Presentation on theme: "Sound and Structure (Pattern)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sound and Structure (Pattern) Poetry, Part IISound and Structure (Pattern)
2 Chapter 14, Perrine’sStructure – the arrangement of ideas, images, thoughts, and sentencesForm – refers to the “shape” of the poem… internal order of materials and external shape.Poems have three broad forms: A) Continuous B) Stanzaic C) Fixed
3 More on Forms…Continuous – lines follow one another without formal grouping; breaks are dictated by units of meaning.Stanzaic – written in a series of stanzas; repeated units have the same number of lines and often identical rhyme scheme. (More formal pattern)Fixed – traditional pattern (i.e. sonnet)
4 SonnetsSonnet - classified as a fixed form; 14 lines in length (usually iambic pentameter). A) Most sonnets follow two models: Italian or EnglishItalian (Petrarchan)- divided between eight lines called the octave. Rhyme = abbaabba or six lines/ setset = cdcdcd and cdecdeDivision between octave and setset corresponds to a division in thought.
5 SonnetsEnglish (Shakespearean) – consists of 3 quatrains [4 line stanza] and a concluding couplet.Division is marked by the development of thought.
6 VillanelleVillanelle – Fixed Form; 19 lines consisting of five tercets rhymed aba [3 line stanza] and a concluding quatrain rhymed abaa.
7 Rhyme…Rhyme – repetition of accented vowel sound and any succeeding consonant sounds A) Masculine – rhyme sounds involves only one syllable (decks and sex or support and retort) B) Feminine – rhyme sounds involve two or more syllables (turtle and fertile or spitefully and delightfully)
8 Rhyme…Approximate – (slant rhymes) words with any kind of sound similarity (lightly and frightfully or yellow and willow)Internal – one or more rhyming words within the lineEnd – rhyming words at the ends of linesRefrain – repetition of whole words, phrases, lines, or groups of lines (mostly songs)
9 Rhythm and MeterRhythm – any wavelike recurrence of motion or sound; the natural rise and fall of language.Accented (stressed) one or more syllables receiving prominence in pronunciation.Rhetorical Stresses – stressing of words so as to emphasize meaning. (ex. I don’t believe YOU)Caesuras – pauses within lines (grammatical or rhetorical) – a way to vary rhythm in lines.
10 Rhythm and MeterMeter – identifying characteristic of rhythmic language.