Presentation on theme: "Topic: Age of Kings and Queens 1500-1789 Main Idea Questions: Objectives: Define absolute monarchy. Explain Divine Right. Contrast an absolute monarchy."— Presentation transcript:
Topic: Age of Kings and Queens 1500-1789 Main Idea Questions: Objectives: Define absolute monarchy. Explain Divine Right. Contrast an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. Give examples of absolute monarchs and difficulties they encountered. Summary:
Topic: Age of Kings and Queens 1500-1789 Main Idea Question: Absolutism:____________________________ Divine Right:____________________________ Causes Religious and terroritorial conflicts created fear and uncertainty Growth of armies to deal with conflicts led rulers to raise taxes to pay troops Heavy taxes led to additional unrest ABSOLUTISM Effects: Rulers regulated religious worship and social gathering to control the spread of ideas Rulers increase size of courts to appear more powerful Rulers create bureaucracies to control economies Summary:____________________
Topic: Age of Kings and Queens 1500-1789 Why did Louis XIV build such a grand place? How did Louis XIV’s war’s weaken the country? How did the Huguenot ’s fare in France? Absolutism in France 1589-1715 I. Henry IV—protestant “Paris is worth a mass” A. Edict of Nantes—religious toleration II. Louis XIII A. Cardinal Richelieu—build an absolute monarchy i. Intendants—middle class leaders who took power from nobles ii. Huguenots—can’t have walls around their cities III. Louis XIV—Sun King A. Cardinal Mazarin—ended 30 Years War, raised taxes B. Fronde C. Versailles E. Use of Middle Class F. Repealed the Edict of Nantes G. Failures—repealed Edict of Nantes—many skilled workers left. Tried to invade the Netherlands. IV. War of Spanish Succession A. Charles II in Spain has no heir B. Leaves Spain to “Phillip”—grandson of Louis XIV C. Alliances D. Treaty of Utrecht—Phillip can rule, but can’t unite with France E. Debt—look on page 168 in book.
Topic: Age of Kings and Queens 1500-1789 Why do you think Phillip II wanted to invade England? Hint Elizabeth is queen. Spain: Superpower of the 1500s 1. Phillip II becomes king of Spain in 1556 2. Became wealthy due to American gold & silver 3. Failed in attempt to invade England with Phillip’s Armada Summary:____________________
Topic: Age of Kings and Queens 1500-1789 Why do you think Peter wanted to make Russia like Europe? Russia: Rise of the Czars 1. Romanov family comes to power in 1600’s 2. Peter the Great a. Determined to modernize Russia b. Wanted to be more connected to Western European (France, England) 3. Built St. Petersburg as new capital 4. Increased power of government 5. Took control of Eastern Orthodox church Summary:____________________
Topic: Age of Kings and Queens 1500-1789 Why did Elizabeth not have an heir? Problems in England (Background) 1.Elizabeth dealt with other countries, Parliament dealt with laws and taxes. 2.Elizabeth dies. James I becomes king. He believes in Divine Right. 3.James I dies. Charles I become king. He believes in Divine Right Summary:____________________
Topic: Age of Kings and Queens 1500-1789 Should Parliament have limited Charles I Power? Parliament limits Charles I power. How? Petition of right 1.Only parliamenet can tax people 2.King cannot send one to prison without a trial 3.England now has a LIMITED (constituional) MONARCH Summary:____________________