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Course ILT Operating systems Unit objectives Identify operating system fundamentals Manage files on a computer.

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Presentation on theme: "Course ILT Operating systems Unit objectives Identify operating system fundamentals Manage files on a computer."— Presentation transcript:

1 Course ILT Operating systems Unit objectives Identify operating system fundamentals Manage files on a computer

2 Course ILT Topic A Topic A: Operating system fundamentals Topic B: Directory and file management

3 Course ILT Microsoft Windows XP

4 Course ILT Mac OS X

5 Course ILT RedHat Linux

6 Course ILT Dependability features Stable OS architecture System restore Device driver rollback Device driver verification Reduced reboot scenarios Scalable memory/processor support

7 Course ILT Application failure reduction Side-by-side DLLs Windows File Protection Windows Installer Internet Explorer Add-on Manager

8 Course ILT Security features Windows Firewall Encrypting File System (EFS) IP Security Kerberos Smart card support Windows Security Center

9 Course ILT Management and deployment Application compatibility User State Migration Tool Hardware standards support Dynamic updates IEAK System Preparation Tool Setup Manager Remote OS Installation Multilingual support

10 Course ILT Desktop management features Remote Assistance Group policies Help and Support Center Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Recovery console Safe Mode Startup Options

11 Course ILT Usability features Graphical user interface Adaptive user environment Troubleshooters

12 Course ILT Mobile-computing features Remote desktop Offline file and folder support Offline viewing Laptop power management features Hot docking Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

13 Course ILT Networking features Wireless networking Home networking Network Setup Wizard Network bridge Internet Connection Sharing Bluetooth 2.0

14 Course ILT Product life cycle Mainstream support Extended support Self-help online support

15 Course ILT Windows XP Professional features Remote desktop Multiprocessor support Automated System Recovery (ASR) Dynamic disk support Fax service Internet Information Services (IIS)/Personal Web server Encrypting File System (EFS) continued

16 Course ILT Windows XP Pro features, continued File-level access control –Windows XP Home Edition/Professional computers that are not domain members use Simple File Sharing C2 certification Domain membership Group policies IntelliMirror Remote Installation Services (RIS) Roaming profiles continued

17 Course ILT Windows XP Pro features, continued Multilingual support 64-bit version IPSec user interface SNMP Simple TCP/IP services SAP agent Client services for NetWare Network monitor Client-side caching Administrative tools

18 Course ILT Activity A-1 Selecting an appropriate Windows operating system

19 Course ILT Windows XP Professional Start menu TaskbarSystem tray Recycle Bin Desktop

20 Course ILT Windows 2000 Professional Start menu Taskbar System tray My Computer My Network Places Recycle Bin

21 Course ILT Windows Explorer Date created or modified File type Files File size Toolbar Menu bar Drive Folder/ directories

22 Course ILT Activity A-2 Locating Windows XP interface components

23 Course ILT System tools Control Panel Computer Management Console Accessories/System Tools Command-line utility Device Manager

24 Course ILT Activity A-3 Observing Windows XP system tools

25 Course ILT Topic B Topic A: Operating system fundamentals Topic B: Directory and file management

26 Course ILT Directory structure

27 Course ILT MS-DOS navigation commands Command/cmd Dir Chdir/cd

28 Course ILT Command/cmd Basic syntax: command cmd Optional parameters and switches: command drive:path device ► /e:nnnn /p /c string /msg

29 Course ILT Dir command Basic syntax: dir Optional parameters and switches: dir drive:path filename /p /w ► /a:attributes /o:sortorder /s ► /b /l

30 Course ILT /a:attributes h Hidden files -h Non-hidden files s System files -s Non-system files d Directories -d Files only (not directories) a Files ready for archiving -a Files that have not changed since the last archive r Read-only files -r Non-read-only files

31 Course ILT /o:sortorder n Alphabetical order by name -n Reverse alphabetical order by name e Alphabetical order by file extension -e Reverse alphabetical order by extension d Chronological by date and time, oldest to newest -d Chronological by date and time, newest to oldest s By size, smallest to largest -s By size, largest to smallest g Grouped directories, then files -g Grouped files, then directories

32 Course ILT Chdir/cd command Basic syntax: chdir cd Optional parameters: chdir drive:path or cd drive:path chdir.. or cd.. chdir \ or cd \

33 Course ILT Navigating in Windows Explorer 1.Click Start and choose All Programs, Accessories, Windows Explorer 2.Click the plus sign (+) next to a drive or folder 3.Select a drive or subfolder

34 Course ILT Activity B-1 Using the command prompt

35 Course ILT Activity B-2 Navigating a directory tree

36 Course ILT Mkdir/md command mkdir drive:path md drive:path

37 Course ILT Creating a directory (Windows Explorer) 1.In the navigation pane, select the drive or folder where you want to create the new folder 2.Choose File, New, Folder 3.Type the name of the new folder 4.Press Enter Maximum depth of folder structure is 255 characters –Includes characters representing the drive, plus any file-name extensions

38 Course ILT Activity B-3 Creating directories

39 Course ILT Copying in Windows Explorer 1.In the navigation pane, select the directory you want to copy –To select multiple directories, hold down Ctrl and select each directory 2.Choose Edit, Copy 3.In the navigation pane, select the target location 4.Choose Edit, Paste

40 Course ILT Activity B-4 Copying a directory

41 Course ILT Deleting in Windows Explorer 1.Select the folder you want to remove 2.Choose File, Delete 3.Click Yes to confirm moving the folder and its contents to the Recycle Bin

42 Course ILT Activity B-5 Removing directories

43 Course ILT File types Binary Text—typically ASCII

44 Course ILT File extensions.batBatch file.binBinary file.bmp;.gif; Image file.jpeg;.jpg;.png;.tif.comCommand file.exeExecutable file for programs.hlp;.chmHelp file.htm;.htmlHypertext markup language (HTML) file for documents on the Web continued

45 Course ILT File extensions, continued.infConfiguration settings file used during setup/installation.iniConfiguration settings file.msiWindows installer package file.rtfRich text file; allows formatting.sysSystem file.txtPlain text file.vbsVisual Basic script file

46 Course ILT File-name limits MS-DOS — eight-character limit –8.3 –eight characters for the name –three characters for the extension –separated by a period Windows — 255-character limit

47 Course ILT Creating a text file 1.Click Start and choose All Programs, Accessories, Notepad 2.Enter the desired text 3.Choose File, Save As 4.From the Save In list, select the desired directory 5.In the File Name box, type a name 6.Verify that Text Documents (*.txt) is selected in the Save as type box 7.Click Save 8.Choose File, Exit

48 Course ILT Activity B-6 Creating a text file

49 Course ILT File attributes Read-only Hidden System Archive

50 Course ILT Attrib command Basic syntax: attrib Optional parameters and switches: attrib +r|-r +a|-a +s|-s +h|-h ► drive:path\filename /s

51 Course ILT Attrib switches +r Assigns the read-only attribute -r Removes the read-only attribute +a Assigns the archive attribute -a Removes the archive attribute +s Sets the file as a system file -s Clears the system file attribute +h Assigns the hidden attribute -h Removes the hidden attribute /s Applies the command to all files in the current directory and its subdirectories

52 Course ILT Activity B-7 Modifying file attributes

53 Course ILT Editing a file in Notepad 1.Click Start and choose All Programs, Accessories, Notepad 2.Choose File, Open 3.In the Look in list, locate and select folder containing the text file 4.In the file list, select the file 5.Click Open 6.Modify the text 7.Save the file and then exit Notepad

54 Course ILT Activity B-8 Editing a text file

55 Course ILT File permissions NTFS file security –Windows NT Workstation –Windows 2000 Professional –Windows XP Home Edition –Windows XP Media Center Edition –Windows XP Professional Windows XP Home Edition –Uses Simple File Sharing Windows XP Professional –Can use either Simple File Sharing or the classic security interface

56 Course ILT NTFS file permissions Full control Modify Read & execute Read Write

57 Course ILT NTFS folder permissions Full control Modify Read & execute List folder contents Read Write

58 Course ILT Considerations Each user account can have multiple NTFS permissions assigned to it NTFS permissions are cumulative NTFS permissions are inherited

59 Course ILT Assigning permissions 1.If necessary, disable Simple File Sharing 2.Open Windows Explorer 3.Navigate to the desired folder or file 4.Right-click the folder or file and choose Sharing and Security 5.Activate the Security tab 6.Select the desired user or group continued

60 Course ILT Assigning permissions, continued 7.Check Allow or Deny to set the desired permissions 8.Repeat steps 6 and 7 for additional users or groups 9.Click OK

61 Course ILT Activity B-9 Assigning file permissions

62 Course ILT Unit summary Identified operating system fundamentals Managed files on a computer

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