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EQ 1: How was Central America influenced by the Olmec civilization?

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Presentation on theme: "EQ 1: How was Central America influenced by the Olmec civilization?"— Presentation transcript:

1 EQ 1: How was Central America influenced by the Olmec civilization?
Key Terms: Mesoamerica, Olmec, “mother culture”

2 Geography Mesoamerica—aka Central America or Middle America, region in between North and South America Modern-day Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Belize, Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica ****MEXICO AND NEW MEXICO ARE TWO DIFFERENT LANDS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!



5 Olmec First civilization that developed in Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica’s “mother culture” Civilizations that developed in Mesoamerica all trace their cultures back to the Olmecs


7 Olmecs had extensive trade network, which made the society wealthy and caused their culture to spread Famous for large stone statues of heads



10 Olmec Contributions Art styles Design of cities Burial sites

11 EQ 2: What contributions were made by the civilizations in Mesoamerica & South America?
Maya, Chichen Itza, Aztec, Tenochtitlan, Quetzalcoatl, Inca, socialism, Machu Picchu, Cuzco, Atahualpa

12 Maya, c AD

13 Mayan Contributions Step pyramids Large cities at Tikal, Chichen Itza

14 Science & Math Number system 52-week calendar, using a codex

15 Organized Sports


17 Bloodletting ceremonies

18 Aztecs, c AD

19 Aztecs, c AD Were also called Mexicas, where we get the name Mexico Capital at Tenochtitlan, built in the middle of a lake Advanced empire, conquered other people and demanded tribute (taxes) Known for human sacrifices





24 Worshipped Quetzalcoatl, a god of peace portrayed as a feathered serpent who, according to Aztec myth, promised to return and bring about a golden age

25 Incas, c

26 Incas, c. 1300-1600 Most important empire of South America
Settled in the Andes Mountains Incan govt most like socialism—most wealth shared equally Empire expanded through conquest & diplomacy

27 Inca Empire Advanced cities at Machu Picchu and capital of Cuzco
Enormous wealth and advancements Power struggles for control of empire Emperor Atahualpa gained power through war with his brother

28 Machu Picchu

29 Cuzco



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