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Skeletal System Diseases & Abnormal Conditions
Arthritis Inflammation of the joints 2 Types – Osteoarthritis / Rheumatoid
Arthritis (cont.) Cause = aging process (OA), autoimmune disease (RA) S&S = joint pain, stiffness, limited ROM Tx = No cure – anti inflammatory meds, exercises, steroids, heat/cold
Bursitis Inflammation of the bursae sac (surrounds joints)
Bursitis (cont) Cause = Trauma to fluid filled sac / overuse of joint (hip, knee, shoulder, elbow)
Bursitis (cont) S&S = Severe pain, limited ROM, Fluid accumulation Tx = Pain meds, steroids, rest, aspirating the joint (removing fluid)
Osteomyelitis Inflammation of the bone (usually caused by bacterial infection)
Osteomyelitis S&S – pain / swelling at the site, chills, & fever Tx - Antibiotics
Osteoporosis Softening of the bones Caused by decrease of estrogen (in women), lack of calcium Bones become porous and brittle
Osteoporosis S&S – Spontaneous fracture
Ruptured Disk Also called herniated disk / slipped disk Most common site – lumbar area
Ruptured Disk S&S – pain, muscle spasm, numbness, impaired movement Tx – Rest, massage therapy, physical therapy, chiropractic treatment Severe cases require surgery
Abnormal Curvature of the Spine Causes – birth defect, malnutrition, degeneration on the vertebrae Tx – Physical exercise, braces, surgery
Types of Curvature Kyphosis – bowing of the back
Scoliosis – side to side curvature
Lordosis – abnormal inward curvature
ORGANS THAT ARE CALLED BONES
Disorders. Broken Bones Terms: Closed vs open Closed vs open Simple vs Comminuted Simple vs Comminuted.
SKELETAL SYSTEM Skeletal system … made of organs that are called bones, there are 206 bones in the body.
Inflammatory Disorders of Joints ¤ Bursitis ¤ Sprains ¤ Arthritis.
Skeletal Body System. Inflammation of the joints Bursa are small, fluid filled sacs that lubricate and relieve pressure between the bones, tendons and.
Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. CHAPTER 13 SKELETAL SYSTEM.
Skeletal System Diseases and Disorders. Arthritis Rheumatoid Rheumatoid Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Juvenile Rheumatoid.
SKELETAL SYSTEM JACKI MALONE, RN, BSN. REVIEW Systems are made of…….. ORGANS Organs are made of…… TISSUES Tissues are made of….. cells.
Dalia Munoz HCP 201 Mrs. Wainio. “It is a painful inflammation of the bursa. A bursa sac is located around a joint that contains lubricating fluids that.
Swelling or the inflammation of the bursa sac. The bursa sac is a liquid sac that acts as a cushion. It is located between tendons, muscles, bones,
Anatomy and Physiology Bones and Joints Bones provide framework and support; classified by shape and composition Joints: where two or more bones.
1.03 Understand the functions and disorders of the skeletal system.
SKELETAL DISEASES NOTES. Osteoporosis: What is it? Loss of bone density and mass Bones become more porous, increasing risk of fractures.
Chapter 5 The Skeletal System: Pathology
Chapter 7:2 Skeletal System.
CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES OF M/S SYSTEM Developmental dysplasia of hip Scoliosis.
The Skeletal System Support Systems Unit 2 Support Systems Unit 2.
Skeletal System Characteristics and Treatment of Common Skeletal Disorders.
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