Presentation on theme: "ADMINISTRATIVE THEORY AND PRACTICE Factors contributing to effectiveness of the administrative practices within organisations EFFECTIVE TEAMS."— Presentation transcript:
ADMINISTRATIVE THEORY AND PRACTICE Factors contributing to effectiveness of the administrative practices within organisations EFFECTIVE TEAMS
TEAM WORKING A team – a group who have been specially formed for a particular purpose – to achieve a particular aim. Characteristics of a team: A shared purpose or goal A sense of belonging A dependence/reliance on each other.
Belbin’s factors for effective teams Ideal team size 4-6 members Larger team risks sub-groups forming and difficulties for quieter members to participate Smaller team risks one person dominating or too few skills/ideas.
TEAM ROLES Ideas person Motivator Organiser Implementer Checker Finisher Go-getter Team player Specialist
SKILLS OF TEAM MEMBERS Leadership skills – someone who influences others towards the achievement of goals. Motivates the team, sets vision and communicates information, provides support and minimises conflict Listening skills – members should be able to listen to each other’s ideas and points of view Communication skills – members should be able to put their thoughts into words for everyone to understand. Communicate verbally and in writing
Factors determining the effectiveness of teams Team composition – personality, interests, age etc Team development – working together as team to get to know one another Shared goals – all working towards the same end goal Team maintenance – members must be able to take part in regular activities to maintain relationship Leadership – motivates team to achieve goals – sets vision, meets needs of team and individuals, liaises within and outwith team Communication – the ability to listen to each other and respect others’ opinions
Description of an effective team Relaxed atmosphere Relevant discussion with participation of all Clear commitment to objectives Allow members to listen to one another Discuss conflicts openly Reach decisions by consensus Allow shared leadership Promote self evaluation.
Benefits of effective team working to the Individual Increased morale and motivation – greater involvement Shared knowledge and skills Risk taking – try new ideas Sense of being valued and belonging
Benefits of effective team working to the Organisation Multi-skilling Responsibility – less supervision Higher productivity Risk-taking giving competitive edge
To sum up you should know: Features of effective teams Team formation Leadership skills and skills of team members Benefits to individuals and the organisation of effective team working.