Presentation on theme: "1 Chapter Overview Creating a User Database Setting Database Options Managing User Database Size Placing Database Files on Multiple Disks."— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter Overview Creating a User Database Setting Database Options Managing User Database Size Placing Database Files on Multiple Disks
2 User Database Creation Unique name is required and should conform to rules for identifiers. Default values will be used for all unspecified parameters. Only members of the sysadmin or dbcreator server roles can create a new database.
5 Model Database Database objects in the model DB are used to populate all new databases. Database properties of the model DB are inherited by all new databases. Database options of the model DB are inherited by all new databases. Default collation of the model DB is inherited by all new databases.
6 Database Creation Tools Create Database wizard—useful for novices creating simple databases Microsoft SQL Server Enterprise Manager (directly)—graphical method for creating simple or complex databases Transact-SQL—script method for creating simple or complex databases
7 Script Generation SQL Server Enterprise Manager can create Transact-SQL scripts for database objects (including databases, tables, indexes, views, logins, and groups). Used to document existing objects for re-creation on other servers or for disaster recovery. Use a single script for all objects, or create multiple scripts for different object types.
9 Tools for Viewing and Modifying Database Options SQL Server Enterprise Manager The DATABASEPROPERTYEX system function The ALTER DATABASE statement The sp_dboption system stored procedure
10 Automatic File Growth Default setting for all data and transaction log files. In dedicated SQL Server environments, use only as a safety valve so as not to cause a performance hit and data file fragmentation. Set growth increments large enough so that growth occurs infrequently, and monitor when the growth occurs.
11 Automatic File Shrinkage Not the default setting for any data or transaction log files. Useful for embedded applications and small installations that are sharing drive space with other applications. In dedicated SQL Server environments, perform shrinkage manually when the database is not busy, if at all.
12 Manual Data File Size Management Monitor free space in data files. To increase, use SQL Server Enterprise Manager or the ALTER DATABASE statement. To decrease, use SQL Server Enterprise Manager, the DBCC SHRINKFILE statement, or the DBCC SHRINKDATABASE statement.
13 Manual Transaction Log File Size Management Monitor free space in transaction log files. Type of recovery model, level of database activity, and transaction log backup schedule will affect transaction log file growth. To increase size, use SQL Server Enterprise Manager or the ALTER DATABASE statement. To decrease size, use SQL Server Enterprise Manager, the DBCC SHRINKFILE statement, or the DBCC SHRINKDATABASE statement.
14 Additional Data and Transaction Log Files Create additional data and transaction log files on separate drives for more space and improved performance. Use SQL Server Enterprise Manager or the ALTER DATABASE statement. Create additional data files in the primary filegroup or create secondary filegroups.
18 Tempdb Placement Fault tolerance is not an issue, as tempdb gets rebuilt each time SQL Server starts. To increase performance, use a separate drive for the tempdb data file. Use RAID 0 if using a separate drive does not eliminate tempdb as a bottleneck.
19 Moving Data and Transaction Log Files Data and transaction log files can be detached from a SQL Server instance and then reattached to the same or a different SQL Server instance. If files are moved, ensure that the SQL Server service account has Full Control permission under NTFS to the files in the new location. Detached files can be written to a compact disc for read-only access to data. Use SQL Server Enterprise Manager, sp_attach_db, or CREATE DATABASE FOR ATTACH.
20 Chapter Summary Default values will be used for all nonspecified database properties. Use SQL Server Enterprise Manager to easily create a new database. Database options determine default behaviors. Use autogrowth as a safety valve only. Use multiple drives and RAID for fault tolerance and performance.