2 The author’s purpose is their reason for writing. Authors write for many different reasons but most fall into one of the following categories:To informTo entertainTo persuadeTo express or describe
3 Some writers write to INFORM Some writers write to INFORM their readers about a specific topic Characteristics: Has mostly factual information For example: The author of your history text book was writing to INFORM you about historical events.
4 Some writers write to ENTERTAIN Some writers write to ENTERTAIN their readers Characteristics: Tells a story often using humor or suspense For example: The novel “Holes” was written to ENTERTAIN young adult readers.
5 Some writers write to PERSUADE Some writers write to PERSUADE their readers to think or act in a certain way Characteristics: Criticisms and arguments for and against something as well as promotions are often used in persuasive passages For example: The advertisement written for Crest toothpaste, was written to persuade the viewer to buy the toothpaste.
6 Some writers write to EXPRESS or DESCRIBE Some writers write to EXPRESS or DESCRIBE something to their readers Characteristics: Presents a specific point of view or shares personal feelings For example: The Diary of Anne Frank was written to EXPRESS or DESCRIBE Anne Frank’s feelings during the Holocaust.
7 Several factors contribute to author’s purpose These include the author’s...BiasUse of fact/opinionTone
8 Author’s Bias Writers write about what they know… The author’s bias is the author’s outlook or prejudiceGenerally, writers support ideas or institutions that benefit them
9 Use of Facts and Opinions A FACT is a piece of information that can be checked to determine whether they’re trueAn OPINION reflects how a person feels about a subject and cannot be proven true or falseAn author’s use of facts and opinions can help you determine what their feelings are about a particular subject. This will help you decide the reason orpurpose for their writing
10 The author’s TONE reveals the author’s attitude Author’s make decisions about the words they use and the tone they create based on how they feel about the subjectPurpose can be determined by deciding how the author wanted the audience to feel about a subject
11 Strategies and TipsRead the selection carefully to get a general feeling for what the author is saying.Look for any biases or prejudices the author might have? (Did the author take a particular stand on an issue?)Determine if the author uses more facts or opinions in the passageDecide what the tone of the passage is by looking for words that reveal the author’s attitude toward the topicFinally ask yourself why did the author write this passage?
12 Point of View Point of view is determining who is telling the story There are two point of views the story may be told fromFirst personThird person
13 First Person Point of View First person point of view occurs when the story is narrated by a character within the storyLook for key words such as I, we and us to identify first person point of view
14 Third Person Point of View Third person point of view occurs when the story is told by a narrator outside of the storyLook for key words for clues to third person point of view such as they, she, and heThere are two subcategories of third person point of view
15 Third Person Omniscient Point of View Third Person OMNISCIENT Point of View occurs when the narrator knows each of the character’s thoughts (the narrator is all knowing)
16 Third Person Intimate Point of View Third Person INTIMATE Point of View occurs when the narrator is closer and more aware of one particular character’s point of view
17 If the point of view is third person point of view: Strategies and TipsAlways look for key words in the passage which might identify the point of viewIf the point of view is third person point of view:- Decide if the author knows all of the feelings and emotions and actions of all charactersor- If the narrator is more closely aware of the behavior and thoughts of one particular character