fund Sub-Projects- Neretva and Trebisnjica River BasinManagement (B&H/Croatia)- Alexandria Integrated Coastal ZoneManagement (Egypt)- Waste water infrastructure in Ulcini(Montenegro)- Waste water in small and mediumcities (Croatia)- Water re-use (Tunisia)Implementation ofSAP/MED and SAP/BIOin participating countries
12 The Regional Component Integrated approachesfor the implementationof the SAPs and NAPs: ICZM,IWRM and managementof coastal aquiferComponent 2Pollution from Land basedactivities, includingPersistentOrganic PollutantsFacilitation of policy and legislationreforms for pollution control;Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology;Environmentally Sound Managementof equipment, stocks and wastes containingor contaminated by PCBs in national electricitycompaniesManagement of Coastal Aquifersand Groundwater;Integrated CoastalZone Management (ICZM);Integrated WaterResources Management (IWRM)Component 4Project coordination, ReplicationCommunication strategies,Managementand Monitoring & EvaluationComponent 3Conservation of biological diversityDevelopment of Med Protected AreasPromote of Sustainable use of Fisheries
13 The Regional Component – Project Component Integrated CoastalZone ManagementTo ensure sustainable management of Mediterranean coastal zones, with particular reference to international waters and biodiversityTo provide assistance to national governments of the Mediterranean countries to manage their coastal resources in an integrated manner and in accordance with priority needs identified by ICZM Protocol (approved)ActivitiesSupport activities in preparationof National ICZM Strategies and NationalActionApplication of ICZM approach,tools and technique in demo areasPilot ProjectsMontenegro: Boka Kotorska Bay;Montenegro/Albania: Buna river;Algeria: the Reghaia wetlands,lake and coastal area
14 The Investment FundBosnia/Croatia - Neretva and Trebisnjica River Basin Management: The Project addresses integrated river basin management as a vehicle for reducing water pollution (GEF Grant US$ 8 million, total cost US$ 21 million)Egypt - Alexandria Integrated Coastal Zone Management: The project supports small scale investments to reduce industrial and domestic pollution loads in the hot spots of El Mex Bay and Alexandria; and strengthen the national framework for sustainable coastal management (GEF Grant US$ 8 million)Tunisia – Water re-use: the project will addresses land, climate change and water issues focused on water re-use as a tool to reduce the pressure on the Med ecosystem (GEF Grant US$ 5 million)Montenegro - Municipali waste water: the project would pilot low cost waste water treatment alternative methods in Bar and Ulcinj and improve the management and conservation of the wetlands in the Bojana-Buna Delta by extending the protection status form the coastal strip to the hinterland (GEF Grant US$ 6 million)Croatia waste water: the project addresses waste water in small and medium cities along the coast (GEF Grant US$ 5 million)
15 Strategic Partnership for the Mediterranean: Funding THE REGIONAL COMPONENT:GEF Grant: US$ 13 millionCo-funding: US$ 36 millionLeveraging ratio1:11:3THE INVESTMENT FUND:GEF Grant: US$ 80 million (proposed envelope)Co-funding: US$ 250 million
16 Strategic Partnership Coordination Coordination GroupProject Management UnitSteering Committeefacilitate and foster synergies between the two components of the project and ensure that the Strategic Partnership as a whole is implemented in parallel;ensure country ownership of partnership processes;ensure policy reforms in participating countries, through the use of existing and well established Barcelona Convention and MAP structures and mechanisms;ensure that a resource mobilization strategy/financing mechanism is developed;ensure effective monitoring and evaluation throughout the lifespan of the project; andmake use of Information/Communication and Replication Strategies as well as Knowledge Management products to influence policy changes in participating countries.
17 Next Steps Recruitment process Cooperation agreements with partners Establishment of the Project Management Unit, based in AthensKick off - October 2008
18 Thank you for your attention Website: http://www.unepmap.org