5 Handout The UK Economy 16th April 2012 What are the key statistics mentioned in the news article?
6 An increase in output, real GDP, over a given period of time. The key macroeconomic conceptsEconomic GrowthAn increase in output, real GDP, over a given period of time.The rate of economic growth is used as a major indicator of economic performance.A positive, stable and sustainable rate of growth is a key macroeconomic objective for government.
7 An increase in the general price level over a given period of time. The key macroeconomic conceptsInflationAn increase in the general price level over a given period of time.The rate of inflation is used as a major indicator of economic performance.A low and stable rate of inflation is a key macroeconomic objective for government.
8 The key macroeconomic concepts UnemploymentPeople who are part of the working population, who are willing and able to work, but are without jobs.The rate of unemployment is used as a major indicator of economic performance.A low level of unemployment is a key macroeconomic objective for government.
9 Balance of Payments (BoP) The key macroeconomic conceptsBalance of Payments (BoP)Is a record of all economic transactions between a country an the rest of the global economy.The BoP current account balance is used as a major indicator of economic performance.Long term stability in the current account is a key macroeconomic objective for government.
10 Equity in the distribution of income The key macroeconomic conceptsEquity in the distribution of incomeA fair distribution of income (note this is a normative concept).Equity is not the same as equality (equality would mean that everyone gets an equal share of income)The way a government taxes and spends can redistribute the income in a country
11 A steady and sustainable increase of output (real GDP). Summary - The key macroeconomic objectivesA steady and sustainable increase of output (real GDP).A low level of unemployment / high level of employment.A low and stable rate of inflation.A favourable balance of payments position.Equity in the distribution of income
15 The Business Cycle/ The Economic Cycle No notes Just lined paper for this section…
16 To manage the macroeconomy we need to measure actual and potential output If actual output> potential output = positive output gap= inflationary gapOutput (real GDP)Actual outputOutput GapsTrend output= potential GDPPeakboomPeakTroughIf actual output< potential output = negative output gap= deflationary gapContractionExpansionWhen an economy comes out of a recession i.e. real GDP begins to rise again this is called a recovery (economic growth will be positive eg. 0.2%)TroughIf real GDP falls for 2 consecutive quarters it is called a recession (economic growth will be negative eg. -1%)Time
18 Handout The Economic Cycle Questions ET March 2006QuestionsSketch a simple economic cycle diagramSummarise the ‘stages’ of the economic cycle (refer to your diagram). Do not refer to the UK, just the theory.Summarise different explanations of the economic cycle. Do not write 1 long paragraph- a few short paragraphs.