Absolute Monarchy Predict: Based on these pictures, how do you think an Absolute Monarch rules a nation?
Absolute Monarchy Power is held by a king or queen There are no limits on his/her power Power is achieved through heredity A person must be born into the position There is no citizen participation
Constitutional Monarchy Power is held by a king/queen AND a Legislative Branch Powers are limited by a Constitution and Laws The royal position is based on heredity; members of the Legislature are either elected by the people or appointed by the king/queen There is some citizen participation
Constitutional Monarchy This document is called The Magna Carta Does anyone remember why it is important? (hint: think back to early U.S. history)
Parliamentary Democracy Power is held by the people Powers are limited by the Constitution and Laws Holding Power: the Legislature is elected by the people The Prime Minister is elected by the Legislature There is a high level of citizen participation, but the people are removed from choosing the leader (P.M.)
Example of Canadian Parliamentary System Where are the people involved in this process?
Presidential Democracy Power is held by the people Powers are limited by the Constitution, Laws, and the People’s Right to Vote Power is gained by being elected by the people There is a high level of citizen participation
Dictatorship Power is held only by the dictator There are no limits on his/her power Power is usually achieved by force There is no hereditary right to rule There are no elections Sometimes, an election is held, but only one name will be on the ballot There is no citizen participation
Theocracy Power is held by the religious leader Powers are limited by the laws of the religion A leader is appointed to power or elected by religious leaders There is a low level of citizen participation, except for people with leadership positions within the religious organization