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Where are we in India heading to? Ramesh Menon. India, the SUPER POWER that will tower over the world… Type “India Rising” on Google and you will get.

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Presentation on theme: "Where are we in India heading to? Ramesh Menon. India, the SUPER POWER that will tower over the world… Type “India Rising” on Google and you will get."— Presentation transcript:

1 Where are we in India heading to? Ramesh Menon

2 India, the SUPER POWER that will tower over the world… Type “India Rising” on Google and you will get over 15,300,000 options. Great feeling eh? Type “India Rising” on Google and you will get over 15,300,000 options. Great feeling eh? Indians think we should be a top global power in the next ten years. Indians think we should be a top global power in the next ten years. One of the two fastest growing economies in the world. One of the two fastest growing economies in the world. Look at the cars, the malls, the spending power, the IT parks, the outsourcing boom, thousands of call centres, millions of educated young people, great new careers and aah! … lots of money… Look at the cars, the malls, the spending power, the IT parks, the outsourcing boom, thousands of call centres, millions of educated young people, great new careers and aah! … lots of money…

3 INDIA is being Noticed! Retail galloping as shoppers are everywhere. Retail galloping as shoppers are everywhere. By 2040, India may become the world’s third largest economy with the youngest workforce. By 2040, India may become the world’s third largest economy with the youngest workforce. Foreign investment driving growth. Foreign investment driving growth. India’s R and D in IT recognized. IT related services could cross over S 40 billions soon. India’s R and D in IT recognized. IT related services could cross over S 40 billions soon.

4 India’s urban young on a roll Young earn more than parents and spend more too. Enjoy is the new buzzword. Young earn more than parents and spend more too. Enjoy is the new buzzword. Traditional rules of sex and dating go out of the window. Traditional rules of sex and dating go out of the window. Women carving their lives independently. Women carving their lives independently.

5 Crisis of Character in India No pride in being Indian. No pride in being Indian. Needs of self more important than nation. Needs of self more important than nation. Narrow interests. Narrow interests. We are not thinking of future generations. We are not thinking of future generations. Corruption ridden. Corruption ridden. Not taking advantage of freedom and democracy. Not taking advantage of freedom and democracy. We are busy misusing our freedom, destroying public property, violating human dignity. We are busy misusing our freedom, destroying public property, violating human dignity.

6 All iszz not well!!! India is swamped with numerous serious ills that threaten the very idea of a free democratic secular nation that is committed to improve the lot of its people. India is swamped with numerous serious ills that threaten the very idea of a free democratic secular nation that is committed to improve the lot of its people. It has one of the most complicated problems in the world. It has one of the most complicated problems in the world. After Afghanisatan, India has the most terrorist attacks in the world. After Afghanisatan, India has the most terrorist attacks in the world. India showing signs of a wounded civilisation. India showing signs of a wounded civilisation.

7 India has world’s largest illiterate population About 35% of world's illiterate population is Indian and, based on historic patterns of literacy growth across the world, India may account for a majority of the world's illiterates by 2020. About 35% of world's illiterate population is Indian and, based on historic patterns of literacy growth across the world, India may account for a majority of the world's illiterates by 2020.

8 ILLITERACY India has 268.42 million Illiterates!!!!!!! Literacy rate 64.84 %. (Might be around 67 % in 2010) Literacy rate 64.84 %. (Might be around 67 % in 2010) In 1951, it was 18.33. In 1951, it was 18.33. Pretty poor show in 6 decades. Pretty poor show in 6 decades. Sri Lanka despite 30 years of war scores better with 91 per cent. Maldives is 96 per cent. Sri Lanka despite 30 years of war scores better with 91 per cent. Maldives is 96 per cent. Source: 2001 Census Source: 2001 Census

9 Literacy Key to Progress Literacy key for socio-economic progress, India much below the world average of 84%. Literacy key for socio-economic progress, India much below the world average of 84%. Look at the gender disparity: 76.9% for men and 54.5% for women. Look at the gender disparity: 76.9% for men and 54.5% for women. Worrying situation as low female literacy rate will have a dramatically negative impact on family planning. Worrying situation as low female literacy rate will have a dramatically negative impact on family planning. An educated woman changes the entire household. An educated woman changes the entire household.

10 Literacy Map of India

11 Top 9 States 1. Kerala 90.92 per cent. 1. Kerala 90.92 per cent. 2. Mizoram 88.49 2. Mizoram 88.49 3. Lakshadweep 87.52 3. Lakshadweep 87.52 4. Goa 82.32 4. Goa 82.32 5. Delhi 81.82 5. Delhi 81.82 6. Chandigarh 81.76 6. Chandigarh 81.76 7. Pondicherry 81.49 7. Pondicherry 81.49 8. A & N Islands 81.18 8. A & N Islands 81.18 9. Daman & Diu 81.09 9. Daman & Diu 81.09

12 The next 13 states above 65% 1. Maharashtra 77.27 1. Maharashtra 77.27 2. Himachal Pradesh 77.13 2. Himachal Pradesh 77.13 3. Tripura 73.66 3. Tripura 73.66 4. Tamil Nadu 73.47 4. Tamil Nadu 73.47 5. Uttaranchal 72.28 5. Uttaranchal 72.28 6. Gujarat 69.97 6. Gujarat 69.97 7. Punjab 69.95 7. Punjab 69.95 8. Sikkim 69.68 8. Sikkim 69.68 9. West Bengal 69.22 9. West Bengal 69.22 10. Manipur 68.87 10. Manipur 68.87 11. Haryana 68.59 11. Haryana 68.59 12. Nagaland 67.11 12. Nagaland 67.11 13. Karnataka 67.04 13. Karnataka 67.04

13 Literacy rate below 65% 1. Chattisgarh : 65.18 2. Assam : 64.28 2. Assam : 64.28 3. Madhya Pradesh : 64.11 3. Madhya Pradesh : 64.11 4. Orissa : 63.61 4. Orissa : 63.61 5. Meghalaya : 63.31 5. Meghalaya : 63.31 6. Andhra Pradesh : 61.11 6. Andhra Pradesh : 61.11 7. Rajasthan 61.03 7. Rajasthan 61.03 8. Dadra and 8. Dadra and Nagar Haveli: 60.3 Nagar Haveli: 60.3

14 Literacy rate below 65 % 9. Uttar Pradesh : 57.36 9. Uttar Pradesh : 57.36 10. Arunachal Pradesh : 54.74 10. Arunachal Pradesh : 54.74 11. Jammu & Kashmir : 54.46 11. Jammu & Kashmir : 54.46 12 Jharkhand : 54.13 12 Jharkhand : 54.13 13. Bihar : 47.53 13. Bihar : 47.53

15 Hunger 48 crore people in India cannot spend more than Rs. 20 a day on food. 48 crore people in India cannot spend more than Rs. 20 a day on food. There is enough food now but is rotting in godowns and open spaces as there is no place to keep the grain. There is enough food now but is rotting in godowns and open spaces as there is no place to keep the grain. India has lost more than 10 lakh metric tonnes of foodgrains stored in Food Corporation of India godowns in the last ten years. THIS WAS ENOUGH TO HAVE FED SIX LAKH PEOPLE FOR THE NEXT TEN YEARS! India has lost more than 10 lakh metric tonnes of foodgrains stored in Food Corporation of India godowns in the last ten years. THIS WAS ENOUGH TO HAVE FED SIX LAKH PEOPLE FOR THE NEXT TEN YEARS! As much as Rs. 243 crores were spent trying to preserve the grain. As much as Rs. 243 crores were spent trying to preserve the grain. And Rs. 2 crores were spent just in disposing of rotting grain. (This is an old figure; it has gone up last month as thousands of tonnes were washed off in the rain. And Rs. 2 crores were spent just in disposing of rotting grain. (This is an old figure; it has gone up last month as thousands of tonnes were washed off in the rain.

16 PDS does not work Public Distribution System is not working. Public Distribution System is not working. Focus shifting from agriculture as farmers are not earning enough. Also, focus is on industry now, not agriculture. Focus shifting from agriculture as farmers are not earning enough. Also, focus is on industry now, not agriculture. India will have to import food in the next decade. India will have to import food in the next decade. India is the only country in the world where millionaires and hungry are increasing. India is the only country in the world where millionaires and hungry are increasing.

17 The Kerala Development Model Literacy has helped Kerala become a model of not only India, but the developing world. Literacy has helped Kerala become a model of not only India, but the developing world. It has the lowest birth rate in India. It has the lowest birth rate in India. In fact, in the next ten years, many schools in Kerala will close down as there wont be enough students. In fact, in the next ten years, many schools in Kerala will close down as there wont be enough students. It has the largest number of hospitals for its small population. It has the largest number of hospitals for its small population. Lowest infant mortality. Lowest infant mortality. Highest longevity. Kerala’s women live the longest in India. Highest longevity. Kerala’s women live the longest in India.

18 Kerala-A Paradox “Though Kerala is mostly a land of paddy-covered plains, statistically Kerala stands out as the Mount Everest of social development; there's truly no place like it.” says Anthropologist Bill McKibben. But no growth of industry. But no growth of industry. Labour unrest and hartals common. Labour unrest and hartals common. Is a money order economy. Is a money order economy. No employment for the young. No employment for the young. Largest number of suicides. Largest number of suicides. Alcoholism rampant. Alcoholism rampant.

19 Poor Education System Low quality education. Largely irrelevant. Low quality education. Largely irrelevant. Syllabus not upgraded. Syllabus not upgraded. Education system damaged. Education system damaged. Is not job oriented Is not job oriented Outdated Theory and no practical learning. Outdated Theory and no practical learning. Needs a complete overhaul. Needs a complete overhaul. Also needs to be affordable. Also needs to be affordable. How many Indians can afford to sit in this classroom???? How many Indians can afford to sit in this classroom????

20 Most of the educated are unemployable Most engineers and management graduates coming out of educational factories that are a dime a dozen are NOT EMPLOYABLE! Most engineers and management graduates coming out of educational factories that are a dime a dozen are NOT EMPLOYABLE! A NASSCOM study has pointed this out. Is India’s major crisis. A NASSCOM study has pointed this out. Is India’s major crisis. Their knowledge and competence is mediocre. Their knowledge and competence is mediocre. WE HAVE LET DOWN OUR YOUNG. WE HAVE LET DOWN OUR YOUNG. That is why companies today are heavily investing in training them for the job. That is why companies today are heavily investing in training them for the job.

21 Social ills The list is very long. India has a long way to go. The list is very long. India has a long way to go. Dowry: Illegal in India, but 7,000 women have to die every year because of this. Dowry: Illegal in India, but 7,000 women have to die every year because of this. Greed cannot be satisfied. Greed cannot be satisfied. Marriage not linked to love but seen as a business proposition. Marriage not linked to love but seen as a business proposition. Women denied property rights by family. Women denied property rights by family. Girls seen as a burden. Girls seen as a burden.

22 Gender Bias Women still not given the space they deserve as equal partners. Women still not given the space they deserve as equal partners. Multifarious roles at home and office not appreciated. Multifarious roles at home and office not appreciated. Urban India is hardly the right picture as gender discrimination is rampant. Urban India is hardly the right picture as gender discrimination is rampant. Patriarchal attitudes are very strong. Patriarchal attitudes are very strong. Will take generations to repair and mature. Will take generations to repair and mature.

23 Shocking Female Infanticide In 1991, there were 947 girls to 1000 boys. In 2001, it had fallen to 927. In 1991, there were 947 girls to 1000 boys. In 2001, it had fallen to 927. Since 1991, 80% of districts in India have recorded a declining sex ratio. Punjab is the worst. Since 1991, 80% of districts in India have recorded a declining sex ratio. Punjab is the worst. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana have recorded more than 50 point decline in the child sex ratio in this period. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana have recorded more than 50 point decline in the child sex ratio in this period. India has reportedly killed 10 million girls in 20 years… India has reportedly killed 10 million girls in 20 years…

24 Child Marriage Child Marriage is banned. Happens every year. Child Marriage is banned. Happens every year. Parents eager to hive off their girl child. Parents eager to hive off their girl child. Get them married before they scandalise society! Get them married before they scandalise society!

25 Please give our girl child a chance! Girls can do well only if they are given a chance. Girls can do well only if they are given a chance. We are not a gender sensitive nation. Very patriarchal and feudal in our attitudes towards women. We are not a gender sensitive nation. Very patriarchal and feudal in our attitudes towards women. Give them equal opportunities and respect and see how society blooms. Give them equal opportunities and respect and see how society blooms. This class is not representative of modern Indian society. Step 15 kms from Pune and see how different the world of girls are! This class is not representative of modern Indian society. Step 15 kms from Pune and see how different the world of girls are!

26 Caste as a Curse India unable to drop Caste. India unable to drop Caste. Has divided society. Has divided society. Created bitterness. Created bitterness. Will pay a heavy price for centuries. Will pay a heavy price for centuries. Politics plays with caste, not with competence. Politics plays with caste, not with competence. Ideas have to be sacrificed to accommodate caste. Ideas have to be sacrificed to accommodate caste.

27 Communalism Divides India Has poisoned Indian society for generations to come. Has poisoned Indian society for generations to come. Will be a source of constant conflict. Will be a source of constant conflict. Maybe, literacy and statesmanship like leadership will help. Maybe, literacy and statesmanship like leadership will help.

28 Intolerance Intolerance is the new reality. Intolerance is the new reality. Hinduism is all about tolerance. But not anymore according to the new pundits. Hinduism is all about tolerance. But not anymore according to the new pundits. Valentines Day is an issue only in India. Valentines Day is an issue only in India. Creative licence in films not tolerated. Creative licence in films not tolerated.

29 Intolerance and the lack of courage Jaswant Singh’s book on Jinnah. Jaswant Singh’s book on Jinnah. The recent pullout of OUP saying it is withdrawing its book on Shivaji. The recent pullout of OUP saying it is withdrawing its book on Shivaji. Attack on girls drinking beer in a pub. Attack on girls drinking beer in a pub. Karan Johar saying sorry to the Shiv Sena. Karan Johar saying sorry to the Shiv Sena. A professor whose right hand was cut in Kerala. A professor whose right hand was cut in Kerala. No one is protesting against this fundamental right being violated by hoodlums. No one is protesting against this fundamental right being violated by hoodlums. Who is Pramod Mutalik to tell us what morals to follow? Is he moral. He told the Tehelka reporters in a sting operation that he can create trouble all over Karnataka if he was paid Rs. 60 lakhs!!!!!!!!! Who is Pramod Mutalik to tell us what morals to follow? Is he moral. He told the Tehelka reporters in a sting operation that he can create trouble all over Karnataka if he was paid Rs. 60 lakhs!!!!!!!!!

30 Where is the “Indian Culture” We are all so proud of it. We are all so proud of it. But where is it? But where is it? Caste, communalism, intolerance, disrespect towards women, atrocities by the powerful, injustice, female feticide, corruption, hatred towards other communities, needless aggression, child abuse, dowry murders, killing young lovers…… the list can go on. Caste, communalism, intolerance, disrespect towards women, atrocities by the powerful, injustice, female feticide, corruption, hatred towards other communities, needless aggression, child abuse, dowry murders, killing young lovers…… the list can go on.

31 Vendors of Anarchy Is “Hindutva” of the brand that Pramod Muthalik talks of damaging the Indian mindscape? Is “Hindutva” of the brand that Pramod Muthalik talks of damaging the Indian mindscape? Can Maharashtra be for Maharashtrians alone? Can Maharashtra be for Maharashtrians alone? Xenophobia gripping India. Xenophobia gripping India.

32 Rampant Corruption Has a pride of place in the world as one of the most corrupt societies. Has a pride of place in the world as one of the most corrupt societies. Has got virtually institutionalized. Has got virtually institutionalized. Lalit Modi seen as a hero. Lalit Modi seen as a hero. There is no social sanction against it. There is no social sanction against it. Is eating into the vitals of Indian soceity. Is eating into the vitals of Indian soceity. Threatens to turn from bad to worse. Threatens to turn from bad to worse.

33 Naxalism Growing Because of poverty, injustice, lack of development. Because of poverty, injustice, lack of development. Deprived areas and communities marginalised. Deprived areas and communities marginalised. Have taken gun as a last resort. Have taken gun as a last resort. Violent face of millions in a fractured democracy. Violent face of millions in a fractured democracy. Cannot be crushed. Will take years to resolve. Cannot be crushed. Will take years to resolve.

34 Naxalism will Grow Further India has 588 districts. India has 588 districts. Out of them, 220 districts are affected by Naxalism! Most serious issue today. Out of them, 220 districts are affected by Naxalism! Most serious issue today. Tribes have been completely marginalized, their lands taken away, abused and exploited. Tribes have been completely marginalized, their lands taken away, abused and exploited. They have to be brought into the mainstream. They have to be brought into the mainstream. Why do you see so many pictures of women taking up guns? They will tell you stories about police abuse. Why do you see so many pictures of women taking up guns? They will tell you stories about police abuse.

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36 Armed combat will fail Unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, equipped with cameras, data and video links are the latest weapons to be deployed against Naxals in India. Unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, equipped with cameras, data and video links are the latest weapons to be deployed against Naxals in India. Developed by Hindustan Aeronautics, each machine will cost at least Rs 18 lakh. Developed by Hindustan Aeronautics, each machine will cost at least Rs 18 lakh. Will they work to contain or subdue what the prime minister has called the “greatest threat to India’s internal security?” Will they work to contain or subdue what the prime minister has called the “greatest threat to India’s internal security?”

37 The new lolly A Rs. 13,742 crore development plan is being worked out for Naxal districts. A Rs. 13,742 crore development plan is being worked out for Naxal districts. A little bit too late. A little bit too late. Why could we not have done it without an armed uprising??? Why could we not have done it without an armed uprising??? Rs. 5768 cr for roads Rs. 5768 cr for roads Rs. 1,602 cr for education Rs. 1,602 cr for education Rs. 850 cr for health Rs. 850 cr for health Rs. 835 cr for electrification and Rs. 888 cr for irrigation. Rs. 835 cr for electrification and Rs. 888 cr for irrigation.

38 Insurgencies The Naga issue has been festering since Independence. The Naga issue has been festering since Independence. Kashmir since 1987. Kashmir since 1987. Manipur is on fire. Manipur is on fire. Assam hasn’t seen peace in almost three decades. Assam hasn’t seen peace in almost three decades. Naxalism exhibits deadly capabilities in challenging the state, devouring over 100 lives a month in violence. Naxalism exhibits deadly capabilities in challenging the state, devouring over 100 lives a month in violence.

39 Sanitation There are more mobile phones than toilets in India. There are more mobile phones than toilets in India. 564 million have mobiles. Every month sees 2.5 million new customers. 564 million have mobiles. Every month sees 2.5 million new customers. Only 366 million out of 1.2 billion have access to toilets! Only 366 million out of 1.2 billion have access to toilets! In Mumbai slums, between 81 to 243 people share one toilet. In Mumbai slums, between 81 to 243 people share one toilet. No wonder they are using the streets and rail tracks. No wonder they are using the streets and rail tracks.

40 Girls suffer the most Girls drop out of school because of lack of toilets. Only 22 % complete class 10. Girls drop out of school because of lack of toilets. Only 22 % complete class 10. A SNDT Univ. study in Tamilnadu of 1017 women showed that only five had toilets at home. A SNDT Univ. study in Tamilnadu of 1017 women showed that only five had toilets at home. Serious hygiene problem. 700 million Serious hygiene problem. 700 million defecate in the open. defecate in the open. 1000 children in India die every day under the age of five according to UNICEF because of diarrhoea. Mostly, poor sanitation is to blame. 1000 children in India die every day under the age of five according to UNICEF because of diarrhoea. Mostly, poor sanitation is to blame.

41 What a stinking shame! Poor sanitation and the resultant illnesses cost the Indian economy more than 12 billion rupees a year according to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Poor sanitation and the resultant illnesses cost the Indian economy more than 12 billion rupees a year according to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 13 million unsanitary bucket latrines where over 7,00,000 scavengers carry night soil on their heads everyday in spite of the Sanitation Act of 1993 that makes it a punishable offence. 13 million unsanitary bucket latrines where over 7,00,000 scavengers carry night soil on their heads everyday in spite of the Sanitation Act of 1993 that makes it a punishable offence. Sulabh International has done a fab job of constructing and maintaining toilets but just a drop in the ocean. Sulabh International has done a fab job of constructing and maintaining toilets but just a drop in the ocean.

42 Serious Health Problems India is a sick country. India is a sick country. Degraded environment, poor hygiene, pathetic health services and no prevention methods to blame. Degraded environment, poor hygiene, pathetic health services and no prevention methods to blame. TB, Polio, Various viruses, Superbugs, respiratory diseases, water borne infections, Obesity, Heart attacks, AIDS. TB, Polio, Various viruses, Superbugs, respiratory diseases, water borne infections, Obesity, Heart attacks, AIDS. India will spend very heavily in the years to come on healthcare as it is ignoring a timebomb ticking away. India will spend very heavily in the years to come on healthcare as it is ignoring a timebomb ticking away.

43 National Shame India has the largest number of stunted, wasted and underweight children. India has the largest number of stunted, wasted and underweight children. Around 2 million children around the age of five die in India every year. Around 2 million children around the age of five die in India every year. One million of these are because of under- nutrition and hunger. One million of these are because of under- nutrition and hunger. Nearly 61 million are stunted. Nearly 61 million are stunted. 25 million are underweight. 25 million are underweight. Being well nourished is the right of every child. Being well nourished is the right of every child.

44 India needs a health programme There have been a slew of programmes but it has to be more focused, strict and result oriented. There have been a slew of programmes but it has to be more focused, strict and result oriented. China is very strict with its long term programme and have actually warned its citizens to shape up giving them a daily health chart. China is very strict with its long term programme and have actually warned its citizens to shape up giving them a daily health chart. A clean country will wipe out most of the health problems just as Singapore has done. A clean country will wipe out most of the health problems just as Singapore has done.

45 Poor Governance Most ministries are doing little. They do not feel accountable to those who elected them. Most ministries are doing little. They do not feel accountable to those who elected them. Bureaucrats follow the pathetic leader. Bureaucrats follow the pathetic leader. India is a leadership governed society. India is a leadership governed society. Media and people have to become watchdogs. Media and people have to become watchdogs. Wasteful ministries. Too many ministers both at the centre and the state level. Wasteful ministries. Too many ministers both at the centre and the state level. Instead of getting intelligent young people or visionaries, we are saddled with illiterates shaping the future of India! Instead of getting intelligent young people or visionaries, we are saddled with illiterates shaping the future of India!

46 Rich millets replaced by rice In Madhya Pradesh itself, six lakh children have died between 2005-10. In Madhya Pradesh itself, six lakh children have died between 2005-10. Displacement, eviction, land diversion, distress and migration are some of the reasons for rise in malnutrition. Displacement, eviction, land diversion, distress and migration are some of the reasons for rise in malnutrition. The Public Distribution System brought in rice that is less nutritious than millets that was the food of the poor. The Public Distribution System brought in rice that is less nutritious than millets that was the food of the poor. Integrated Child Development Services scheme has helped a wee bit but needs to be strengthened and broadened to go to every nook and corner of India. Integrated Child Development Services scheme has helped a wee bit but needs to be strengthened and broadened to go to every nook and corner of India.

47 The Population Bomb! We are ignoring it at our peril. We are ignoring it at our peril. Development is not possible in India unless there is population control. Development is not possible in India unless there is population control. It will take two generations for population growth to slow down. It will take two generations for population growth to slow down. Numbers are increasing among the rural uneducated class. Numbers are increasing among the rural uneducated class. Women who are poor have little control on the reproductive process. Women who are poor have little control on the reproductive process.

48 Two way Process Family planning must be made an issue where the man also is made to realise that his wife’s health is his responsibility. Family planning must be made an issue where the man also is made to realise that his wife’s health is his responsibility. Sterilisation services are predominantly used by women. Men shun it. That has to change. Sterilisation services are predominantly used by women. Men shun it. That has to change. Men have to be persuaded to take part in the contraception process and become partners in promoting equality. Men have to be persuaded to take part in the contraception process and become partners in promoting equality.

49 Need for concrete measures Most couples need education and motivation on the importance of family planning. Most couples need education and motivation on the importance of family planning. Unless health services improve, families will have numerous children fearing some will die. Unless health services improve, families will have numerous children fearing some will die. Economic prosperity is the only way to development and population stablilization. Economic prosperity is the only way to development and population stablilization. A larger population depletes natural resources faster. A larger population depletes natural resources faster.

50 Early marriage avoidable Early marriage and son preference are social issues and have little to do with health and family welfare. Early marriage and son preference are social issues and have little to do with health and family welfare. Early marriage leads to early pregnancy, multiple pregnancies, maternal morbidity and mortality. Early marriage leads to early pregnancy, multiple pregnancies, maternal morbidity and mortality. Son preference leads to multiple abortions, unsafe abortion, multiple pregnancies, greater exposure to unsafe delivery leading to death. Son preference leads to multiple abortions, unsafe abortion, multiple pregnancies, greater exposure to unsafe delivery leading to death.

51 Two child norm? India boldly needs to come out with a two child norm. India boldly needs to come out with a two child norm. In another few decades, India will be the most populated country in the world. In another few decades, India will be the most populated country in the world. Adopting a two child norm is not only useful from a population and development point of view but is also good for women’s health. Adopting a two child norm is not only useful from a population and development point of view but is also good for women’s health. We have to fight the son-preference phenomena with education and awareness. Will need religious leaders to lead the way, not politicians. We have to fight the son-preference phenomena with education and awareness. Will need religious leaders to lead the way, not politicians.

52 Urban Chaos Urban India collapsing. Urban India collapsing. Traffic snarls, pollution, poor housing, pathetic infrastructure, poor drinking water, cracked up sewage lines, lack of parking, green spaces, playfields, frequent power cuts. It is another India treading into darkness everyday. Traffic snarls, pollution, poor housing, pathetic infrastructure, poor drinking water, cracked up sewage lines, lack of parking, green spaces, playfields, frequent power cuts. It is another India treading into darkness everyday.

53 Are you Angry? Good, if you are… Think deeply about these issues that plague our India. Think deeply about these issues that plague our India. Can we work out solutions? Can we work out solutions? Can we sensitize and instigate people into action? Can we sensitize and instigate people into action? Can we inspire our politicians and bureaucracy to act? Can we inspire our politicians and bureaucracy to act? Or will we just like millions of Indians sit on our arse and complain till we die? Or will we just like millions of Indians sit on our arse and complain till we die?


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