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L’Impressionisme 19e siècle.

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Presentation on theme: "L’Impressionisme 19e siècle."— Presentation transcript:

1 L’Impressionisme 19e siècle

2 Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists, who began exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860’s. The name of the movement is derived from the title of a Claude Monet painting, called Impression, Sunrise.

3 Impressionist artists felt the new technology of Photography was ruining the art of painting. They felt the need to create a new style of painting in which accurate rendering of the subject was not the main focus.

4 The Impressionists changed the approach to painting by recreating the sensation in the eye that views the subject, rather than recreating the subject.

5 Characteristics of Impressionist painting include:
Visible brushstrokes Light Colors Emphasis on Light and the changing qualities of it Ordinary Subject Matter Unusual Visual Angles Open Compositions

6 Visible Brushstrokes

7 The Changing Qualities of Light
Haystack - Morning Haystack - Mist

8 Emphasis on Light

9 Light Colors

10 Unusual Visual Angles

11 Open Compositions

12 Ordinary Subject Matter

13 Techniques of Impressionists
Short, thick strokes of paint. Colors are applied side-by-side with as little mixing as possible, creating a vibrant surface. The optical mixing of colors occurs in the eye of the viewer. Grays and dark tones are produced by mixing complementary colors. In pure Impressionism the use of black paint is avoided. Wet paint is placed into wet paint without waiting for successive applications to dry, producing softer edges and an intermingling of color.

14 Painting in the evening to get effets de soir - the shadowy effects of the light in the evening or twilight. The surface of an Impressionist painting is typically opaque. The play of natural light is emphasized. In paintings made en plein air (outdoors), shadows are boldly painted with the blue of the sky as it is reflected onto surfaces, giving a sense of freshness and openness that was not captured in painting previously.

15 Short, thick brushstrokes

16 Masters of Impressionism
Claude Monet – Lily ponds & Gardens Auguste Renoir – People Outdoors Edgar Degas – Dancers and Theater Camille Pissarro – Cities and Streets Alfred Sisley – Rivers and Landscapes Mary Cassatt- Mothers and Children

17 Claude Monet

18 Monet painted… Water lilies…

19 hut-shaped haystacks…

20 Rouen Cathedral

21 Renoir

22 Renoir painted…. The Boating Party - People Outdoors

23 Paintings by Auguste Renoir

24 Degas

25 Edgar Degas Considered the master of drawing the human figure in motion Known for paintings of ballerinas Drew scenes of horse races and race tracks

26 Degas is famous for… Dancers

27 Horses

28 Cotton Exchange at New Orleans

29 Mary Cassatt

30 Mary Cassatt was an impressionist.
She was an American. She painted mothers and children. She had no children of her own. She was friends with Degas, who also is an impressionist.

31 Mary Cassatt painted… Children on the Beach

32 naturalistic poses…

33 mothers and children…

34 Paintings by Camille Pissarro
Self Portrait

35 Boulevarde Montmartre – Rainy Afternoon - 1897

36 Paintings By Alfred Sisley

37 Bridge At Villanueve

38 The Boating Party

39 Dance at Bougival

40 Décrivez le tableau (painting)—les vêtements, les personnes, leurs expressions, etc.

41 Dancers in the Old Opera House. 1877

42 Jeunes Filles au Piano

43 Little Girl With a Watering Can
Décrivez le tableau (painting)—la fille, ses vêtements, son expression, etc. Little Girl With a Watering Can

44 The Dancing Class

45 Race Horses

46 Etoile

47 Dancers in Blue

48 Water Lilies

49 Sunrise

50 Wheat Stacks - Winter

51 Wheat Stacks – End of Summer

52 Giverny

53 Water Garden at Giverny

54 The Japanese Footbridge, 1899




58 Après l'Impressionisme

59 Vincent Van Gogh Starry Night

60 Paul Gaugin When Will You Marry?

61 Henri Matisse La Desserte Rouge

62 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

63 Moulin Rouge

64 At the Moulin Rouge

65 In the Salon of the Rue de Moulins

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