DIABETES MELLITUS Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot make or cannot use insulin properly
Types of Diabetes Type 1: The type where a person is fully unable to make insulin. The patient depends on insulin administration. It is diagnosed mostly during childhood, and so often called: Juvenile Diabetes Type 2:Type 2 diabetes also called non- insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult- onset diabetes Gestational Diabetes: This type is characterized by hyperglycemia, or raised blood sugar, which is first recognized during pregnancy. Usually goes away after the baby is born.
TYPE 2 DIABETES -Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes -It is Responsive to oral hypoglycemic medications -Type 2 diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, as well as the Elderly
WITH DIABETES MELLITUS, - The stomach empties 50% faster than normal -Muscle cells and other tissues are resistant to insulin -Liver puts too much sugar into the blood -Pancreas can’t make enough insulin
RISK FACTORS FOR DIABETES Obesity(Abdominal) Age (Over 45 years old) Sedentary Lifestyle Family History of Diabetes Family History of High BP Personal History of High BP (self) High Cholesterol History of Gestational DB Delivered a baby > 9 lbs.
NOT SO FUN FACTS… Overweight Kids Become Overweight Adults -Diabetes is a leading cause of adult blindness -It’s also a leading cause of kidney failure. -People with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are at a much higher risk than the general population for damage to the eyes, kidney, nerves, and blood vessels.
PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT. -Healthy Eating/Portion control -Regular Exercise -Healthy Weight (Avoid “Junk Food”) -Reading Food Labels -Medications, Insulin, and other Injectable. -Weight Loss Surgery ( Lab-Band, Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass)