Presentation on theme: "Greening of Refrigerator & Room Air-Conditioner Industry in China"— Presentation transcript:
1 Greening of Refrigerator & Room Air-Conditioner Industry in China Ms. Liu Yuan FECO/MEPMs. Wang Lei CHEAA11 September 2009, Manila
2 Contents What happened What impacted What done What contributed What do in future--For greening refrigerator and room air conditioner industry in China
3 What happened CFCs and HCFCs used Refrigerator and Room air conditioner sector were rapidly developed since 1980’s in ChinaCFCs and HCFCs have been broadly used as refrigerant and foaming agent in Refrigerator and Room air conditioner productsCFC-11 (foaming agent) and CFC-12 (refrigerant) used in refrigerator sector in ChinaHCFC-22 (refrigerant) used in Room air conditioner in China
4 Historic production of refrigerators in China (10k units) What happenedSince 1980’s, China refrigerator sector is growing up quickly driven by domestic and international market.The CFCs peak consumption are about 10,000 tones/year during 1995 – 2002, new consumption is zero since 2008
5 Historic production of room air – conditioner (10k units) What happened
6 What impacted ODS and GHGs A number of commonly used chemicals have been found to be extremely damaging to the ozone layer which including the chemicals used in refrigerator and room air conditioner products.With scientific confirmation, while CFCs and HCFCs consumed, the man-made chemicals and human activities are having a significant adverse impact on the ozone layer and the global climate.
7 The linkage between Climate change and Ozone layer depleting What impactedAll F-gases are GHGsSome F-gases are ODSsClimate change---impact on ozone depleting
10 GWPs of halocarbons commonly reported under the MP What impactedrefrigeratorsrefrigeratorsAC
11 GWPs of halocarbons commonly reported under the UNFCCC What impactedACAC
12 China: Impact on GEP (history) What impactedClimate change:LOW (China’s CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion were 79 Mt in 1950, contributing only 1.13% of the world total at that time; cumulative emissions of CO2 from fossil fuel combustion accounted for only 9.33% of the world total during the period of 1950~2002, and the cumulative CO2 emissions per capita are 61.7 tons over the same period, ranking the 92nd in the world.)Ozone layer depleting:LOW (less than 1% of the total emissions) before 1995;
13 a largest and fast developing but not developed China: Impact on GEP (current)What impacteda largest and fast developing but not developedClimate change: large country for total emission (6.1 billion ton CO2e)Ozone layer depleting: the largest country on production and consumption of HCFCs
14 How to solve the global environmental problems (GEP) Nowadays, ozone depletion and climate change have been at the forefront of the international community’s environmental agendaTreatyConventionAgreementProtocolexchange of notesdeclarationWhat done
15 The bases and principles for the cooperation What doneThat States have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, the sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental and developmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other states or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.Common but differentiated responsibilities: the respective capabilities of developed and developing countries, as well as the common but differentiated responsibilities of States as set forth in Principle 7 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development.
16 What done China signed / ratified: How China working together with the world for solving the GEP (climate change and ozone layer protection)What doneChina signed / ratified:Vienna Convention/Montreal Protocol (1989/1991)UNFCCC/Kyoto Protocol (1993/2002)
17 What done Ozone layer protection in China Vienna Convention/Montreal Protocol (1989/1991)Country Program for Phaseout of Ozone Depleting Substances (CP) which the government approved in January 1993 and updated in November 1999Copenhagen Amendment (2004)Adjustment MP (2007)
18 What done ODS Phaseout approach Phaseout activities Project - Sector Plan – Country PlanProduction – consumption – alternatives –policyCompleted the first country program in developing countryDeveloped the first sector plan for phaseout ODS(was recommended in the 10 year assessment report for GEF implementation)Choosing suitable alternativesWhat done
19 Phaseout Target & Fund (by 2008) What doneConsumption phaseout target (ton ODP)Production phaseout target(ton ODP)Total phaseout target(ton ODP)IC (million USD, including supporting cost)China111,198123,328234,526782All Article 5244,818176,736421,5552,308Percentage45%70%56%34%
20 Compliance with MP, Program implemented by UNIDO in China What doneTotal phaseout 17,300 tons ODP with 115 million USD IC, mainly in refrigerator and foam sectorHC technology used for the refrigerator productionEnergy efficiencies were significantly approved
21 What done Project Number Project Title Project fund ODS Phaseout MP/CPR/94/405ELIMINATION OF OZONE DEPLETING SUBSTANCES USED IN THE PRODUCTION OF COMPRESSORS FOR HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATORS AT JIAXIPERA COMPRESSOR COMPANY LTD.40,294-MP/CPR/95/039CONVERSION OF DOMESTIC REFRIGERATOR AND FREEZER FACTORIES TO PHASE OUT CFC-12 AND CFC-11 BY HYDROCARBONS ISOBUTANE AND CYCLO-PENTANE AT HANGZHOU XILING HOLDINGS COMPANY16,012MP/CPR/95/127CONVERSION OF DOMESTIC REFRIGERATOR AND FREEZER FACTORIES TO PHASE OUT CFC-12 AND CFC-11 AT HANGZHOU XILING HOLDINGS COMPANY2,790,320360MP/CPR/95/141WORKSHOP ON DOMESTIC AND COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATOR COMPRESSOR CONVERSION40,237MP/CPR/96/028FORMULATION OF INVESTMENT PROJECTS IN THE REFRIGERATION SECTOR WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO DOMESTIC REFRIGERATION AND COMPRESSOR MANUFACTURING55,000MP/CPR/96/032CONVERSION OF COMPRESSOR PRODUCTION FOR DOMESTIC REFRIGERATORS FROM CFC-12 TO HYDROCARBON REFRIGERANT AT JIAXIPERA COMPRESSOR FACTORY1,490,00096MP/CPR/96/042PHASING OUT ODS AT THE HANGZHOU HUARI REFRIGERATOR COMPANY2,814,027338MP/CPR/96/087PHASING OUT ODS AT THE COMPRESSOR FACTORY OF THE HUANGSHI DONGBEI REFRIGERATION COMPANY899,03060MP/CPR/96/139PHASING OUT ODS AT THE XI'AN YUAN DONG COMPRESSOR COMPANY1,593,140MP/CPR/96/184PHASING OUT ODS AT THE REFRIGERATOR PLANT OF AUCMA ELECTRIC APPLIANCES GROUP COMPANY2,914,904708MP/CPR/96/185PHASING OUT ODS AT THE HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATOR COMPRESSOR FACTORY OF THE GUANGZHOU WANBAO COMPRESSOR GROUP2,250,0003MP/CPR/97/078PHASING OUT ODS AT THE REFRIGERATOR PLANT OF HEFEI MEILING COMPANY LTD.3,203,283849MP/CPR/97/090PHASING OUT ODS AT THE ZEL TIANJIN COMPRESSOR COMPANY LTD.962,17530MP/CPR/97/091PHASING OUT ODS AT THE REFRIGERATOR PLANT OF ZEROWATT ELECTRIC APPLIANCES GROUP2,383,490423MP/CPR/97/092PHASING OUT ODS AT THE HUALING REFRIGERATOR PLANT672,322280MP/CPR/97/183PHASING OUT ODS AT THE CHANGSHU REFRIGERATING EQUIPMENT WORKS (BAIXUE), CHANGSHU3,026,819426MP/CPR/97/193PHASING OUT ODS AT THE REFRIGERATOR PLANT OF BOLE ELECTRIC APPLIANCES GROUP1,467,465132MP/CPR/97/194PHASING OUT ODS AT THE FREEZER PLANT OF XING XING ELECTRIC APPLIANCES INDUSTRIAL COMPANY3,012,503348MP/CPR/97/195PHASING OUT ODS AT THE REFRIGERATOR PLANT OF ZHEJIANG RONGSHENG ELECTRIC COMPANY LTD., ZHEJIANG, DEQING COUNTY986,101178MP/CPR/97/202PHASING OUT ODS AT THE YUHUAN COMPRESSOR FACTORY IN KANMEN TOWN IN YUHUAN COUNTY1,455,969116MP/CPR/98/047PHASING OUT ODS AT THE REFRIGERATOR PLANT OF HEFEI HUALING ELECTRONIC COMPANY, LTD.777,72083MP/CPR/98/108CONVERSION FROM CFC-12 TO ISOBUTANE TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS AT THE COMPRESSOR FACTORY OF HANGLI REFRIGERATION LTD., HANGZHOU680,207What done
23 CFCs freeWhat doneThe 45.9 million refrigerators converted from CFCs to non-CFCsabout 40 million refrigerators made with HC technologies and energy efficiencyOthers made with HFCs and other refrigerants
24 MP provided dual protection: to Ozone layer and to Climate change Global contributionsWhat contributedMP provided dual protection: to Ozone layer and to Climate change
25 MP Overall benefits for 2010 What contributedNMP87-BaselineOffsetsNet valueOzone depletionHFCsGWP-weighted emissions (GtCO2-eq/yr)0.9Radiative forcing (W/m2)0.060.02Kyoto target : ~2 GtCO2-eq/yr
26 ODP and GWP avoided in Chinese refrigerator sector What contributedAt least 45,900 tons CFCs for new refrigerator production have been phased out45,900 tons ODP has been phaseout per year235 million ton CO2e emission has been avoided per year (account the 40 million refrigerators made with HC theologies only; energy saving has not been included)
27 What contributed China CFC Free before 2008 Two years ahead than the MP requirement to phaseout CFCs and Halons
28 What are China’s contributions with other developing countries in 2007 during MP parties meeting? What contributed
29 What do in future - RAC sector as an example Currently , UNIDO is helping China to develop HPMP in RAC sector;Invite experts to introduce suitable alternativesJoint data surveyJoint design phaseout strategy
30 Dual environmental benefits of ozone layer protection and climate change What do in futureIn the future, implementation of adopted HPMP will gain the dual environmental benefits of ozone layer protection and climate change;China will phase out about 70,000 tons HCFC-22 (3,850 tons ODP) in this sector concomitant with reducing 2,100 tons HFC-23 (25 million ton CO2e) per year;
31 Potential environmental benefit What do in futureChina is searching alternatives for HCFCs;HC, HFCs and others are the potential substitutes;Assuming HC as alternative, then,By 2030, estimation of environmental benefits of phasing out HCFC-22 for RAC sector will be: avoided 409 mtCO2-eq emission directly and 20568×108 kw-hr energy saving which avoided mtCO2-eq emission.
32 What do in futureAs one of the largest sector, the RAC sector has high potential to introduce more green products which would contribute to the environment via zero ODP, low GWP and high energy efficiency.The joint efforts contribute to green not only the Chinese industry, but also let Chinese industry provide the world green industrial products for the global sustainable development.